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  • airway
  • In the western US it was the drug of choice in the late 1970s and early 1980s for nebulization ("breathing treatment") to relieve airway spasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Causes of atelectasis include insufficient attempts at respiration by the newborn, bronchial obstruction, or absence of surfactant (a substance secreted by alveoli that coats the lungs and prevents the surfaces from sticking together). (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • It may also result in spasm of accommodation, aching pain in and about the eye, nystagmus, delayed distal axonopathy and parethesias and paralysis of limbs. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • The resultant inhalation of air that has not been warmed and humidified by the nasal passages seems to generate increased blood flow to the linings of the bronchial tree, resulting in edema. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • my son was exposed to a bleach water solution and ever since then he has experienced episodes of spasms, especially during athletic activities. (healthboards.com)
  • prevent
  • Kittens with this type of FCKS will improve almost immediately, but may require repeated pinching to prevent the spasm from recurring. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiration
  • Causes of atelectasis include insufficient attempts at respiration by the newborn, bronchial obstruction, or absence of surfactant (a substance secreted by alveoli that coats the lungs and prevents the surfaces from sticking together). (wikipedia.org)
  • airways
  • Whenever these afferent nerve endings are stimulated (for example, by dust, cold air or fumes) impulses travel to the brain-stem vagal center, then down the vagal efferent pathway to again reach the bronchial small airways. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Until 2010 FCKS was believed to be caused by a spasm in the intercostal muscles, but new data has led to the conclusion that flattening is caused by failure of the lungs to inflate normally or, when it occurs in older kittens, by lung collapse. (wikipedia.org)