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  • Epidemiology
  • Third, editors and reviewers of epidemiology papers are too often dogmatic in their judgment of the potential for nonresponse bias in population-based studies. (lww.com)
  • Often called "the cornerstone" of public health, epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases, health conditions, or events among populations and the application of that study to control health problems. (coursera.org)
  • Wolfgang Firnhaber, who had already been studying MS epidemiology in Göttingen and Darmstadt, with support from the Hertie Foundation, the German Research Foundation and the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] There was one study done that shows 60 percent of the children with disabilities come forth about being bullied regularly, versus 25 percent of the students who are being bullied with no disabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] All these studies have shown that TBS can be used as a clinical risk factor for osteoporotic fracture since it is reversible (with or without treatment), quantitative and independent of BMD. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • As an example, of the 91,523 women in the Nurses' Health Study who did not have cancer at baseline and who were followed for 14 years, 2,341 women had developed breast cancer by 1993. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypotheses
  • Although multiple hypotheses have been suggested as potential triggers that cause vitiligo, studies strongly imply that changes in the immune system are responsible for the condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • subjects
  • Individuals exposed to the agent under study (index subjects) are followed over time and their health status is observed and recorded during the course of the study. (gfmer.ch)
  • In order to compare the occurrence of disease in exposed subjects with its occurrence in non-exposed subjects, the health status of a group of individuals not exposed to the agent under study (control subjects) is followed in the same way as that of the group of index subjects. (gfmer.ch)
  • The relative risk is the ratio of the incidence rate of index subjects to that of control subjects. (gfmer.ch)
  • In fact, a critical and challenging aspect of population-based case-control study designs is how to develop a scientifically sound and cost-effective method for identifying and enrolling control subjects. (lww.com)
  • Ideally, this base is the population that spawned the case subjects. (lww.com)
  • The defined population base will depend on the source of case subjects: medical practices or hospitals, health plans, or population-based registries. (lww.com)
  • Furthermore, when using hospital- or clinic-based control subjects, we must guard against the potential for unrecognized shared causes for the case-defining disease and the diseases or conditions of patients selected for recruitment as control subjects. (lww.com)
  • RDD has been a favored method for identifying population-based control subjects. (lww.com)
  • equally
  • Although specifically concerned with malaria, many of these issues are equally relevant to case-control studies of other infectious and parasitic diseases in a tropical environment. (omicsonline.org)
  • A 2013 study found that CCSVI is equally rare in people with and without MS, while narrowing of the cervical veins is equally common. (wikipedia.org)
  • participants
  • In this situation, one may choose to assay all of the cases, and also, for each case, select a certain number of women to assay from the risk set of participants who have not yet failed (i.e. those who have not developed breast cancer before the particular case in question has developed breast cancer). (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk set is often restricted to those participants who are matched to the case on variables such as age, which reduces the variability of effect estimates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the covariate is not measured for all participants, the nested case control model is both less expensive than a full cohort analysis and more efficient than taking a simple random sample from the full cohort. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychiatric
  • In some cases these substance induced psychiatric disorders can persist long after detoxification, such as prolonged psychosis or depression after amphetamine or cocaine abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most cases these drug induced psychiatric disorders fade away with prolonged abstinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Ways to account for the random sampling include conditional logistic regression, and using inverse probability weighting to adjust for missing covariates among those who are not selected into the study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the incident cases, 367 men died from prostate cancer. (lww.com)
  • Programme
  • There are many known cases in which the disabled have been abused by staff of a care institution, such as the case revealed in a BBC Panorama programme on a Castlebeck care home (Winterbourne View) near Bristol which led to its closure and the suspension or dismissal of some of the staff. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • One study found less than 30% of 1031 potential promoter regions contain a putative TATA box motif in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • Cases and controls generally are matched according to specific characteristics (eg, age, sex, or duration of disease) to reduce by these variables. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • While scholars differ on conceptualizations of homelessness, whether it is a just temporary state through which people pass or if it is a permanent trait that emanates from individual characteristics, studies indicate for families, homelessness is a temporary state that is often resolved by the provision of subsidized housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • logistic regression
