Loading...



  • traumatic brain in
  • Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) have reduced in frequency and severity from years past due to the development of standardized rules and organized athletics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study was completed identifying the severity and frequency traumatic brain injuries occurred in high school sports: "Of 23,566 reported injuries in the 10 sports during the 3-year study period, 1219 (5.5%) were MTBIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Brain Injury Research Institute (BIRI) is a center for the study of traumatic brain injuries and their prevention that was founded in 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • The researchers analyzed human brains - from teenagers and young adults who had been exposed to mild head impact but died from another cause soon after. (wksu.org)
  • Researchers report that mice exposed to prolonged stress develop structural changes in the amygdala, a part of the brain that regulates basic emotions, such as fear and anxiety. (nutritionreview.org)
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers have found a two-way link between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and intestinal changes. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers have known for years that TBI has significant effects on the gastrointestinal tract, but until now, scientists have not recognized that brain trauma can make the colon more permeable, potentially allowing allow harmful microbes to migrate from the intestine to other areas of the body, causing infection. (eurekalert.org)
  • lesions
  • citation needed] Other lesions to the visual cortex have different effects depending on the location of the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lesions to V1, for example, can cause blindsight in different areas of the brain depending on the size of the lesion and location relative to the calcarine fissure. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcoholic
  • The very part of the brain that you need to change your alcoholic intake may be most impacted by drinking," says Catherine Fortier, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School, who has led many of the imaging studies . (drugs-forum.com)
  • rats
  • The rats were then sacrificed and their brains and hepatic tissues were isolated. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Treatment with XNJ increased the activity of SOD, and decreased the expression levels of NR2B mRNA and NR2B, CB1 and CDK5 proteins in the brain tissues compared with those in the model rats. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • disease
  • CTE is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by that kind of abnormal accumulation around small blood vessels in the brain. (wksu.org)
  • tissues
  • The cytopathic changes seen in stealth virus cultures correlate well with the vacuolating cellular damage observed on histological sections of brain tissues obtained on biopsy and on autopsy. (prohealth.com)
  • acute
  • Repeated acute intoxication followed by acute withdrawal is associated with profound behavioural changes and neurobiological alterations in several brain regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The actual level of acute and chronic toxicity of DU is also controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathology
  • They found early evidence of brain pathology consistent with what is seen in CTE, including abnormal accumulation of tau protein. (wksu.org)
  • However, more careful analysis of the time course by time linear regression of individual results compared to virus levels reveal that higher viral loads, associated with brain pathology, reduced diffusivity and increased anisotropy. (ismrm.org)
  • Chronic stress is linked to a number of psychiatric conditions, and this research may offer some new insights on their pathology," McEwen says. (nutritionreview.org)
  • neurodegenerative
  • Studies have demonstrated that quinolinic acid may be involved in many psychiatric disorders, neurodegenerative processes in the brain, as well as other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • These brain changes are linked to poor behavioural control and impulsivity, which tend to worsen the existing addiction problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Damage to the Broca's area typically produces symptoms like omitting functional words (agrammatism), sound production changes, dyslexia, dysgraphia, and problems with comprehension and production. (wikipedia.org)
  • There has been significant advancement in understanding the structural changes that occur in parts of the brain involved in the reward pathway (mesolimbic system) that underlies addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • These structural changes only last 7-10 days, however, indicating that the VTA cannot be the only part of the brain that is affected by drug use, and changed during the development of addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contingent administration of drugs has been shown to produce larger structural changes in certain parts of the brain, in comparison to non-contingent administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore
  • Furthermore, quinolinic acid has been shown to play a role in destabilization of the cytoskeleton within astrocytes and brain endothelial cells, contributing to the degradation of the BBB, which results in higher concentrations of quinolinic acid in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebral palsy
  • Botulinum toxin injected intramuscularly is beneficial in the management of spasticity and as a treatment for chronic hip pain in children with cerebral palsy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Preterm infants face an uncertain future because premature birth often leads to problems with brain development and can cause cerebral palsy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • occur
