• concussions
  • Researchers at the University of Washington are developing a simple way to assess potential concussions and other brain injuries with just a smartphone. (engadget.com)
  • This year, in recognition of Brain Injury Awareness Month, CDC encourages school professionals, coaches, parents, and athletes to learn the risks for concussions in youth sports. (cdc.gov)
  • Concussions are injuries to the head which cause a temporary lapse in the normal operation of brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other distinguishing characteristics of concussions are retrograde amnesia (loss of memory just prior to injury) and posttraumatic amnesia (impaired recall of time between the injury or resumption of consciousness and the point at which new memories are stored and retrieved). (wikipedia.org)
  • Damage
  • While an injury from the object can cause localizing effects, along the path of penetration, additional damage can occur from the object fragmenting into parts. (springer.com)
  • Sometimes broken bones cut into your brain and cause bleeding or other damage. (familydoctor.org)
  • TBI can cause brain damage that is focal (e.g., gunshot wound), diffuse (e.g., shaken baby syndrome), or both. (asha.org)
  • Symptoms can vary depending on site of lesion, extent of damage to the brain, and the child's age or stage of development. (asha.org)
  • A concussion is the most common type of brain trauma, and can be caused by direct damage to the head, gunshot wounds, violent shaking of the head (very common in children), or force from a whiplash type injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • A penetrating injury occurs when a sharp object enters the brain, causing a large damage area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Headaches and pain can also occur as a result of a brain injury either directly from the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • This journal covers all topics of research and clinical practice, pertaining to brain damage in adult and pediatric populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Head injury is a broader category that may involve damage to other structures such as the scalp and skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, a variety of events in the minutes to days following the injury may result in secondary injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain function is temporarily or permanently impaired and structural damage may or may not be detectable with current technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABI does not include damage to the brain resulting from neurodegenerative disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Damage to the developing brain, by any of the above mechanisms, can disturb neuronal maturation, leading to neuronal loss, axonal destruction, and demyelination. (wikipedia.org)
  • This, in turn, means that a person experiencing multiple TBIs in a similar area will suffer the culmination of all previous injuries, possibly up to four times the initial damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • These processes are part of the natural damage response mechanisms which also include the brain experiencing a pro-inflammatory response at the location of damage that is regulated by an anti-inflammatory response that is farther away from the damaged area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blast-Induced damage is not localized to a specific region due to its wave nature, and can penetrate deep into the brain before finally subsiding, depending on the blast intensity and proximity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Impact damage is the most common type of TBI, estimated at 75% of all TBI injuries, and results from the brain making physical contact with the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bennet Omalu was the first to identify chronic brain damage as a factor in the deaths of some National Football League players. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is evident that damage to specific areas of the brain can result in whole areas of knowledge, skills and abilities being lost, sometimes irrevocably. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another effect often seen as a result of damage to the vulnerable frontal lobes of a child's brain is 'disinhibition' or a reduced ability to inhibit an impulse to say or do something long enough to calculate whether it's the correct or appropriate thing to say or do. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary injury, which is not caused by mechanical damage, can result from the primary injury or be independent of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary injury occurs at the moment of trauma and includes contusion, damage to blood vessels, and axonal shearing, in which the axons of neurons are stretched and torn. (wikipedia.org)
  • It occurs in the hours and days following the primary injury and plays a large role in the brain damage and death that results from TBI. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is often a result of secondary injury, which can damage neurons that were unharmed in the primary injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imbalances in some neurotransmitters can lead to excitotoxicity, damage to brain cells that results from overactivation of biochemical receptors for excitatory neurotransmitters (those that increase the likelihood that a neuron will fire). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ischemia is one of the leading causes of secondary brain damage after head trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, secondary injury presents opportunities for researchers to find drug therapies to limit or prevent the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stroke can produce focal damage that is associated with signs and symptoms that correspond to the part of the brain that was damaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ischemic brain injury resulting from an insufficient blood supply to the brain, is one of the leading causes of secondary brain damage after head trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people are affected differently by the McGurk effect based on many factors, including brain damage and other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • DCoE is composed of three centers: Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC), Deployment Health Clinical Center (DHCC), and the National Center for Telehealth & Technology (T2). (wikipedia.org)
  • meninges
  • The blood brain barrier and meninges may be damaged in the primary injury, and neurons may die. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dura mater or dura, is a thick membrane that is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • trauma
  • Assessing head trauma due to, for example, sports injuries or a car crash is typically done with either a pupilometer -- rarely found outside of hospitals -- or a mix of subjective evaluations like balancing, repeating a list of words or visually examining a pupil's response with a flashlight. (engadget.com)
  • It jars your brain and causes shock or trauma. (familydoctor.org)
  • In TBI, primary injuries result immediately from the initial trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike in most forms of trauma a large percentage of the people killed by brain trauma do not die right away but rather days to weeks after the event. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar mechanisms are involved in secondary injury after ischemia, trauma, and injuries resulting when a person does not get enough oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since primary injury occurs at the moment of trauma and is over so rapidly, little can be done to interfere with it other than prevention of the trauma itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abuse causes 19% of cases of pediatric brain trauma, and the death rate is higher among these cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Focus on the prevention of brain injuries in youth through education/awareness programs such Save a Brain Wear a Helmet Campaign where childre are fitted for a free bicycle helmet. (idealist.org)
  • Deficits
  • Deficits typically reflect localization of brain injury. (springer.com)
  • The functional impact of TBI in children can be different than in adults-deficits may not be immediately apparent because the pediatric brain is still developing. (asha.org)
  • Because a child's brain is a 'work in progress', deficits caused by an injury sustained at one age might not become apparent until much later, as the damaged areas become relevant to the child's expected developmental milestones. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Epidemiology of pediatric closed head injury: Incidence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors. (springer.com)
  • This is accomplished through clinical supervision with the ABI Community Services Clinical Supervisor, monthly CIS leadership meetings, and on-going training specific to Acquired Brain Injury treatment and rehabilitation. (ct.gov)
  • plasticity
  • Functional plasticity or vulnerability after early brain injury? (asha.org)
  • The inherent 'plasticity' of the brain can occasionally mean that areas damaged beyond healing can relocate their function to other undamaged areas (the so-called 'Kennard principle') and there are documented cases where this has indeed happened. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incidence
  • It has also been shown that more immature brains have an enlarged extracellular space volume and a decreased expression of glial aquaporin 4 leading to an increased incidence of brain swelling after TBI. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • Due to the changes in the brain as well as the issues associated with the change in physical and mental capacity, depression and low self-esteem are common side effects that can be treated with psychological help. (wikipedia.org)
  • rotational
  • These shearing forces are seen in cases where the brain had a sharp rotational acceleration, and is caused by the difference in density between white matter and grey matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Survivors
  • Provide information and resources to brain injury survivors & families, support groups, life enrichment programs for survivors, medical professional conferences. (idealist.org)
  • Educational attainment and quality of life indicators for young adult survivors of childhood acquired brain injury are significantly lower than those of an uninjured peer group. (wikipedia.org)
  • dura mater
  • Intradural procedures, such as removal of a brain tumour, or treatment of trigeminal neuralgia via a microvascular decompression require that an incision is made to the dura mater. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • They will ask you questions about the injury and symptoms. (familydoctor.org)
  • Even if you don't lose consciousness and your symptoms clear up quickly, a brain injury still may have occurred. (alz.org)
  • Symptoms often appear at the time of the injury or soon after, but sometimes may not develop for days or weeks. (alz.org)
  • outcome
  • It can be tempting to assume that an injury acquired in childhood is likely to have a more positive long term outcome than one acquired during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)