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  • mesenchymal stem
  • Bone regeneration in artificial jaw cleft by use of carbonated hydroxyapatite particles and mesenchymal stem cells derived from iliac bone," International Journal of Dentistry , vol. 2012, Article ID 352510, 8 pages, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Immunomodulatory effect of human adipose tissue-derived adult stem cells: comparison with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells," British Journal of Haematology , vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 118-129, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • Marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells-directed bone regeneration in the dog mandible: a comparison between biphasic calcium phosphate and natural bone mineral," Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology , vol. 105, no. 5, pp. e14-e24, 2008. (hindawi.com)
  • Vertical bone augmentation with simultaneous implant placement using particulate mineralized bone and mesenchymal stem cells: a preliminary study in rabbit," Journal of Oral Implantology , vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 3-13, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • This study sought to assess the efficacy of lateral ramus cortical plate with buccal fat pad derived mesenchymal stem cells (BFSCs) in treatment of human alveolar cleft defects. (hindawi.com)
  • However, acute traumatic osteochondral lesions or surgically created lesions extending into subchondral bone, e.g. by Pridie drilling, spongialization abrasion or microfracture causing the release of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells from the bone marrow, may heal with repair tissue consisting of fibrous tissue, fibrocartilage or hyaline-like cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • A couple of physicians are promoting an alternative treatment implanting autologous mesenchymal stem cells directly into the cartilage defect, without having to penetrate the subchondral bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervical
  • The skeletal section of the head and neck forms the top part of the axial skeleton and is made up of the skull, hyoid bone, auditory ossicles, and cervical spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • nasal
  • Its medial end is sharp and pointed, and, when united with that of the opposite bone, forms a projecting process, the posterior nasal spine for the attachment of the Musculus uvulæ. (wikipedia.org)
  • its superior edge is raised into a ridge, which, united with the ridge of the opposite bone, forms the nasal crest for articulation with the posterior part of the lower edge of the vomer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterior border articulates with the spine of the frontal bone and the crest of the nasal bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the nasal bones are not completely known, it appears the front margin of the bony nostril was closer to the snout than in other diplodocoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein
  • 2 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein 1.8≦1≦2.2. (google.co.uk)
  • 9 . A bone plate according to claim 8 , wherein 1.4≦d 1 ≦1.8. (google.co.uk)
  • 11 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein the first portions define a thickness T at said center of rotation, T=A/t, with 8≦t≦12. (google.co.uk)
  • 12 . A bone plate according to claim 11 , wherein 9≦t≦11. (google.co.uk)
  • 14 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein the first portions define a curved top surface having a radius of curvature R 1 , R 1 =(r) (A), with 0.8≦r≦1.2. (google.co.uk)
  • 15 . A bone plate according to claim 14 , wherein 0.9≦r≦1.1. (google.co.uk)
  • 17 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein the first portions are generally in the shape of a bow tie. (google.co.uk)
  • 18 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein the first portions are generally in the shape of a capital letter I. (google.co.uk)
  • 19 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein said hole includes a countersunk portion extending from said bone plate bottom surface, and said locking device second portions include a malleable portion extending laterally into said countersunk portion. (google.co.uk)
  • 20 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein W 1 , the radii of the screw holes, the distance A, and the distance X, are mutually selected so that there is a rotated position of the first portions at which the first portions do not overlap the screw holes. (google.co.uk)
  • 2. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the intermediate portion has a central portion with a width in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction that is substantially less than a width of a first end of the intermediate portion a width of a second end of the intermediate portion. (google.com)
  • 3. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the first and second mounting portions both include a plurality of mounting apertures. (google.com)
  • 4. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 3 , wherein each of the mounting apertures includes a center spaced from a line coincident with a centerline of the intermediate portion. (google.com)
  • 5. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the bone plate is curved in the second direction perpendicular to the first direction. (google.com)
  • 6. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the first and second shelves are disposed immediately adjacent first and second ends of the intermediate portion, respectively. (google.com)
  • 7. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 6 , wherein one of the first and second mounting portions includes first and second mounting apertures spaced apart from one another in both the first direction and the second direction. (google.com)
  • 8. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the reduced cross-sectional dimension is disposed between the first and second shelves. (google.com)
