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  • Tibetan
  • It would be rash to attempt a translation of these tracts into English without aid or direction--nor would the present writer have undertaken such a task--but, unfortunately, there is a parallel translation from the Tibetan in Vassilief's History of Buddhism (Second Supplement, p. 222). (sacred-texts.com)
  • Daring Steps Toward Fearlessness: The Three Vehicles of Tibetan Buddhism, Snow Lion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standard Tibetan: ཉོན་མོངས། nyon mongs), in Buddhism, are mental states that cloud the mind and manifest in unwholesome actions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Tibetan and Japanese Buddhism, Hayagrīva ("having the neck of a horse") is an important deity who originated as a yaksha attendant of Avalokiteśvara or Guanyin Bodhisattva in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several branches of Buddhism, including Chan (including Zen and Seon) and Tibetan Buddhism maintain records of their historical teachers. (wikipedia.org)
  • This lineage for ordaining bhikshunis became extinct in the Theravada school and in Tibetan Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 14th Dalai Lama, in the foreword to Karmapa: The Sacred Prophecy states: Within the context of Tibetan Buddhism, the importance of lineage extends far beyond the ordinary sense of a particular line of inheritance or descent. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Cundi is less well known in Tibetan Buddhism, she is revered in Tangmi or East Asian esoteric Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sanskrit and Pāli
  • A deva (देव Sanskrit and Pāli, Mongolian tenger (тэнгэр)) in Buddhism is one of many different types of non-human beings who share the godlike characteristics of being more powerful, longer-lived, and, in general, much happier than humans, although the same level of veneration is not paid to them as to buddhas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chan
  • After the Yuan, Chan more or less fused with Pure Land Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some scholars have argued that Chan developed from the interaction between Mahāyāna Buddhism and Taoism, while others insist that Chan has roots in yogic practices, specifically kammaṭṭhāna, the consideration of objects, and kasiṇa, total fixation of the mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea of a patriarchal lineage in Chan Buddhism dates back to the epitaph for Fărú (法如 638-689), a disciple of the 5th patriarch, Hóngrĕn (弘忍 601-674). (wikipedia.org)
  • D. T. Suzuki contends that Chan's growth in popularity during the 7th and 8th centuries attracted criticism that it had "no authorized records of its direct transmission from the founder of Buddhism" and that Chan historians made Bodhidharma the 28th patriarch of Buddhism in response to such attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mahayana
  • citation needed] In Japanese Mahayana Buddhism, Hayagriva is considered as a Avalokiteśvara with wrathful form (Batō Kannon 馬頭觀音, lit.Hayagrīva-Avalokiteśvara) , one of the six Avalokiteśvaras intended to save the sentient beings of the six realms: deities (deva), demons (asura), human beings, animals, hungry ghosts, beings of hell. (wikipedia.org)
  • merit
  • Before Buddhism, merit was used with regard to ancestor worship, but in Buddhism it gained a more general ethical meaning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the arising of Buddhism, merit was commonly used in the context of Brahmanical sacrifice, and it was believed that merit accrued through such sacrifice would bring the devotee to an eternal heaven of the 'fathers' (Sanskrit: pitṛ, pitara). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Buddhism, the idea of an eternal heaven was rejected, but it was believed that merit could help achieve a rebirth in a temporary heaven. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • In Zen Buddhism, the most commonly used Japanese words for the abbot of a large Zen temple or Zen monastery are juji and choro. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nir is a negative, while va is commonly taken to refer to "to blow", The term nirvana is part of an extensive metaphorical structure that was probably established at a very early age in Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Category
  • The Sanskrit word smṛti स्मृति (also transliterated variously as smriti, smRti, or sm'Rti) literally means "that which is remembered", and refers both to "mindfulness" in Buddhism and "a category of metrical texts" in Hinduism, considered second in authority to the Śruti scriptures. (wikipedia.org)
  • historically
  • The English word "abbot" is used instead of all the various words that exist in the languages of the countries where Buddhism is, or was historically, well established. (wikipedia.org)
  • The āgamas' existence and similarity to the Sutta Pitaka are sometimes used by scholars to assess to what degree these teachings are a historically authentic representation of the Canon of Early Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • worship
  • Ari practices have largely been categorized as a tantric form of Buddhism, combining elements of Buddhism, nat worship, indigenous nāga worship and Hinduism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Appearing in the Vedas as two separate deities, he was assimilated into the ritual worship of early Buddhism and eventually was identified as a Wisdom King in Vajrayana Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • origins
  • The Ch'an biographical works, however, aimed to establish Ch'an as a legitimate school of Buddhism traceable to its Indian origins, and at the same time championed a particular form of Ch'an. (wikipedia.org)
  • nirvana
  • To extinguish all "Raga" (greed, lust, desire, attachment) is one of the requirements of nirvana (liberation) in Buddhism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The meaning of this metaphor was lost in later Buddhism, and other explanations of the word nirvana were sought. (wikipedia.org)
  • concern
  • Out of a concern for its own survival, Buddhism could not condemn the acquisition of wealth, but it could provide principles for its dispensation-namely, giving and generosity ( dana ). (tikkun.org)
  • Traditions
  • The term was a more or less central concept among the Jains, the Ajivikas, the Buddhists, and certain Hindu traditions, and it may have been imported into Buddhism with much of its semantic range from other sramanic movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • On the other hand, inscriptions in the western Deccan, where Buddhism flourished in the early centuries CE, use the term gahapati to refer to urban merchants. (wikipedia.org)
  • English
  • Minh Thanh Communicative English for Buddhism 0557091608 2009 Page 319 "Aimlessness is stopping and realizing the happiness that is already available. (wikipedia.org)
  • West
  • Since the 1970s, Buddhism has also been gaining popularity in the West. (lausanne.org)
  • Can a network of Christian theologians contribute toward equipping Christians in the West to better understand and engage apologetically with new challenges of Western Buddhism? (lausanne.org)
  • One of the evolving features of Buddhism in the West is the increasing dissolution of the traditional distinction between monastics and laity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese
  • An Account of the Eighteen Principal Schools of Buddhism, from the original Treatise of Vasumitra, translated into Chinese by three separate authors. (sacred-texts.com)
  • The Narakas of Buddhism are closely related to diyu, the hell in Chinese mythology. (wikipedia.org)
  • religion
  • The incomparable loftiness of the monk figure-placid and disinterested, having renounced desire-leads many to think of Buddhism as a religion detached from all worldly concerns, especially those of economy. (tikkun.org)