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  • prevalence
  • PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to report the prevalence of the lesions of the articular cartilage of the femoral condyles and tibial plateau in patients with a symptomatic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee undergoing day-case arthroscopy. (unisa.it)
  • patients
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients with more advanced degenerative changes, the time from injury to arthroscopy was significantly longer than in patients with lesser articular surface abnormalities, and the presence of a meniscal tear was associated with a greater degree of articular cartilage damage. (unisa.it)
  • Patients with a symptomatic ACL-deficient knee and an associated tear of the medial meniscus are at high risk of having a lesion of the articular surface of the weight bearing area of the knee. (unisa.it)
  • arthroscopy
  • If the injury is restricted to the cartilage, it will not show up in an X-ray, but can be found by means of arthroscopy (using a special instrument to look inside the joint). (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Dr. Steadman has also adapted the surgery into a treatment to help reattach torn ligaments (a technique he calls the "healing response") The surgery is performed by arthroscopy, after the joint is cleaned of calcified cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • arthroscopic
  • L. Hangody, G. Kish, Z. Karpati, I. Szerb, and I. Udvarhelyi, "Arthroscopic autogenous osteochondral mosaicplasty for the treatment of femoral condylar articular defects. (hindawi.com)
  • Dr. Khay-Yong Saw and his team evaluated the quality of the repair knee cartilage after arthroscopic microdrilling (also microfracture) surgery followed by post-operative injections of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) in combination with hyaluronic acid(HA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Injury
  • Injury to the cartilage will normally produce symptoms of pain, swelling, clicking, sometimes locking and sometimes sensations of instability. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Orthopedic surgeons specializing in the lower extremity will find this book to be an excellent resource that they can consult to guide them in the treatment of patients with articular cartilage injury of the knee. (ovid.com)
  • When there is a direct trauma to the knee or when the knee turns or twists beyond the cartilage's ability to support it, the result is articular cartilage injury, also called chondral injury. (tria.com)
  • The microfractures are treated as an injury by the body, which is why the surgery results in new, replacement cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation
  • This short term solution is not considered an articular cartilage repair procedure but rather a palliative treatment to reduce pain, mechanical restriction and inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Costochondritis: Inflammation of cartilage in the ribs, causing chest pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her most noticeable work has documented the biological responses of cartilage and intervertebral disc to mechanical loading, understanding a role for collagen genetic mutations in onset of arthritis and intervertebral disc pathology, development of injectable hydrogels for articular cartilage repair, and development of injectable drug delivery vehicles for fighting inflammation in musculoskeletal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanical
  • Understanding the changes in mechanical tissues properties during growth is a critical step in advancing strategies for orthopedics and for cell- and biomaterial- based therapies dedicated to cartilage repair. (springer.com)
  • Armstrong CG, Mow VC (1982) Variations in the intrinsic mechanical properties of human articular cartilage with age, degeneration, and water content. (springer.com)
  • Burgin LV, Edelsten L, Aspden RM (2014) The mechanical and material properties of elderly human articular cartilage subject to impact and slow loading. (springer.com)
  • Polymeric hydrogels are capable of physiological swelling and greasing, and they possess the mechanical behavior required for use as articular cartilage substitutes. (hindawi.com)
  • In order to make use of these hydrogels, cartilage implants were formulated in the laboratory to demonstrate the bionic mechanical behaviors of physiological cartilage. (hindawi.com)
  • hydrogels
  • Hydrogels possess the ability to form multifunctional cartilage grafts since they possess polymeric swellability upon immersion in an aqueous phase. (hindawi.com)
  • femoral
  • We tested cartilage on the medial femoral condyle and lateral femoral condyle of seven C57Bl6 mice at different ages (2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, and 17 weeks old) using a micro-indentation test. (springer.com)
  • relates
  • A comprehensive reference that combines the basic scientific knowledge of articular cartilage as it relates to patient health and disease with patient-focused diagnosis and treatment options. (ovid.com)
  • mechanisms
  • Some additional examples of cartilage failure mechanisms include cellular matrix linkage rupture, chondrocyte protein synthesis inhibition, and chondrocyte apoptosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • superficial
  • This new research, presented to a gathering of many of the world's top cartilage researchers and orthopedic surgeons, examined how non-ablative radiofrequency energy can preferentially increase articular cartilage Superficial Zone live chondron density. (prweb.com)
  • functional
  • Brommer H, Brama PAJ, Laasanen MS, Helminen HJ, van Weeren PR, Jurvelin JS (2005) Functional adaptation of articular cartilage from birth to maturity under the influence of loading: a biomechanical analysis. (springer.com)
  • Resetting functional chondron density patterns may have the potential to create a more chondro-supportive environment for articular cartilage as it inherently responds to disease. (prweb.com)
  • inhibit
  • moreover, a recent study has found that many NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, fenoprofen, sodium salicylate, sodium tometin) actually inhibit the repair processes involved with the articular cartilage of joints. (drnafei.com)
  • posterior
  • It originates from the lateral edge of the medial femoral condyle and the roof of the intercondyle notch then stretches, at a posterior and lateral angle, toward the posterior of the tibia just below its articular surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anular ligament is attached by both its ends to the anterior and posterior margins of the radial notch of the ulna, together with which it forms the articular surface that surrounds the head and neck of the radius. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Genome-wide significant signals were followed up by analysing gene and allele-specific expression in a RNA sequencing dataset (n=96) of human articular cartilage. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Organic Sulfide: Sulfur is an important mineral element that constitutes a human body structure, including skin, hair, nails, internal organs and articular cartilage.Doctors pointed out that MSM (methylthiomide methane, organic sulfide) can help cartilage matrix support, equivalent to elastin, and can strengthen the strength of ligament cells, increase the amount of mucus secretion. (hkbiotek.com)
  • The human body's own cartilage is still the best material for lining knee joints. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chitinase activity can also be detected in human blood and possibly cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • although
  • But in the adult forms of osteichthyans (bony fish) and their descendants (amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals), the cartilage was covered in bone - although in their embryos the jaw initially develops as the Meckelian Cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilaginous
  • In early fish and in chondrichthyans (cartilaginous fish such as sharks), the Meckelian Cartilage continued to be the main component of the lower jaw. (wikipedia.org)