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  • species
  • The described SLST strategy may be applied to any bacterial species with a basically clonal population structure to achieve easy typing and mapping of multiple phylotypes in complex microbiotas. (nih.gov)
  • recurrentis types, produced singleclusters for each relapsing fever species (Table2, Figure 2). (nih.gov)
  • The arrangement of spore layers is as follows: Exosporium Spore coat Spore cortex Core wall The position of the endospore differs among bacterial species and is useful in identification. (wikipedia.org)
  • clonal
  • An isolate of C. jejuni from each of 153 patients from New South Wales, Australia, collected sequentially over a period of 30 months from 1999 to 2001 and comprising 40 sequence types (ST) from 15 clonal complexes (CC) was examined. (edu.au)
  • Antibiotics
  • Necessary controls include a control plate that does not receive any antibiotics and bacterial spread plates demonstrating that the bacterial inocula are in the correct concentration range. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lowest concentration of antibiotics that prevented bacterial growth is considered to be the minimum inhibitory concentration of that antibiotic against that bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccines
  • that were all located in surface-exposed loops of the trimeric outer membrane porin, aiming at developing multivalent live bacterial vaccines (12-15). (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Insect pathogens molecular approaches and techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Southern blotting, northern blotting, western blotting and Eastern blotting are molecular techniques for detecting the presence of microbial DNA sequences (Southern), RNA sequences (northern), protein molecules (western) or protein modifications (Eastern). (wikipedia.org)
  • DGGE
  • For example, it is difficult for the DGGE method to detect microbes that comprise less than 0.5%-1% of a bacterial community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sequence Analysis
  • Type designations according to MLST9 and MLST8 schemes and ribotyping are also given, in addition to the traditional type assignments based on recA and tly sequence analysis. (nih.gov)
  • Hospital
  • Antibiogram and ERIC-PCR typing suggest a dispersion of clones associated with colonization or sepsis among the wards of the Neonatal Unit in the surveyed hospital. (iec.gov.br)
  • The technique for producing STAP cells was subsequently studied by Obokata at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), while she was studying as a post doc under Charles Vacanti, and then at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • assay
  • As a consequence, many sophisticated techniques including Ames Assay, in vitro and in vivo Toxicology Tests, and Comet Assay have been developed to assess the chemicals' potential to cause DNA damage that may lead to cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay, also known as the Ames Assay, is used in laboratories to test for gene mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Biomolecular engineering will produce new designs for therapeutic drugs and high-value biomolecules for treatment or prevention of cancers, genetic diseases, and other types of metabolic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique for the creation of an effective immunogen is most often applied to bacterial polysaccharides for the prevention of invasive bacterial disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • fragment
  • We used an IGS fragment for typing East African relapsing fever Borrelia spp. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, the enzyme will produce one fragment length for each type of microbe present in the sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • She repeated the experiment with other cell types including brain, skin, and muscle cells with the same result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial display is often coupled with magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) or fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the rest of a bacterial cell may stain, the endospore is left colourless. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main types within the cell are terminal, subterminal, and centrally placed endospores. (wikipedia.org)