• Linearly
  • Linearly polarized light can be decomposed into two circular components with intensity represented as I 0 = 1 2 ( I − + I + ) {\displaystyle I_{0}={\frac {1}{2}}(I_{-}+I_{+})} The PEM will delay one component of linearly polarized light with a time dependence that advances the other component by 1/4 λ (hence, quarter-wave shift). (wikipedia.org)
  • Circular dichroism causes incident linearly polarized light to become elliptically polarized. (wikipedia.org)

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  • structural
  • The binding to human serum albumin (HSA) of the antitumoural drug paclitaxel and of several structural analogues has been characterized by bioaffinity chromatography and circular dichroism. (uniprot.org)