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  • child's
  • The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives this week, found that for every 10-fold increase in the concentration of the chemicals found in a pregnant woman's urine, her pregnancy was reduced by half a week and her child's birth weight decreased about 150 grams. (cbc.ca)
  • We linked these data with information reported by their mothers, participants in the Nurses' Health Study II, including GDM, height, current weight, and child's birth weight. (aappublications.org)
  • While working in Nigeria he developed the "Road to health" chart, a parent-held growth chart for monitoring a child's weight to detect early signs of malnutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal growth
  • Because there are indications that genes in the HLA complex are associated with fetal growth ( 9 ), we tested whether HLA-DQ genotypes previously found to confer risk for type 1 diabetes were associated with increased birth weight among Norwegian children randomly selected from the official population registry. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • head circumference
  • Fetal height, Fetal Weight and head circumference(HC),Crown to Rump length(CR), dermatological observations like skin thickness etc. are measured individually to assess the growth and development of the organs and the fetus as a whole and can be a parameter for normal or abnormal development also including adaptation of the fetus to its newer environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • utero
  • Additionally, poor health in utero, at birth, and in childhood can contribute to poor health throughout life. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • There have been numerous studies that have attempted, with varying degrees of success, to show links between birth mass and later-life conditions, including diabetes, obesity, tobacco smoking and intelligence. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reflects a metabolically altered fetal environment associated with high birth weight, itself associated with later obesity. (aappublications.org)
  • However, the effect of GDM on offspring obesity seemed only partially explained by its influence on birth weight, and adjustment for mother's own BMI attenuated the GDM associations. (aappublications.org)
  • Programming of lean body mass: a link between birth weight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease? (wikipedia.org)
  • hypothesis
  • The association was the opposite of that expected under the hypothesis that variation in the HLA-DQ genotype explains the previously observed positive association between birth weight and risk of type 1 diabetes ( 1 , 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Additional support for the hypothesis that birth weight and mortality can be acted on independently came from the analysis of birth data from Colorado: compared with the birth weight distribution in the US as a whole, the distribution curve in Colorado is also shifted to lower weights. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The study team focused on specific fracking sites, comparing birth weights in nearby families before and after the operations started. (hon.ch)
  • This study essentially shows a dose response between proximity to fracking sites and low birth weight. (hon.ch)
  • When Olsen was a research fellow at NTNU's Medical Imaging Laboratory, he worked closely with the head of the Trondheim fMRI Group, Asta Håberg, to expand his research to include a collaboration with the Centre for Early Brain Development, which is conducting a long-term study of individuals with low birth weight. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thirty-two individuals between 22 and 24 years of age from this group participated in Olsen's study and were matched with same-aged controls that had normal birth weights. (eurekalert.org)
  • Explain to interested patients that this study could not establish a causal relationship between phthalate exposure and low birth weight. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In the present study, we tested the association between birth weight and HLA-DQ genotypes known to confer risk for type 1 diabetes among 969 nondiabetic children randomly selected from the Norwegian population. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In the present study, we applied the twin approach to estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental causes that may underlie the birth weight-adult blood pressure association. (ahajournals.org)
  • In the present study, we examined the association between birth weight and adult resting and ambulatory BP in young adult twins. (ahajournals.org)
  • A Nigerian study showed that the birth weight of the human fetus also depends upon the size and weight of the mother including her height and weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • type 1 diabet
  • An association has recently been described between increased birth weight and increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Whether this relationship is explained by genes associated with both increased birth weight and increased risk of type 1 diabetes is unknown. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We found that HLA genotypes previously shown to confer risk for type 1 diabetes were associated with reduced birth weight (the mean difference in birth weight between the DQB1*0602/DQB1*0602 and DQ8/DQ2 genotypes was 354 g [95% CI 105-, which was opposite of that expected if HLA genes explained the birth weight-type 1 diabetes association. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, we cannot exclude the possibility that the above-mentioned association ( 1 , 2 ) is explained by genes associated with both increased birth weight and increased risk of type 1 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The class I allele at INS VNTR that confers susceptibility to type 1 diabetes ( 6 ) has been associated with reduced birth weight ( 7 ), indicating that INS VNTR is unlikely to explain the observed association between birth weight and type 1 diabetes ( 1 , 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • exposure
  • DBP exposure was associated with low birth weight and DEHP exposure was associated with shorter birth length ( P ≤0.05 for both). (medpagetoday.com)
  • One environmental exposure which has been found to increase the risk of low birth weight is particulate matter, a component of ambient air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Particulate matter exposure can cause inflammation, oxidative stress, endocrine disruption, and impaired oxygen transport access to the placenta, all of which are mechanisms for heightening the risk of low birth weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was revealed that, exposure of pregnant women to airplane noise was found to be associated with low birth weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Methods and Results Birth weights of 418 twin pairs were obtained prospectively, and resting and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressures were obtained at the age of 18 to 34 years. (ahajournals.org)
  • Cognitive
  • New insights into why children with very low birth weights can have cognitive problems. (eurekalert.org)
  • Olsen and his colleagues wanted to see how the brains of very low birth weight individuals differed from their normal birth weight cohorts when it came to cognitive control, and the ability to think proactively or reactively about different tasks. (eurekalert.org)
  • That's because cognitive control dysfunction is one of the biggest problems facing very low birth weight individuals, Olsen said. (eurekalert.org)
  • odds ratio
  • In multiple logistic regression analysis, controlling for age, gender, and Tanner stage, the odds ratio for adolescent overweight for each 1-kg increment in birth weight was 1.4 (95% confidence interval: 1.2-1.6). (aappublications.org)
  • For example, Celiac disease confers an odds ratio of low birth weight of approximately 1.8. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • Second, skilled birth attendance with emergency backup such as doctors, nurses and midwives who have the skills to manage normal deliveries and recognize the onset of complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • association
  • If one corrects and adjusts for the confounding by smoking, via stratification or multivariable regression modelling to statistically control for smoking, one finds that the association between birth weight and mortality may be attenuated towards the null. (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • On balance the weight of existing research supports there being a weak but none-the-less significant causal relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • take
  • In the developed world most deliveries occur in hospital, while in the developing world most births take place at home with the support of a traditional birth attendant. (wikipedia.org)