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  • tissue
  • Acquaintance and histology of nervous tissue has been taken for with the basic cytology granted. (springer.com)
  • As such, the olfactory epithelium is the only central nervous tissue in direct contact with the environment, which opens up for therapeutic treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different forms of glial cells have different functions, some acting almost as scaffolding for neuroblasts to climb during neurogenesis such as bergmann glia, while others such as microglia are a specialized form of macrophage, involved in the immune system of the brain as well as the clearance of various metabolites from the brain tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • CNS cysts are classified into two categories: cysts that originate from non-central nervous system tissue, migrate to, and form on a portion of the CNS, and cysts that originate within central nervous system tissue itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some examples of cysts originating from non-central nervous system tissue include: Teratomas cysts (containing multiple body tissue types) Dermoid (epidermoid/epidermoid tumor) Rathke's cleft cysts Pineal cysts Tumor-associated cysts Epithelial cysts that originate from upper respiratory and intestinal tracks. (wikipedia.org)
  • This category of cysts takes over areas of necrotic tissue in the brain from injuries, diseases, or abnormalities, which occur due to the central nervous system's nonregenerative nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the infectious agent, although most highly concentrated in nervous tissue, can be found in virtually all tissues throughout the body, including blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuron
  • Arguably still the most complex known object known to man, this collection of billions of neuron s is the seat of consciousness and the central controller over just about everything that makes us human . (everything2.com)
  • immune
  • In the late-1990s I, as director of the UW MS Center, collaborated with Dr. Keith Sullivan in developing a research plan to treat patients with MS by 1) harvesting and cryopreserving their blood stem cells, 2) suppressing their immune system using irradiation, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. (washington.edu)
  • Having less HIV in the body gives the immune system a chance to recover and fight off infections and cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off infections and cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • If left untreated, HIV will attack the immune system and eventually progress to AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Development of new therapies has been hindered by the lack of appropriate animal model systems for some important viruses and also because of the difficulty in conducting human clinical trials for diseases that are rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscular
  • New research suggests that bipolar disorder is actually a neurological disease genetically related to Parkinson's disease Catalepsy is a nervous disorder characterized by immobility and muscular rigidity, along with a decreased sensitivity to pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • circulatory
  • Since CCMs are low flow lesions (they are hooked into the venous side of the circulatory system), they will be angiographically occult (invisible). (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • Acute and late radiation damage to the central nervous system (CNS) may lead to changes in motor function and behavior, or neurological disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Possible acute and late risks to the CNS from galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) and solar proton events (SPEs) are a documented concern for human exploration of our solar system. (wikipedia.org)
  • withdrawal
  • All levels of the central nervous system appear to be involved, but a classic feature of physical dependence is the "abstinence" or "withdrawal" syndrome. (britannica.com)
  • Typically, Naloxone is administered in short intervals with relatively small doses in order to prevent the occurrence of withdrawal, pain, and sympathetic nervous system activation. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • C. C. Chi, and J. P. Flynn, The Effects of Hypothalamic and Reticular Stimulation on Evoked Responses in the Visual System of the Cat, Electroenceph. (springer.com)
  • In this chapter, discussion will be restricted to the effects of alcohol consumption on the central nervous system in adults as well as fetuses. (springer.com)
  • Naloxone is an opioid antagonist and reverses the central nervous depressive effects seen in opioid overdose. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • As a Neurogenetics laboratory, we study the cellular mechanisms of multiple central nervous cell types differentiated from stem cells derived from patients with monogenic causes of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer disease and ALS. (washington.edu)
  • systematic
  • We are, however, of the opinion that during a systematic study of the figures showing the functional systems in part IV, perusal of the accompanying text will be necessary. (springer.com)
  • Although a large body of data about the structure of the central nervous system of cartilaginous fishes has now been accumulated, a systematic survey of the neuromorphology of this, in so many respects, highly interesting group of animals is lacking. (springer.com)
  • parts
  • The central nervous system is so named because it integrates information it receives from, and coordinates and influences the activity of, all parts of the bodies of bilaterally symmetric animals-that is, all multicellular animals except sponges and radially symmetric animals such as jellyfish-and it contains the majority of the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • often spread directly into the central nervous system, causing one of the common forms of meningitis. (britannica.com)
  • ADHD (often highly debated & controversial) is now largely considered to be a genuine organic disorder of the nervous system, according to the United States government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poorly defined margins may be more suggestive of astrocytoma, while a central location in the spinal cord, hemorrhage, and hemosiderin staining are often seen with ependymoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • activation
  • The demyelinating lesion presents T-cells and macrophages around blood vessels, with preservation of oligodendrocytes and signs of complement system activation. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • Computational neuroscience focuses on the description of biologically plausible neurons (and neural systems ) and their physiology and dynamics, and it is therefore not concerned with biologically unrealistic disciplines such as connectionism , machine learning , artificial neural networks , artificial intelligence and computational learning theory . (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterograde and retrograde tracing techniques allow the detailed descriptions of neuronal projections from a single neuron or a defined population of neurons to their various targets throughout the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • The term 'computational neuroscience' was introduced by Eric L. Schwartz , who organized a conference, held in 1985 in Carmel, California , at the request of the Systems Development Foundation to provide a summary of the current status of a field which until that point was referred to by a variety of names, such as neural modeling, brain theory and neural networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first graduate educational program in computational neuroscience was organized as the Computational and Neural Systems Ph.D. program at the California Institute of Technology in 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are expressed in distinct, but often interconnected, areas of the developing nervous system and in some non-neural tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, the neural tube establishes the anterior-posterior dimension of the nervous system, which is called the neuraxis. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • Multiple system atrophy (MSA), also known as Shy-Drager syndrome, is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by tremors, slow movement, muscle rigidity, and postural instability (collectively known as parkinsonism) due to dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, and ataxia. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • Computational neuroscience (also known as theoretical neuroscience or mathematical neuroscience ) is a branch of neuroscience which employs mathematical models, theoretical analysis and abstractions of the brain to understand the principles that govern the development , structure , physiology and cognitive abilities of the nervous system . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is due to a developmental difference, where in the embryo, the male zebra finch produces testosterone, which is transformed into estradiol in the brain, which in turn leads to the development of the nervous system for a song system. (wikipedia.org)
  • multiple
  • Many people affected by multiple system atrophy experience dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, which commonly manifests as orthostatic hypotension, impotence, loss of sweating, dry mouth and urinary retention and incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • These terms and their distinctions have been dropped in recent (1996 onwards) medical usage and replaced with MSA and its subtypes, but are helpful to understanding the older literature about this disease: The current terminology and diagnostic criteria for the disease were established at a 2007 conference of experts on the disease and set forth in the "Second consensus statement on the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isoform 3 and 4 have multiple differences in the central coding region but maintain the reading frame compared to isoform 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • It is now recognized that the disease is broadly distributed throughout the contiguous United States and occurs as far north as Canada and as far south as Central America and parts of South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • The Controlled Substances Act follows the Single Convention's lead in granting a public health authority a central role in drug-scheduling decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Over the course of the novels, Tally struggles to maintain her sense of self within a society that literally alters how people think and ultimately succeeds in undoing the system of mind alteration. (wikipedia.org)