  • Not surprisingly, most symptoms of withdrawal are symptoms that occur when the brain is overstimulated (Drugs.com). (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain injuries occur due to a wide range of internal and external factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • A study published online Thursday in Brain , a journal of neurology, presents the strongest case yet that repetitive hits to the head that don't lead to concussions -meaning no loss of consciousness or other symptoms that can include headaches, dizziness, vision problems or confusion - cause CTE. (wksu.org)
  • But what this study says is: No, that hit probably wasn't fine, and that poor guy can't feel the damage that's happening in his brain right now. (wksu.org)
  • While the study downplays the role of concussions in the ultimate development of CTE, the familiar symptoms - headaches, fogginess or problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination, even without a loss of consciousness, are still important signs the brain has been hurt. (wksu.org)
  • ROSEMONT, IL A study published online today in Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach provides a different take on previous information regarding the prevalence of chronic brain damage in retired NFL players. (bio-medicine.org)
  • however the majority of the individuals in our study had no clinical signs of chronic brain damage to the degree that has been noted in previous studies," said lead author and neurologist, Ira R. Casson, MD of the Long Island Jewish Medical Center, in New Hyde Park, New York and the Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Hempstead, New York. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Chronic stress makes us worn-out, anxious, depressed, and according to a new study, causes damage to critical brain neurons. (nutritionreview.org)
  • amygdala
  • When we took a closer look at three regions within it, we found that neurons within one, the medial amygdala, retract as a result of chronic stress. (nutritionreview.org)
  • The brain's limbic system controls emotions and memory, and is comprised of a number of structures, including the amygdala, which are located deep in the brain. (nutritionreview.org)
  • disorders
  • While this rewiring of brain architecture can contribute to disorders such as anxiety and depression, their experiments also showed that the neurological and behavioral effects of stress can be prevented with treatment by a common nutritional supplement, acetyl L-carnitine (ALC). (nutritionreview.org)
  • citation needed] Studies show there is a correlation between brain lesion and language, speech, and category-specific disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • correlation
  • Neuroscientists believe that drug addicts' behavior is a direct correlation to some physiological change in their brain, caused by using drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • long-term
  • Now, brain imaging is revealing how long-term alcohol abuse can change the structure of the brain, shrinking grey-matter cells in areas that govern learning, memory, decision-making and social behaviour, as well as damaging white-matter fibres that connect one part of the brain with others. (drugs-forum.com)
  • These results really underscore the importance of bi-directional gut-brain communication on the long-term effects of TBI," said Dr. Faden. (eurekalert.org)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms of brain injuries vary based on the severity of the injury or how much of the brain is affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of brain injuries can also be influenced by the location of the injury and as a result impairments are specific to the part of the brain affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The symptoms of Wernicke's aphasia are caused by damage to the posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Also unclear is whether heavy drinking during a person's teens and 20s, when important brain connections are still forming, has a lasting effect on brain function in later life. (drugs-forum.com)
  • especially: a jarring injury of the brain resulting in disturbance of cerebral function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concussions are injuries to the head which cause a temporary lapse in the normal operation of brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • This view believes there is a bodily function in the brain causing the addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • injuries
  • A common category with the greatest number of injuries is traumatic brain injury (TBI) following physical trauma or head injury from an outside source, and the term acquired brain injury (ABI) is used in appropriate circles to differentiate brain injuries occurring after birth from injury, from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists
  • When the scientists later repeated the stress experiment they treated mice nearing the end of their 21 days of chronic stress with acetyl L-carnitine, a nutritional compound derived from the amino acid, lysine. (nutritionreview.org)
  • mice
  • Lapin followed up this research by demonstrating that quinolinic acid could induce convulsions when injected into mice brain ventricles. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • A sports-related traumatic brain injury is relatively uncommon,[citation needed] yet it is a serious accident which may lead to significant morbidity or mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Most research has focused on two portions of the brain: the ventral tegmental area, (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). (wikipedia.org)
  • dementia
  • Low levels of alcohol may improve blood flow to the brain - but there's a tension between that and reduced white matter," says Ian Lang, a dementia expert and senior lecturer in public health at the University of Exeter medical school in England. (drugs-forum.com)
  • development
  • Adolescence, particularly early adolescence, is a developmental stage which is particularly vulnerable to the neurotoxic and neurocognitive adverse effects of binge drinking due to it being a time of significant brain development. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is possible in some cases that alcohol abuse via a kindling mechanism can cause the development of a chronic substance-induced psychotic disorder, i.e. schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • View attachment 47799 Here's a sobering thought for the Christmas holidays: chronic heavy drinking can cause insidious damage to the brain, even in people who never seem intoxicated or obviously addicted. (drugs-forum.com)
