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  • peripherally inserted
  • A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC or PIC line), less commonly called a percutaneous indwelling central catheter, is a form of intravenous access that can be used for a prolonged period of time (e.g., for long chemotherapy regimens, extended antibiotic therapy, or total parenteral nutrition) or for administration of substances that should not be done peripherally (e.g., antihypotensive agents a.k.a. pressors). (wikipedia.org)
  • salvage
  • Current Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines cite insufficient evidence to support adjunctive ethanol-lock therapy (ELT) for central venous catheter (CVC) salvage in patients with CLABSI in combination with systemic antimicrobial treatment. (ivteam.com)
  • METHODS: We collected data on all patients treated with adjunctive 70% ELT for catheter salvage from September 2009 to September 2011 and assessed clinical outcomes and adverse events associated with ELT. (ivteam.com)
  • Catheter salvage successful" if catheter in place >3 months with no recurrence of bacteraemia or death. (bestbets.org)
  • veins
  • The port is made up of a portal body, which is connected by a catheter inserted into one of the veins. (gosh.nhs.uk)
  • It is a catheter that enters the body through the skin (percutaneously) at a peripheral site, extends to the superior vena cava (a central venous trunk), and stays in place (dwells within the veins) for days or weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • First described in 1975, it is an alternative to central venous catheters in major veins such as the subclavian vein, the internal jugular vein or the femoral vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • vein
  • If the study doctor and/or your primary doctor suspects that you have a mixed infection (2 or more certain types of bacteria) or pneumonia, you will also be treated with different types of antibiotics, by vein or mouth, in combination with the study drug. (knowcancer.com)
  • Another general session presentation will concern the infection danger associated with long-term central vein catheters. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Patients admitted into the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) have an intravenous (IV) catheter (small plastic tube) placed in their vein. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The catheter is introduced into the vein by a needle (similar to blood drawing), which is subsequently removed while the small tube of the cannula remains in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intravenous systems can be categorized by which type of vein the inserted tube, called the catheter, empties into. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central IV lines have their catheters that are advanced through a vein and empty into a large central vein (a vein within the torso), usually the superior vena cava, inferior vena cava or even the right atrium of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several types of central IV access, depending on the route that the catheter takes from the outside of the body to the vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PICC line is inserted through a sheath into a peripheral vein sometimes using the Seldinger technique or modified Seldinger technique, under ultrasound guidance, usually in the arm, and then carefully advanced upward until the catheter is in the superior vena cava or the right atrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much as with VAE, another opportunity for bloodstream infection occurs during MST's second open-to-air event, created by the withdrawal of the guidewire and dilator from the vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a central line infection is suspected in a person, blood cultures are taken from both the catheter and a vein elsewhere in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • PICC
  • The overall PICC BSI rate was 3.13 per 1,000 catheter-days. (nih.gov)
  • We identified several novel factors related to PICC BSIs. (nih.gov)
  • To decrease the risk of infection, particularly a blood stream infection, those involved in the management of the PICC must adhere to strict infection control procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood pressure should not be taken on the arm with a PICC, which is a problem if there are reasons not to take pressure on the other arm, such as a dialysis shunt, absence, cast, infection, lymph node removal, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • For such indications, a Hickman line, a PICC line, or a Port-a-Cath may be considered because of their smaller infection risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • sepsis
  • Bacteremia is clinically distinct from sepsis, which is a condition where the blood stream infection is associated with an inflammatory response from the body, often causing abnormalities in body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, and white blood cell count. (wikipedia.org)
  • securement
  • Because chlorhexidine-containing catheter securement dressings may reduce the risk of CRBSI, researchers evaluated dressing efficacy by enrolling 613 patients who received care in 10 German hematology departments. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • antibiotics
  • Healthcare providers have addressed it with prophylactic antibiotics, handwashing, and techniques to maintain sterility, but up until now there hasn't been a product that can successfully reduce infection risk once the device is in the body. (stonybrook.edu)
  • In patients with chronic infections involving the exit site or tunnel portion of peritoneal dialysis catheters, treatment with antibiotics and local care is often unsuccessful. (ebscohost.com)
