• vaccine
  • In a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , Benjamin Dewals of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Liège in Belgium and his team report that they have discovered the gene that enables AlHV-1 infection to progress to MCF, and they have developed a vaccine against the disease. (phys.org)
  • When the researchers infected these rabbits with normal AlHV-1, the rabbits did not develop the disease, indicating that the knockout virus could be act as a vaccine. (phys.org)
  • The vaccine protects cattle against the deadly East Coast Fever (ECF), which kills two cows every minute - one million a year - causing economic losses of US$189 million in the 11 countries in eastern and southern Africa where the disease is endemic. (scidev.net)
  • The disease has been conquered using a vaccine and a programme of education implemented by the FAO. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Scientists at the university`s College of Veterinary Medicine have completed initial testing of a new vaccine they say promises to protect cattle from brucellosis without most of the drawbacks of the vaccine currently in use. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The new vaccine appears to provide protection for cattle ``not statistically different`` from that provided by the current vaccine, known as strain 19, without the complications that accompany it, Adams explained. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In May 2010, a vaccine to protect cattle against East Coast fever reportedly had been approved and registered by the governments of Kenya, Malawi and Tanzania. (wikipedia.org)
  • calves
  • In cattle, the infection causes spontaneous abortions, calf deaths, calves with low birth weights and reduced milk production. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In a study among Holstein calves published in the scientific journal BMC Genetics they have discovered a hitherto undescribed disease among animals - a facial deformation they have chosen to call Facial Dysplasia Syndrome. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers have discovered the genetic mutation that is the cause of the disease among calves and traced it back to one particular breeding bull. (eurekalert.org)
  • The bull has now been put down to prevent further cases of the disease among new-born calves. (eurekalert.org)
  • After having received information from veterinarians of calves with facial deformations, Jørgen Agerholm went looking for more cases in his network of cattle veterinarians, including on Facebook. (eurekalert.org)
  • This gene was sequenced in the calves' genome, and the researchers were then able to determine that a mutation in this gene had caused the disease among the calves. (eurekalert.org)
  • This means that the calves developed the deformation when the mutation was passed on from either the mother or father and not from both the mother and the father, which is the case with many hereditary diseases. (eurekalert.org)
  • Our aim was always to lower the number of sick and dead calves, as some hereditary diseases are very painful and invalidating. (eurekalert.org)
  • rinderpest
  • 25 June 2011, Rome - Flanked by Presidents, Vice-Presidents, Ministers and other international dignitaries, FAO Director-General Jacques Diouf today unveiled a commemorative plaque to celebrate global freedom from rinderpest, or cattle plague, one of history's deadliest animal diseases and a long-time threat to human livelihoods and food security. (fao.org)
  • The global eradication of rinderpest, achieved under an FAO coordinated programme, makes the virus the first animal disease to be eliminated from its natural setting thanks to human efforts and international cooperation, and only the second disease of any kind to be eradicated, after smallpox in humans. (fao.org)
  • The total eradication of rinderpest - a disease that decimated cattle, buffalo and many other animal species, both domestic and wild - is proof of this today. (fao.org)
  • Scientists have announced that they expect to be able to announce the worldwide eradication of the cattle disease rinderpest during the next 18 months. (fwi.co.uk)
  • The disease has not been seen in Europe since the early 1900s, but rinderpest remained a serious problem in sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia until the late 1990s. (fwi.co.uk)
  • When rinderpest was introduced into sub-Saharan Africa at the end of the 19th century it killed off 80-90% of all cattle in the region. (fwi.co.uk)
  • occurs
  • This acute and lethal lymphoproliferative disease occurs after a prolonged asymptomatic incubation period after transmission. (phys.org)
  • Ketosis is a very common disease that occurs during early lactation and is due to the cow's metabolism being pushed too hard in order to sustain milk yield. (vegsoc.org)
  • Another form, called January disease, only occurs over the winter months in Zimbabwe due to the tick lifecycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • nasal
  • When wildebeest enter grazing areas, young wildebeest spread the virus through their nasal secretions, infecting cattle. (phys.org)
  • species
  • Wildebeests carry asymptomatically alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1), a γ-herpesvirus inducing malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) to several ruminant species (including cattle). (phys.org)
  • The banteng (/ˈbæntɛŋ/) (Bos javanicus), also known as tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • ticks
  • This consists of cryopreserved sporozoites from crushed ticks, but it is expensive and can cause disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Control of the disease relies on control of ticks of domestic animals, particularly disease-resistant ticks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pesticides (acaricides) are applied in dipping baths or spray races, and cattle breeds with good ability to acquire immune resistance to the vector ticks are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ticks and tick-borne diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this research, Nuttall visited sea-bird colonies and became interested in ticks, arthropods that often infest sea birds as well as other vertebrates, and can act as vectors for disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phenomenon of nonviraemic or nonsystemic transmission turns out to be widespread - it has been subsequently observed with many other viruses transmitted by ticks, black flies and mosquitos, including major human pathogens such as West Nile virus, as well as other pathogens, including the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are various options for controlling ticks of domestic animals, including: topical application of parasiticidal chemicals in dip baths or spray races or pour-on formulations, spraying parasiticides on walls of cattle pens, and rendering the walls of cattle pens smooth with mortar to stop ticks molting there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Selection of cattle for good ability to acquire immune resistance to ticks is potentially effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogens
  • Mississippi State -- Mississippi State University researchers are developing a biological map of how three tiny pathogens cause big losses for cattle producers each year. (cattletoday.com)
  • veterinary
  • On 27 June, chief veterinary officers and other experts from around the world will meet at FAO Headquarters to discuss measures to safeguard remaining samples of virus and vaccines in laboratories, and to assess risks and response requirements in the fight against other high impact diseases. (fao.org)
  • And of course it also improves the financial situation of the cattle owners, who are able to minimise losses', explains Jørgen Agerholm, who is also Head of the Section for Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. (eurekalert.org)
  • The veterinary department informed me that approximately 50 cattle have died because of babesiosis, a tick-borne disease," he said. (co.zm)
  • In my veterinary practice of more than twenty years, which has been devoted in large part to cattle, with special reference to the disease of abortion, I have found that in nearly every case of abortion, except such as were caused by a fall, a kick or other absolute violence, the germs of the disease were in both the cow and the foetus. (oldandsold.com)
  • He made important contributions to veterinary medicine and published, among others, about the natural causes of cattle diseases (Leeuwarden, 1765). (wikipedia.org)
  • Zealand
  • The initial outbreak in July led to concerns that the disease that could affect market access for New Zealand's diary products, but led only to a brief dip in the New Zealand dollar. (reuters.com)
  • News in July of the country's first confirmed cases briefly knocked the New Zealand dollar given the importance of the cattle industry for the economy. (independent.ie)
  • infectious
  • This marked the first time that an arthropod had been definitively linked with the transmission of an infectious disease and presaged the eventual discovery of insects as important vectors in a number of diseases (see yellow fever, malaria). (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccination
  • The most commonly used clostridial vaccination in cattle is the 7-way type which protects against Clostridium chauveoi (blackleg), Clostridium septicum and Clostridium sordelli (malignant edema), Clostridium novyi (black disease), and three types of Clostridium perfringens (enterotoxemia). (cattletoday.info)
  • affects
  • She then worked with ornithologist Chris Perrins trying to identify the virus responsible for puffinosis, a disease that affects the Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) sea bird. (wikipedia.org)
  • animal
  • The UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation says it will be the first time in history that humankind has succeeded in killing off an animal disease. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Research results like these will heighten the animal welfare by limiting the spread of such diseases. (eurekalert.org)
  • commonly
  • Mastitis is commonly caused by poor hygiene in cubicle houses and milking parlours, especially where cattle are forced to lie in damp and dirty conditions. (vegsoc.org)
  • Scientists
  • Scientists at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, MA, U.S. extracted DNA from banteng cells kept in the San Diego Zoo's "Frozen Zoo" facility, and transferred it into eggs from domesticated cattle, a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Infected cattle develop MCF, which causes immune cell production to spin out of control, leading to death within a few weeks. (phys.org)
  • Before it was understood or accepted that abortion is a disease, the act of abortion or prematurely expelling the foetus, was attributed to numberless causes and conditions. (oldandsold.com)
  • Major cattle diseases, their causes, symptoms and treatment. (dmoztools.net)
  • spread
  • Two other nearby farms suspected of being affected by the disease were being tested and restrictions have been placed on the movement of animals to prevent any spread, the Ministry of Primary Industries said in a statement. (reuters.com)
  • The disease is spread by close contact between animals and does not pose a food safety risk or any risk to humans. (reuters.com)
  • Information on this disease, its clinical signs, how it is spread and how it is controlled in Canada. (dmoztools.net)
  • Information on this disease of cattle, its transmission and spread, its clinical signs, diagnosis and what is being done to prevent its entry into Canada. (dmoztools.net)
  • These prevent the spread of cattle diseases, such as Foot-and-mouth disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Later on (day 5 to day 10 from the clinical onset), temperature will lower to a normal range (38.0-39.5°C), but the disease will continue to progress, despite a possible apparent clinical improvement (appetite comes back). (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Genome sequencing will be even more important to agriculture in the future as it becomes useful for unlocking the mysteries of disease. (cattletoday.com)
  • While this is the first and most common application of the term, the second, and by far the most important designation, is that of the disease which is the cause of perhaps ninety per cent of "calf slinking. (oldandsold.com)
  • Zimbabwe
  • It has been reported that most of the cattle from Zimbabwe enter Zambia at Chief Mweemba's area. (co.zm)
  • known
  • As our picture grows and as more and more test results come back, the greater our confidence that the disease is being well contained on the known infected properties," he said. (independent.ie)
  • protect
  • Mr Mulenga has also urged villagers in Sinazongwe and Mweemba chiefdoms to out and protect their cattle from contracting the disease. (co.zm)
  • calf
  • Some would even carry the calf full time, but the germs of the disease would remain in the system of both the cow and the calf, causing trouble later for both. (oldandsold.com)
  • Genetics
  • Thirty embryos were created and sent to Trans Ova Genetics, which implanted the fertilized eggs in domestic cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • The ultimate goal of the MSU research team is to accelerate disease research by enhancing the genomic tools used to explore how bacteria cause disease. (cattletoday.com)
  • common
  • But the most common theory, and one still widely accepted even by those who recognize abortion as a disease, is that the malady is caused by ergot or smut on grasses, corn and other grains. (oldandsold.com)
  • human
  • The human disease thus helped the researchers in the process of identifying the gene mutation. (eurekalert.org)
  • The OTM rule imposed an automatic ban on all older cattle from entering the human food chain. (vegsoc.org)
  • Subject to negative BSE testing, the new system will allow UK cattle born after 31st July 1996 to be slaughtered and sold for human consumption. (vegsoc.org)
  • New legislation states that cattle born before 1 August 1996 cannot be slaughtered for human consumption and consignment of these animals to a fresh meat slaughterhouse will be an offence. (vegsoc.org)