  • 9. The bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap of claim 1 , wherein the intermediate portion includes a segment linking the first and second shelves, the segment having a width substantially less than a width of the first and second shelves. (google.com)
  • 9. The component of claim 1, wherein said stem portion further comprises at least one slot surrounded at least in part by the second markers indicating positions of screw holes in said bone plate. (patentgenius.com)
  • 11. The component of claim 1, wherein said head and stem portions are formed as a longitudinally extending plate having a shape generally corresponding to a longitudinal shape of a long bone. (patentgenius.com)
  • 12. The component of claim 1, wherein said head and stem portions have a first side facing towards said bone and a second side facing away from said bone, and wherein said first side aids in selecting a right bone plate, and said second sideaids in selecting a left bone plate. (patentgenius.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the bone plate includes a third portion disposed along the bone plate between the first portion and the second portion, and wherein the step of disposing results in collective support of the first portion of the bone plate above the first region of the bone by the leg member and the third portion of the bone plate. (google.co.uk)
  • 3. The method of claim 1 , wherein the leg member is a post member, further comprising a step of disposing the post member in threaded engagement with an aperture defined by the first portion of the bone plate. (google.co.uk)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 , wherein the first region includes at least one fragment containing a majority of a shaft of a bone and the second region includes at least one end fragment of the bone. (google.co.uk)
  • 6. The method of claim 1 , wherein the step of pivoting includes a step of placing the first portion of the bone plate against a bone and at least generally parallel to a long axis defined by the bone. (google.co.uk)
  • 8. The method of claim 7 , wherein the bone is a radial bone, and wherein the step of pivoting adjusts a palmar inclination of a distal articular surface region of the radial bone. (google.co.uk)
  • 10. The method of claim 7 , wherein the head portion has an inner surface that is contoured to match a surface region on the end region of the bone. (google.co.uk)
  • 2. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein said rod has a constant cross-sectional configuration throughout. (google.com)
  • 3. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein said protruding tab members are spaced apart along the length of the rod and define rod segments therebetween. (google.com)
  • 5. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 4 wherein the minimum length of each rod segment is substantially equal to the diameter of the rod segment. (google.com)
  • 6. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 2 wherein said cross-sectional configuration of the rod is substantially circular. (google.com)
  • 7. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 2 wherein said rod has a semi-cylindrical upper portion and a lower portion integrally connected to said upper portion. (google.com)
  • 8. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 7 wherein the thickness of the rod is less than or equal to the diameter of the cylindrical upper portion. (google.com)
  • 9. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 7 wherein said bearing surface is substantially flat. (google.com)
  • 10. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein the elongated rod includes a cross-section in which the outer surface of the rod is of approximately equal distance about the center axis of the elongated rod. (google.com)
  • 11. An implantable elongated bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein said protruding tab members are alternately spaced on opposite sides of the rod. (google.com)
  • 12. An implantable elongated bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein said protruding tab members are spaced in a parallel relationship along one side of the elongated rod. (google.com)
  • 13. An implantable elongated bone plate as described in claim 1 wherein said plurality of protruding tab members are spaced in pairs, with each member of a pair positioned on an opposite side of the rod from the other member of said pair. (google.com)
  • stem
  • Specifically, this is the first stem gnathostome with dermal marginal jaw bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of cartilage growth after microfracture surgery is thought to be dependent on the patient's bone marrow stem cell population and some think increasing the number of stem cells increases the chances of success. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood and bone marrow (containing stem cells) are released forming a blood clot which contains cartilage forming elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • portions
  • an intermediate portion connecting the first mounting portion and the second mounting portion in a first direction, the intermediate portion including first and second rearwardly extending shelves for extending into the gap and engaging the first and second portions of the bone, respectively, the first and second rearwardly extending shelves converge toward each other in a second direction, the second direction being generally perpendicular to the first direction. (google.com)
  • A bone plate for bridging two portions of a broken bone which can be formed to fit and retain many irregular surfaces and yet retain optimum strength. (google.com)
  • tissue
  • Comparison of multi-lineage cells from human adipose tissue and bone marrow," Cells Tissues Organs , vol. 174, no. 3, pp. 101-109, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • These include epithelial tissues (epithelium), connective tissues, (ligaments and bone), muscle tissue and nervous tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The quality of the repair tissue after these "bone marrow stimulating techniques" depends on various factors including the species and age of the individual, the size and localization of the articular cartilage defect, the surgical technique, e.g., how the subchondral bone plate is treated, and the postoperative rehabilitation protocol. (wikipedia.org)