  • We plan to test the following hypothesis: a multifaceted treatment approach that consists of immediate removal of the indwelling bladder catheter, selecting antibiotics based on the finding from a urine culture that is obtained through the newly inserted catheter, and a 5-day course of systemic antibiotics will effectively treat catheter-related infection that is limited to the lower urinary tract of patients with spinal cord injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore, we propose that collection of a urine culture while inserting the new bladder catheter would yield growth of only organisms that truly contribute to UTI and, therefore, obviate the need to administer unnecessary antibiotics to cover additional organisms that would grow only from urine cultures obtained through the original catheter. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Since catheter-free, able-bodied patients with lower UTI are successfully treated with courses of antibiotics as short as 1-3 days, we propose that by removing the focus of infection (i.e. the original catheter) a 5-day course of systemic antibiotics would be sufficient for treating catheter-related lower UTI in patients with spinal cord injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Generally, antibiotics are used, and occasionally the catheter will have to be removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the catheter is removed without giving antibiotics, 38% of people may still develop endocarditis. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials found linezolid to be more effective than glycopeptide antibiotics (such as vancomycin and teicoplanin) and beta-lactam antibiotics in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) caused by Gram-positive bacteria, and smaller studies appear to confirm its superiority over teicoplanin in the treatment of all serious Gram-positive infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Risk factors and prognosis of catheter-related bloodstream infection in critically ill patients: a multicenter study. (springer.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control, patients in U.S. healthcare facilities suffer over 1.5 million healthcare associated infections annually. (stonybrook.edu)
  • Dr. Thanassi's laboratory works with bacteria that cause urinary tract infections, and these bacteria are particularly problematic for patients with catheters.The research team also will be testing for cytotoxicity with human cells in the laboratory. (stonybrook.edu)
  • It notes that it is used in therapy for complicated skin and skin structure infection (cSSSI), which is caused by gram-positive bacteria, in adult patients. (ebscohost.com)
  • The specific objective of this clinical trial is to demonstrate that a multifaceted approach for treatment for catheter-related urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with spinal cord injury is effective and feasible. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • he application of chlorhexidine dressings may reduce the incidence of definite or probable catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, according to a study published in the journal Annals of Oncology . (physiciansweekly.com)
  • RESULTS: 7 studies were identified with a total of 624 patients and 819 catheters (448 tunneled, 371 nontunneled). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Viridans group streptococci (VGS), a leading cause of bloodstream infection (BSI) in cancer patients, are thought to arise from the gastrointestinal tract. (ivteam.com)
  • In the Keystone Initiative, a 2003 study by a collection of Michigan hospitals and health organizations, the median rate of infections at a typical ICU dropped from 2.7 per 1,000 patients to zero after three months. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important for patients to avoid as much TPN related change as possible in their lifestyles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical activity is also highly encouraged, but patients must avoid contact sports (equipment damage) and swimming (infection). (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection is a common cause of death in these patients, with a mortality rate of approximately 15% per infection, and death usually results from septic shock. (wikipedia.org)
  • systematic review
  • Burden of endemic health-care-associated infection in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis," The Lancet , vol. 377, no. 9761, pp. 228-241, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • A 2012 systematic review reported that topical silver showed a significantly worsened healing time compared to controls and showed no evidence of effectiveness in preventing wound infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • lumen
  • As there is room for multiple parallel compartments (lumen) within the catheter, so that multiple medications can be delivered at once even if they would not be chemically compatible within a single tube. (wikipedia.org)
  • intervention
  • An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU," New England Journal of Medicine , vol. 355, no. 26, pp. 2725-2732, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • According to UNICEF, turning hand washing with soap before eating and after using the toilet into an ingrained habit can save more lives than any single vaccine or medical intervention, cutting deaths from diarrhea by almost half and deaths from acute respiratory infections by one-quarter. (wikipedia.org)
  • CRBSI
  • Catheter lock solution in home parenteral nutrition (HPN) / total parenteral nutrition (TPN): CRBSI remains the most common serious complication associated with long-term parenteral nutrition HPN/TPN. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripherally inserted
