• Erythema
  • In the 1920s, French physicians Garin and Bujadoux described a patient with meningoencephalitis, painful sensory radiculitis, and erythema migrans following a tick bite, and they postulated the symptoms were due to a spirochetal infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common sign of infection is an expanding area of redness on the skin, known as erythema migrans, that begins at the site of a tick bite about a week after it has occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic treatment
  • Having diagnosed a patient as having a Borrelia infection, it therefore recommends variations of antibiotic treatment, such as longer term or pulsed treatment, since these patients have already failed the standard treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • The authors data did not allow them to reach any conclusions regarding speculation that glomerular disease found in Bernese Mountain Dogs may be caused directly by B. burgdorferi, and the high incidence of B. burgdorferi infection may mean it coincides with glomerulonephritis without being the cause of the disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • There is no known cause of Bell's palsy, although it has been associated with herpes simplex infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • However, the assumption that there is a persistent infection is not supported by high quality clinical evidence, and the use of long term antibiotics is not recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • initial infection
  • Stage 3 occurs a couple of months or years after the initial infection, with feasible ensuing developments of arthritis that can affect patients with the disease for a long period of time. (wikipedia.org)