  • Failing to do so, such as by treating the cases and selected controls as the original cohort and performing a logistic regression, which is common, can result in biased estimates whose null distribution is different from what is assumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • A study published on Wednesday claims to have found a link between influenza vaccination and miscarriage, and antivaxers are gloating. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • A genomewide association study found approximately 36 independent susceptibility loci for generalized vitiligo. (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect goes to the extent that, when only fully independent studies are considered, no association at all is found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other studies have found age-dependent mortality risks of low-to-moderate alcohol use: an increased risk for individuals aged 16-34 (due to increased risk of cancers, accidents, liver disease, and other factors), but a decreased risk for individuals ages 55+ (due to lower incidence of ischemic heart disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, in a study trying to show that people who smoke (the attribute ) are more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer (the outcome ), the cases would be persons with lung cancer, the controls would be persons without lung cancer (not necessarily healthy), and some of each group would be smokers. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • The results may be confounded by other factors, to the extent of giving the opposite answer to better studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fact that the data is already available for collation and analysis means that a case-control study is useful when quick results are desired, perhaps when clues are sought for what is causing a sudden disease outbreak. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Further studies of the relationship between CCSVI and MS have had variable results, with many failing to reproduce the association between MS and CCSVI. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Dr. Klaus Lauer (born 1950) is a German neuroepidemologist, mostly known for his work on multiple sclerosis (MS). Klaus Joachim Lauer was born in 1950 and studied medicine in Frankfurt (Germany) from 1968 to 1975. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • inclusion of sick people is sometimes appropriate, as the control group should represent those at risk of becoming a case. (wikipedia.org)
  • Should any member of the control population be diagnosed with the disease under study, it must be guaranteed that the individual would be identified as a member of the case group. (lww.com)
  • condition
  • Patients from hospitals and clinics may not represent the case base population if referral patterns vary by disease or condition. (lww.com)
  • population-based
  • Historically, sources of population-based controls for case-control studies have included hospitals and clinics, random-digit dialing (RDD) or telephone directories, electoral rolls and other "population" registers, neighborhood or area surveys, Medicare beneficiary files, and department of motor vehicle (DMV) lists of registered or licensed drivers. (lww.com)
  • another
  • It has been purported that there is a genetic risk factor for NMS, since identical twins have both presented with NMS in one case, and a mother and two of her daughters have presented with NMS in another case. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • In several situations, they have greater statistical power than cohort studies, which must often wait for a 'sufficient' number of disease events to accrue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, even though studies have discovered several similarities, there are other that have observed a notable differences between archaeal and eukaryotic TBP. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • Although more research is needed to determine vitamin D's benefits for adults and year-round symptoms of eczema, study authors encourage parents to discuss these findings with their child's doctor. (digitalsolution.info)
  • The findings in this New England Journal of Medicine are special because prior randomized controlled trials indicated that the nasal spray vaccine (FluMist)-also called live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV)-would work well to protect children and teens from the flu, whereas in actual practice we found that the flu shot worked much better, particularly against the predominant strain, A(H1N1)pdm09. (medicalresearch.com)
  • Preliminary findings from this study were presented to the ACIP in June 2016, which led to the nasal spray vaccine not being recommended in 2016-2017 in the US, although the nasal spray vaccine remains licensed in the US. (medicalresearch.com)
  • novel
  • In this study, we developed and applied a novel method utilizing biochemistry, quantitative proteomics and computational approaches in order to characterize the organization of proteins in a complex. (embopress.org)
  • research
  • This is a pilot study with a cross-sectional research design to recruit Hispanic/Latina and African American adolescent and young adult women , aged 13-24 years to serve as index recruiters, who will in turn recruit members of her female friendship network, aged 13 years and older to undergo HIV screening. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The proposed pilot study will utilize a cross-sectional research design to recruit Hispanic/Latina and African American young women to undergo HIV screening. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study? (medicalresearch.com)
  • It has purpose built archive storage and research facilities and incorporates the local studies library, museums service, archaeology service, Wiltshire buildings record and the conservation service. (wikipedia.org)
  • months
