• Disease
  • There were differences between the groups in terms of the preoperative levels of hemoglobin and albumin, the ASA score, presence of hypertansion, presence of coroner artery disease (CAD), presence of chronic obstrucitve pulmonary disease (COPD), length of hospitalization, rate of emergency cholecystectomy, and the morbidity rate. (sages.org)
  • approach
  • In the 1960s Semm started to use laparoscopy - he named it ''pelviscopy'' - for gynecologic indications, initially as a diagnostic tool, but soon realizing that the laparoscopic approach had potential for interventive surgery. (wikipedia.org)