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  • spine
  • Book Review: Atlas of Craniocervical Juntion and Cervical Spine Surgery MD, Vincent C Traynelis, 2018-05-08 00:00:00 True to the title, this work is focused on surgery of the craniovertebral junction and subaxial cervical spine. (deepdyve.com)
  • This section is subdivided into anterior approaches for the craniovertebral junction, anterior and lateral approaches for the subaxial cervical spine, posterior approaches to the subaxial cervical spine, illustrative cases, and complications. (deepdyve.com)
  • The Complication section is also good, but it does not include what is perhaps the most common complication of cervical spine surgery: pulmonary problems. (deepdyve.com)
  • This region is just as important in cervical spine surgery as the craniovertebral junction and hopefully in a future edition this region will be included. (deepdyve.com)
  • The fracture may result from an axial load on the back of the head or hyperextension of the neck (e.g. caused by diving), causing a posterior break, and may be accompanied by a break in other parts of the cervical spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are 23 discs in the human spine: 6 in the neck (cervical region), 12 in the middle back (thoracic region), and 5 in the lower back (lumbar region). (wikipedia.org)
  • smear
  • The Bethesda system (TBS) is a system for reporting cervical or vaginal cytologic diagnoses, used for reporting Pap smear results. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, also known as Pap smear, cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb). (wikipedia.org)
  • A Pap smear is performed by opening the vaginal canal with a speculum, then collecting cells at the outer opening of the cervix at the transformation zone (where the outer squamous cervical cells meet the inner glandular endocervical cells). (wikipedia.org)
  • arch
  • On its anterior surface is an oval or nearly circular facet for articulation with that on the anterior arch of the atlas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The peg has an articular facet at its front and forms part of a joint with the anterior arch of the atlas. (wikipedia.org)
  • mild
  • Screening during this period may show this immune reaction and repair as mild abnormalities, which are usually not associated with cervical cancer, but could cause the patient stress and result in further tests and possible treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • second
  • Nayar R, Solomon D. Second edition of 'The Bethesda System for reporting cervical cytology' - Atlas, website, and Bethesda interobserver reproducibility project. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • In some cases these lesions can lead to invasive cervical cancer, if not followed appropriately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of all women with HSIL results, 2% or less have invasive cervical cancer at that time, however about 20% would progress to having invasive cervical cancer without treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The test remains an effective, widely used method for early detection of pre-cancer and cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical cancer usually takes time to develop, so delaying the start of screening a few years poses little risk of missing a potentially precancerous lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • HPV can be transmitted in sex between females, so those who have only had sex with other females should be screened, although they are at somewhat lower risk for cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)