  • Participant self-discloses as HIV negative (based on receiving a negative HIV test within 12 months prior to study consent). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Participant self-discloses as HIV negative (no history of prior HIV testing, or HIV screening more than 12 months prior to date of study consent). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This finding was applied to humans in 1971 when Sterman trained an epileptic to control her seizures through a combination of sensorimotor rhythm and EEG neurotherapy to the extent that she obtained a driver's license after only three months of treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • It's called the BrainGate Neural Interface System and is being developed in partnership with not only Stanford, but researchers and medical professionals at Massachusetts General Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Brown University and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (labroots.com)
  • Within the cell cycle, there is a stringent set of regulations known as the cell cycle control system that controls the timing and coordination of the phases to ensure a correct order of events. (wikipedia.org)
  • five
  • Just five years later, Barry Sterman conducted a revolutionary study on cats at the behest of NASA that proved that cats trained to consciously alter their sensorimotor rhythm were resistant to doses of hydrazine that typically induce seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food
  • In addition to administering Medicare and Medicaid, which together provide health insurance to one in four Americans, HHS also oversees the National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control. (wheelingjesuituniversity.com)
  • March 2001: The US Supreme Court affirmed the Circuit Court's ruling that the Food and Drug Administration could not class tobacco as a pharmaceutical, so could not control its production through the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of the monetization of U.S. food aid, the U.S. provides food commodities for free or under favorable terms to a cooperating sponsor, which could be a recipient country's government or an NGO working there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • Hip dosage of methylprednisolone and prednisolone equivalent additional 21-hydroxy wavelets should be reserved for the most positive, results hepatic to control tablets orbital to quickly documented intent-to-treat for blood steroids. (420surveillance.com)
  • Healthy studies examining immunosuppressive therapy may suddenly include the hyperphagia of prednisolone use in eyes profiles with a results more psychogeriatric absence. (eyfel.de)
  • great
  • Organ chips are great for studying parts of the human body that are challenging to explore. (labroots.com)
  • AFRM prides itself on great success rates with the most challenging of cases in male infertility, including treating men with non-obstructive azoospermia, or sperm counts of zero when there is not a blockage as the source of the problem, but rather a lack of sufficient sperm production. (austinfertility.com)
  • found
  • Thornberry and Christenson (1984) analysed data from a longitudinal cohort study of delinquency in Philadelphia and found (at p405): Unemployment exerts a rather immediate effect on criminal involvement, while criminal involvement exerts a more long-range effect on unemployment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study found that both social standing in the classes and the employment status of offenders found them more likely to be detained, arrested and prosecuted by Law Enforcement. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • The JRC Nurses' training program required three years of study with the first year dedicated to theory, including courses on anatomy, bandaging, disinfection, hygiene, instruments, women's health, obstetrics, as well as basic assistance of surgery and health treatment and the latter two years involved in practical training. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Despite the availability of several large‐scale proteomics studies aiming to identify protein interactions on a global scale, little is known about how proteins interact and are organized within macromolecular complexes. (embopress.org)
  • Scientists at Trinity College Dublin performed a large-scale international study involving the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, which was published in. (labroots.com)
  • access
  • The TeraStation™ WS5000R2 Series uses the account information registered in the Active Directory server to control access to files and folders stored on the unit. (buffalo-asia.com)
  • Purpose
  • The dam's primary purpose is to control the runoff from 904 square miles (2,340 km2), or about 92 percent, of the watershed of the Stanislaus River, a major tributary of the San Joaquin River. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • Because the JRC was under government control, their hospitals spread to all the major cities and a uniformity of training made the organization a leader in nursing development. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first major study that showed the causal link between smoking and lung cancer was published in a study done by Sir Richard Doll in 1950. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The component of Languages PD: Could you use work about the case of the life of rules? (keepergoals.com)
  • After decades of work with various biofeedback mechanisms, Toomim accidentally stumbled upon conscious control of cerebral blood flow in 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • safety
  • The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • First suspension using the cipro treat chlamydia safety skin, actual study appearance, l-hydl'0xy-120tfluoro-1 hemisuccinaze article, ablation and generic lactose alert after the chart, the state is reluctant. (420surveillance.com)
  • program
  • Going on to nursing study via Indiana University of Pennsylvania ultrasound program , for example, can help you find a rewarding position in the medical services field. (wheelingjesuituniversity.com)
  • traffic
  • Dozens of others could use your trade name or trademark in a variety of industries, but only one of you can be smart enough to control the .Com customer traffic forever. (domainmarket.com)
  • points
  • Some authors will say that the restriction point and the G1/S checkpoint are one and the same, but more recent studies have argued that there are two different points in the G1 phase that check the progression of the cell. (wikipedia.org)