  • loss
  • The loss of connections like these can harm the brain, distorting its ability to adapt to new experiences, leaving it trapped in a state of anxiety or depression. (nutritionreview.org)
  • cells
  • These cells are similar to brain astroglial cells, and both types of glial cells are activated after TBI. (eurekalert.org)
  • Health
  • This programme will provide the evidence-base for the National Health System (NHS) policy on the use of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain for preterm infants. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • hypoxia
  • Along with a delayed decrease in cerebral blood flow, these unique features of the developing brain can mediate further secondary damage, through hypoxia, excitotoxicity, free radical damage, and neuroinflammation after the primary injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxidative
  • Research in rats has indicated that THC prevented hydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage as well as or better than other antioxidants in a chemical (Fenton reaction) system and neuronal cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain
  • Experts are divided regarding use for non-cancer-related chronic pain, as most opioids have great potential for dependence and have also been alleged to create paradoxical pain sensitivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • joint
  • BCP crystals are often detected in osteoarthritic joints, and thus should be considered as a cause of cartilage damage, although controversy exists as to BCP being the result, rather than the cause, of joint damage. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • While superficial bleeding is troublesome, some of the more serious sites of bleeding are: Joints Muscles Digestive tract Brain Muscle and joint haemorrhages - or haemarthrosis - are indicative of haemophilia, while digestive tract and cerebral haemorrhages are also germane to other coagulation disorders.Though typically not life-threatening, joint bleeding is one of the most serious symptoms of haemophilia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repeated bleeds into a joint capsule can cause permanent joint damage and disfigurement resulting in chronic arthritis and disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Joint damage is not a result of blood in the capsule but rather the healing process. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Tumoral calcinosis is a rare, progressive deposition of BCP masses in cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, typically associated with chronic renal failure and hyperparathyroidism. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA) is a medication injected into the bloodstream that dissolves blood clots in the arteries that supply blood to the brain. (wakehealth.edu)
  • Saint Thomas uses the Novalis Shaped Beam Surgery System, an advanced stereostatic radiotherapy treatment that focuses radiation to the shape of the tumor and results in minimum damage to surrounding tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Pediatric acquired brain injury (PABI) is the number one cause of death and disability for children and young adults in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Radiographic imaging, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in children with acute otitis media or chronic otitis media with effusion, often shows mastoid involvement, even though acute mastoiditis is not present. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Something as simple as nutrition counseling or a few exercise routines can often help you start to escape from brain fog and fatigue even when allergies are at play. (novahealthandwellness.com)
  • better
  • Extra-cranial-Intra-cranial (EC-IC) bypass - This is a surgical procedure that helps improve blood flow to the brain by connecting a healthy artery in the scalp to the area of the brain that needs a better supply of blood. (wakehealth.edu)
  • blood
  • By engaging the clot in the corkscrew, the surgeon can pull it out and restore blood flow to the brain. (wakehealth.edu)
  • The carotid arteries, which are located in the neck, are important sources of blood for the brain. (wakehealth.edu)
  • time
  • Mastoiditis can be acute or chronic, based on the severity of disease and type and time-course of signs and symptoms. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • It is the "psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment"… It should not come as a surprise that those living with a chronic illness have a tough time staying mentally healthy. (ushealthtimes.com)
  • center
  • The brain is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment, and the origin of control over body movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Saint Thomas Brain & Spine Tumor Center is a collaboration between the Neurosciences Institute and the Dan Rudy Cancer Center. (wikipedia.org)
  • treat
  • Doxepin is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) used as a pill to treat major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, chronic hives, and for short-term help with trouble remaining asleep after going to bed (a form of insomnia). (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Results support the notion that the running interferes with adaptation to the new feeding schedule and is associated with the reward system in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • come
  • BASC is a protein complex that in part binds to the BRCT domain and serves as a "docking site" for other proteins and enzymes to come in, effectively repair the DNA damage and leave when repair is completed. (medicalxpress.com)
  • How can you not but just go at least a little bit bat shit crazy with all the unknowns and bullshit that come with living with a chronic illness like MS? (ushealthtimes.com)
  • major
  • Experiments in which mice were treated with CBD followed by THC showed that CBD treatment was associated with a substantial increase in brain concentrations of THC and its major metabolites, most likely because it decreased the rate of clearance of THC from the body. (wikipedia.org)