  • A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC or PIC line), less commonly called a percutaneous indwelling central catheter, is a form of intravenous access that can be used for a prolonged period of time (e.g., for long chemotherapy regimens, extended antibiotic therapy, or total parenteral nutrition) or for administration of substances that should not be done peripherally (e.g., antihypotensive agents a.k.a. pressors). (wikipedia.org)
  • salvage
  • Current Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines cite insufficient evidence to support adjunctive ethanol-lock therapy (ELT) for central venous catheter (CVC) salvage in patients with CLABSI in combination with systemic antimicrobial treatment. (ivteam.com)
  • METHODS: We collected data on all patients treated with adjunctive 70% ELT for catheter salvage from September 2009 to September 2011 and assessed clinical outcomes and adverse events associated with ELT. (ivteam.com)
  • Catheter salvage successful" if catheter in place >3 months with no recurrence of bacteraemia or death. (bestbets.org)
  • veins
  • The port is made up of a portal body, which is connected by a catheter inserted into one of the veins. (gosh.nhs.uk)
  • It is a catheter that enters the body through the skin (percutaneously) at a peripheral site, extends to the superior vena cava (a central venous trunk), and stays in place (dwells within the veins) for days or weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • First described in 1975, it is an alternative to central venous catheters in major veins such as the subclavian vein, the internal jugular vein or the femoral vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sharps
  • A sharps container is a hard plastic container that is used to safely dispose of hypodermic needles and other sharp medical instruments, such as an IV catheters and disposable scalpels. (wikipedia.org)
  • pacemaker
  • cardiology, including coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty, plus facilities for cardiac electrophysiology and catheter ablation, pacemaker insertion, implantable cardiac defibrillator, transcatheter structural heart procedures such as valve implantation intensive care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Some causes of tachycardia include: Adrenergic storm Alcohol Amphetamine Anaemia Antiarrhythmic agents Anxiety Atrial fibrillation Atrial flutter Atrial tachycardia AV nodal reentrant tachycardia Brugada syndrome Caffeine Cocaine Exercise Fear Fever Hypoglycemia Hypovolemia Hyperthyroidism Hyperventilation Infection Junctional tachycardia Methamphetamine Multifocal atrial tachycardia Nicotine Pacemaker mediated Pain Pheochromocytoma Sinus tachycardia Tricyclic antidepressants Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome An electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to classify the type of tachycardia. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • This study will also look at specific substances called biomarkers in your blood, and in the tumor tissue which are involved in the growth of tumor cells, and determine if the levels of these biomarkers are related to your response to treatment or development of side effects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Hospital
  • Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heart
  • Other may be effectively treated with catheter based procedures or heart surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms are related to type and severity of the heart defect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, NKX2-5 is associated with defects in the electrical conduction of the heart and TBX5 is related to the Holt-Oram syndrome which includes electrical conduction defects and abnormalities of the upper limb. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increased heart rate also leads to increased work and oxygen demand by the heart, which can lead to rate related ischemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • To evaluate the rates of disease progression and/or relapse-related mortality. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Strauss speaks frequently to audiences throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle East on topics related to diabetes, HIV disease and patient safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • A medical microbiologist studies the characteristics of pathogens, their modes of transmission, mechanisms of infection and growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • In the majority of cases the damage results from physical trauma such as car accidents, gunshots, falls, or sports injuries, but it can also result from nontraumatic causes such as infection, insufficient blood flow, and tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Fistulas are usually caused by injury or surgery, but they can also result from malignancy, infection, long and obstructed labor, hysterectomy, radiation therapy or inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • The Industrial Associates program continued to be used as a mechanism for the center to get information from industry about significant biofilm-related problems and collaborate on center research initiatives designed to address biofilm issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • Furthermore, they are not confined to multi-crew craft or equipment, but also relate to single operator equipment or craft as they invariably need to interface with other craft or equipment and various other support agencies in order to complete a mission successfully. (wikipedia.org)
  • local
  • This change usually constitutes an opportunistic infection by normally harmless micro-organisms because of local (i.e., mucosal) or systemic factors altering host immunity. (wikipedia.org)