  • jaws
  • Most known placoderms had simple beak-like jaws made of bone plates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike other tetrapods, the tooth-bearing bones of its jaws were rotated transversely relative to the rest of the skull, so that all of its teeth were located far to the front. (wikipedia.org)
  • sphenoid
  • The posterior border presents a deep groove, the edges of which are serrated for articulation with the medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • The inferior surface, slightly concave and rough, forms, with the corresponding surface of the opposite bone, the posterior fourth of the hard palate. (wikipedia.org)
  • defects
  • Seventy-five percent of all cleft lip and palate variations are accompanied by alveolar bone defects [ 3 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • medial
  • these lead from the medial foramina on the cribriform plate and lodge filaments of the olfactory nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • skull
  • The occipital bone joins with the atlas near the foramen magnum, a large hole (foramen) at the base of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its skull was very specialised for feeding, with large fenestrae and thin bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total area of bone connecting the muzzle to the back of the skull was only 1.0 cm2 (0.16 sq in). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ziapelta, the bones of the upper rear skull sides, the exoccipitalia, do not contribute to this condyle which is fully formed by the basioccipital, the lower rear braincase element. (wikipedia.org)
  • surface
  • an intermediate portion connecting the first mounting portion and the second mounting portion in a first direction, the intermediate portion having a reduced cross-sectional dimension and including first and second shelves extending from a rear surface of the bone plate, the first and second shelves each having a width in a direction generally parallel to the first direction that is substantially greater than a central portion of the intermediate portion. (google.com)
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface. (google.com.au)
  • The key steps of this study included designing the customized bone plate, metal 3D printing, vacuum heat treatment, surface post-processing, operation rehearsal, and clinical application and evaluation. (mdpi.com)
  • The joint surface of the bone plate was placed upwards with respect to the build platform to keep it away from the support and to improve the quality of the joint surface. (mdpi.com)
  • snout
  • Stegosaurians had characteristic small, long, flat, narrow heads and a horn-covered beak or rhamphotheca, which covered the front of the snout (two premaxillaries) and lower jaw (a single predentary) bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The middle bone plate, caputegula, of the snout was large, prominent and roughly triangular in shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • lengths
  • The plates may be of predetermined lengths and curves to fit specific bones and contours or the plates may be supplied as straight stock that may be cut and contoured according to specific needs. (google.com)
  • Publication
  • Synthes, 3.5 mm LCP Proximal Humerus Plate, Technique guide publication, Internet brochure, date not known, 10 pages, available on the Internet at http://products.synthes.com/prod.sub.--support/support.asp. (patentgenius.com)
  • Surgical
  • The customized bone plate eliminated the need for preoperative titanium plate pre-bending, thereby greatly reducing surgical wounds and operation time. (mdpi.com)
  • teeth
  • Despite the psychological benefits of secondary alveolar bone grafting, it is also necessary for maxillary arch integration, easier teeth eruption, alar base support, closure of oroantral communication, and increasing quality of life [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Later species have a vertical bone plate covering the outer side of the lower jaw teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertical
  • In reality, the hand bones of stegosaurians were arranged into vertical columns, with the main fingers, orientated outwards, forming a tube-like structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • segments
  • The bone plate is comprised of a solid elongated rod portion and a plurality of screw retaining areas extending from the rod portion and spaced apart from each other along the rod portion, forming rod segments between the protruding screw retaining areas. (google.com)
  • long
  • In some embodiments, the bone plate and the leg member may be used near the end of a long bone, such as on a distal portion of a radial bone. (google.co.uk)
  • Long-term results of the two-stage palatoplasty/Hotz' plate approach for complete bilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate patients," Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery , vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 215-227, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • claim
  • 11. The method of claim 10 , further comprising a step of adjusting an angle of slant of the body portion to provide a better fit of the head portion of the bone plate on the end region of the bone. (google.co.uk)
  • generally
  • The bone plate generally includes a first mounting portion for attachment to a first bone portion, a second mounting portion for attachment to a ssecond bone portion, and an intermediate portion connecting the first mounting. (google.com)
  • wooden
  • Burden Bearers - Are feast for a thousand others bear their burdens slides a wooden plate sideways rather than the. (brightarrowsfarm.com)
  • Radiographs of exhumed dogs in the ancient world have revealed that the mummification process involved wrapping the embalmed bones together with bandages and placing them within a wooden statue of Anubis, the jackal-headed deity associated with mummification and the afterlife in ancient Egyptian religion. (wikipedia.org)