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  • cells
  • Human embryonic stem cells are able to undergo the process of differentiation into specific and relevant cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is confirmed that SON regulates the splicing process of transcripts (RNAm) that will encode the gens that are going to regulate the pluripotency of the embryonic human cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the chromosomes have segregated to the new daughter cells, the nucleus and its components must be rebuilt. (encyclopedia.com)
  • To duplicate all this information stored in the chromosomes and to make it usefull cells use a process we call central dogma. (prezi.com)
  • However, human cells make extensive use of alternative splicing to produce several different proteins from a single gene, and the human proteome is thought to be much larger than those of the aforementioned organisms. (thefullwiki.org)
  • type of chromosome
  • Types Multiple gene disorder Depending on which type of chromosome is afected, they can be classified in Autosomal Sexual When the disease is related onto a no sexual chromosome Dominant Recesive Only one mutated copy of the gene will be necessary for a person to be affected by an autosomal dominant disorder. (prezi.com)
  • loci
  • Gene and RefSeq, in collaboration with HGNC, currently describe one 45S rDNA cluster, and one set of 45S precursor and product rRNAs, for each of the five human chromosomes to which these loci are localized. (genecards.org)
  • Centromeres were first thought to be genetic loci that direct the behavior of chromosomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • prophase
  • Application of various molecular meiosis and the next to molecular events in techniques in chromosome research has subse- meiotic prophase in the baker's yeast. (indigo.ca)
  • species
  • Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes can be broken down into two subunits (the S in 16S represents Svedberg units), nt= length in nucleotides of the respective rRNAs, for exemplary species Escherichia coli (prokaryote) and human (eukaryote): Note that the S units of the subunits (or the rRNAs) cannot simply be added because they represent measures of sedimentation rate rather than of mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between remote species as human and frog comparison of sequences at ITS tracts is not appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conserved sequences at coding regions of rDNA allow comparisons of remote species, even between yeast and human. (wikipedia.org)
  • Telomeres
  • Telomeres may extend from both ends of the chromosome, their shape is similar to letter "i" during anaphase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each chromosome is specifically anchored through its telomeres to a discrete place on the nuclear envelope by the proteins of the nuclear lamina. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Proteins
  • It also facilitates the interaction of SR proteins with RNA polymerase II and is required for processing of weak constitutive splice sites, having also strong implications in cancer and other human diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • meiotic
  • It is only recently that a phase chromosomes are structurally not homo- molecular view of the meiotic cell division is geneous through their length, a new world was beginning to emerge: chapter ten refers to human in the offing. (indigo.ca)
  • 10 Current and Future Trends in Human Meiotic Research. (indigo.ca)
  • structural
  • Even more, novel chromosome techniques tion by flow cytometry, and mapping of structural- have become an integral component of clinical ly and functionally distinct domains on metaphase and molecular genetic methodologies. (indigo.ca)
  • syndrome
  • An example of monosomy is Turner syndrome , where the individual is born with only one sex chromosome, an X. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead I will focus on how two chromosomes can get stuck together and how that can make Down syndrome run in families. (thetech.org)
  • An example of monosomy is Turner syndrome, where the individual is born with only one sex chromosome, an X. Exposure of males to certain lifestyle, environmental and/or occupational hazards may increase the risk of aneuploid spermatozoa. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman's UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT, 10th Edition looks at the lifespan through the lens of social work theory and practice, covering human development and behavior theories within the context of family, organizational, and community systems. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • enhancer
  • Transcription enhancer identified near the human C mu immunoglobulin heavy chain gene is unavailable to the translocated c-myc gene in a Burkitt lymphoma. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We report here the identification of an enhancer element adjacent to the human C mu gene on normal chromosome 14, but this enhancer does not remain on the abnormal chromosome 14 to which the c-myc gene has been translocated in the Burkitt lymphoma cell line Raji. (ox.ac.uk)
  • regions
  • The range extension of rhesus macaque - a natural process in some areas, and a direct consequence of introduction by humans in other regions - poses grave implications for the endemic and declining populations of bonnet macaques in southern India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each chromosome contains various gene-rich and gene-poor regions, which seem to be correlated with chromosome bands and GC-content . (thefullwiki.org)
  • females
  • Because females inherit an X chromosome from their fathers, female offspring of affected fathers are never affected. (prezi.com)
  • malignancy
  • In Burkitt lymphoma the c-myc gene, the cellular homologue of the viral oncogene v-myc, has been implicated in the aetiology of this human B-cell malignancy. (ox.ac.uk)
  • portion
  • Granulysin is made as a 15 kD molecule, and a portion of it is cleaved at both the amino and carboxy termini into a 9 kD form. (wikipedia.org)
  • In normal cell division, each chromosome is copied and then attached to its newly formed copy at the centromere (the center portion of a chromosome). (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes
  • As a result, the chromosomes do not get lined up properly, which causes the cell to divide very slowly or even to not divide at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • The odd number of chromosomes causes the defective cells to die, which leads to the malformations associated with Roberts syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary
  • In the experiment, four primary human airway smooth muscle cell lines were treated with 1 micromolar dexamethasone for 18 hours. (bioconductor.org)
  • final stage
  • The aim of this study is to estimate the influence of general environmental conditions on human organism at the final stage of the Neolithic period - in the Corded Ware culture. (blogspot.com)
  • During the final stage, cytokinesis, the chromosomes and cytoplasm separate into two new daughter cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The 9 kD form is released by receptor-mediated granule exocytosis while the 15 kD form is constitutively secreted. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • To resolve the issue, we screened 621 Y-chromosomes (of Brahmins, occupying upper most caste position and Dalits and Tribals with the lower most positions in the Indian caste hierarchical system) with fifty-five Y-chromosomal binary markers and Y-microsatellite markers and compiled a data set of 2809 Y-chromosomes (681 Brahmins, 2128 Tribals and Dalits) for conclusions. (blogspot.com)
  • page
  • You can get the 656-page volume of abstracts ( pdf ) of this year's American Society of Human Genetics meeting. (blogspot.com)
  • years
  • Since the arrival of humans approximately 2,000 years ago, lemurs have become restricted to 10% of the island, or approximately 60,000 square kilometres (23,000 sq mi), and many face extinction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The longest recorded lifespan is 15 years and 9 months. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Previous Y-chromosome results showed a Levantine coastal-inland contrast marked by J1 and J2, and a very strong North African component was evident throughout the Middle East. (blogspot.com)
  • mother
  • Your father get his X chromosome from his mother, not his father, so you only inherit the X from your paternal grandmother - unless they or your parents were related, which is not uncommon - we all have single ancestors on multiple lineages. (forumbiodiversity.com)
  • study
  • Development and Evaluation of the Modiolar Research Array--Multi-Centre Collaborative Study in Human Temporal Bones. (uiowa.edu)
  • Post
  • A very interesting post by John Hawks on the (possibly neglected) importance of positive selection during the evolution of the human lineage. (blogspot.com)