• Humans
  • Night blindness may be a feature of severe zinc deficiency, however most reports of night blindness and abnormal dark adaptation in humans with zinc deficiency have occurred in combination with other nutritional deficiencies (e.g. vitamin A). Impaired immune function in people with zinc deficiency can lead to the development of respiratory, gastrointestinal, or other infections, e.g., pneumonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of an iteroparous organism is a human-though people may choose to have only one child (or even none), humans are biologically capable of having offspring many times over the course of their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • puberty
  • In the 21st century, the average age at which children, especially girls, reach puberty is lower compared to the 19th century, when it was 15 for girls and 16 for boys. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main steroid hormones, testosterone, estradiol, and progesterone as well as prolactin play important physiological functions in puberty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Menarche is the culmination of a series of physiological and anatomic processes of puberty: Attainment of a sufficient body mass (typically 17% body fat). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pregnancy
  • Age at introduction of solids as a predictor of feeding difficulties was examined in 2389 mother-child pairs, adjusting for child (age last breast fed, sex, gestation) and maternal characteristics (parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, age, education, employment, parenting difficulties, diet quality). (ox.ac.uk)
  • intake
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether consumption of a protein-based breakfast (PRO) increases postprandial energy metabolism and substrate oxidation, reduces hunger, and reduces food intake at lunch compared with a carbohydrate-based breakfast (CHO) in normal weight (NW) vs. overweight/obese (OW) children. (nih.gov)
  • There is evidence of calcium intake-by-gene and calcium intake-by-physical activity interactions among toddlers and young children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Psychogenic polydipsia, or excessive fluid intake in the absence of physiological reasons to drink, is relatively common in people with schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diet
  • Although many studies have examined the relation between type of milk received in infancy and subsequent cognition, there has been no investigation of the possible effect of variations in the weaning diet.We studied 241 children aged 4 years, whose diet had been assessed at age 6 and 12 months. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Total diet study: estimated dietary intakes of nutritional elements, 1982-1991. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Usana produces three product lines: Usana Nutritionals (Essentials, Optimizers, and Digestion/Detox nutritional supplements), Usana Diet & Energy (Reset meal replacement shakes, protein bars, and Rev3 energy drinks), and Sensé personal care (skin care, skin treatment, and hair & body care products). (wikipedia.org)
  • His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had little effect on their general health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surveys
  • Dietary intakes of 11 nutritional elements for eight age-sex groups were estimated for the time period 1982 to 1991 on the basis of results from laboratory analyses of 234 core foods of the U.S. food supply and food consumption data from two national food consumption surveys conducted in the late 1970s. (biomedsearch.com)
  • maternal
  • Maternal socio-demographic and anthropometric data and child anthropometric and feeding data were collected through interviews and self-administered questionnaires. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Status
  • Data from the 2007 Australian Children's Survey which included 4800 children aged 2-16 years were used to examine the extent of misreporting based on EI, physical activity level (PAL), age, gender, height and weight status. (mdpi.com)
  • Recent applications emphasize the development of increasingly sophisticated techniques to detect additional proteins, genetic material, and markers of nutritional status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growth
  • Because children and parents knew that they were given food, we judged blinding of participants and personnel to be at high risk for all studies.Growth. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Zinc deficiency in children can cause delayed growth and has been claimed to be the cause of stunted growth in one third of the world's population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years. (ox.ac.uk)
  • To assess the effectiveness of supplementary feeding interventions, alone or with co-intervention, for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged children aged three months to five years.Secondary objectives1. (ox.ac.uk)
  • A culturally appropriate intervention to improve health behaviors in Hispanic mother-child dyads. (nih.gov)
  • We evaluated the feasibility of a culturally relevant 9-month intervention program to improve health behaviors in low-income Mexican mothers with 3- to 5-year-old children. (nih.gov)
  • A community engagement approach was used to culturally and linguistically tailor an intervention program that was pilot tested with 33 mother-child dyads enrolled from a large California urban health center. (nih.gov)
  • The long-term effects of these early nutritional influences on later bone health are unknown. (biomedsearch.com)
  • affects
  • This study indicates that breakfast macronutrient composition affects postprandial responses in both NW and OW children. (nih.gov)
  • genetic
  • Increasing numbers of children are being born through egg donation and thus do not share a genetic relationship with their mother. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Australia
  • In high-income countries, one RCT found no difference in weight, but in a CBA with 116 Aboriginal children in Australia, the effect on weight was 0.95 kg (95% CI 0.58 to 1.33). (ox.ac.uk)
  • prevalence
  • The prevalence of under-reporting among all children varied from 5.0% to 6.7%, and over-reporting from 1.6% to 3.0% depending on the option used. (mdpi.com)
  • Services
  • pages needed] Medico-legal psychiatric assessments are also utilized in the context of child safety and child protection services. (wikipedia.org)
  • A child psychiatrist can carry out an assessment of parenting capacity, taking into consideration the mental state of both the child and the parents, and this may be used by child protective services to decide whether a child should be placed in an alternative care arrangement such as foster care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cluster-RCTs, controlled clinical trials (CCTs), controlled before-and-after studies (CBAs), and interrupted time series (ITS) that provided supplementary food (with or without co-intervention) to children aged three months to five years, from all countries. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Contributions of food groups to estimated intakes of nutritional elements: results from the FDA tota. (biomedsearch.com)
  • common
  • Over-reporting was more common among children with a lower BMI and lower PAL. (mdpi.com)
  • Distortions of self-experience such as feeling as if one's thoughts or feelings are not really one's own to believing thoughts are being inserted into one's mind, sometimes termed passivity phenomena, are also common. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • His account of the phenomenon inspired the research of Jacques Monod, who later worked out a detailed mechanism for the induction of enzymes in bacteria and was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • When the children were 3 years of age, mothers/carers rated six potential child feeding difficulty questions on a four-point Likert scale, including one general question and five specific feeding difficulty questions. (ox.ac.uk)
  • average
  • Meta-analysis of the RCTs showed that supplemented children gained an average of 0.12 kg more than controls over six months (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 0.18, 9 trials, 1057 participants, moderate quality evidence). (ox.ac.uk)
  • For height, meta-analysis of nine RCTs revealed that supplemented children grew an average of 0.27 cm more over six months than those who were not supplemented (95% CI 0.07 to 0.48, 1463 participants, moderate quality evidence). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Moreover, children from three industrial towns in Scotland were, on average, inferior in the same four measurements to the average Cambridge child, and the children from the poorer families in the Scottish towns were inferior in these measurements to those from the wealthier families. (wikipedia.org)
  • months
  • 95 % CI 0·59, 0·91, P=0·004) than children who were introduced to solids between 4 and 6 months. (ox.ac.uk)
  • study
  • The purpose of the study was to test the equivalence of a short zidovudine (ZDV) regimen as compared to a longer, ACTG-076-like, ZDV regimen in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmi. (bioportfolio.com)
  • groups
  • 0.0001) EEs and fat oxidation over the 4 h period than did the NW children in the CHO and PRO groups. (nih.gov)
  • lower
  • The studies also showed serendipitously that children from a poorer area of Cambridge were shorter and lighter, and had lower haemoglobin levels and a weaker grip, than those from a wealthier area. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Severely malnourished children with a low weight-for-height have a higher mortality than those with a low mid-upper-arm-circumference: III. (ac.be)
  • Severely malnourished children with a low weight-for-height have similar mortality to those with a low mid-upper-arm-circumference: II. (ac.be)