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  • bacterium
  • the capsule appears as a clear halo around the bacterium as the ink can't penetrate the capsule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maneval's capsule stain: the capsule appears as a clear halo between the pink-stained bacterium and the bluish-grey stained background. (wikipedia.org)
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis The yeast Cryptococcus neoformans, though not a bacterium, has a similar capsule. (wikipedia.org)
  • acquisition of the causative bacterium from another individual, colonization, invasion of mucosal epithelium resulting in bacteremia, haematogenous dissemination, invasion of the blood-brain barrier and, finally, the occurrence of inflammatory changes within the subarachnoid space consequent upon bacterial multiplication within the central nervous system (Figure 1). (springer.com)
  • Specific forms of vaginal inflammation include the following types: Infectious vaginitis accounts for 90% of all cases in reproductive age women: Candidiasis: vaginitis caused by proliferation of Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei Bacterial vaginosis: vaginitis caused by increased growth of Gardnerella (a bacterium). (wikipedia.org)
  • sugars
  • Prevnar (PCV7) is a heptavalent vaccine, meaning that it contains the cell capsule sugars of seven serotypes of the bacteria S. pneumoniae (4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F), conjugated with diphtheria proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • The bacterial cell wall and materials adhering to its surface are the main ways in which we differentiate one species or strain from another. (scienceprofonline.com)
  • Bacteria evolving resistance against the action of multiple drugs and its ability to disseminate the multidrug resistance trait(s) across various strains of the same bacteria or different bacterial species impose serious threat to public health. (frontiersin.org)
  • microscope
  • For examination under the microscope, the bacteria and their background are stained darker than the capsule, which doesn't stain. (wikipedia.org)
  • When examined under the microscope, the capsule appears 'swollen' due to an increase in its refractivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Capsule was visualized under light microscope after certain staining techniques. (readtiger.com)
  • survival
  • Recent data have shown that a variety of cellular processes essential for bacterial survival and virulence are regulated by the phosphorylation of certain endogenous proteins catalyzed by specific tyrosine kinases. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Evolution of such multidrug resistance is due to the fact that, most of the antibiotics target bacterial survival mechanisms which exert selective pressure on the bacteria and aids them to escape from the action of antibiotics. (frontiersin.org)
  • permit
  • It may permit bacterial colonies to survive chemical sterilization with chlorine, iodine, and other chemicals, leaving autoclaving or flushing with boiling water as the only certain methods of decontaminating. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell wall
  • Some bacterial cells are surrounded by a viscous substance forming a covering layer or envelope around the cell wall. (readtiger.com)
  • What are the 2 main differences between the gram positive and the gram negative bacterial cell wall? (brainscape.com)
  • In addition, the capsule and several factors embedded in the cell wall, including M protein, lipoteichoic acid, and protein F (SfbI) facilitate attachment to various host cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • When viewed, bacterial cells as well as the surface they are on, are stained dark, while the capsule remains pale or colorless and appears as a ring, or halo, around the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The capsule can protect cells from engulfment by eukaryotic cells, such as macrophages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using a high speed blender they were able to force the bacteriophages from the bacterial cells after adsorption. (wikipedia.org)
  • surface
  • As a result of this combination, and precipitation of the large, complex molecule formed, the capsule appears to swell, because of increased surface tension, and its outlines become clearly demarcated. (wikipedia.org)
  • host
  • In their experiments, Hershey and Chase showed that when bacteriophages, which are composed of DNA and protein, infect bacteria, their DNA enters the host bacterial cell, but most of their protein does not. (wikipedia.org)
  • remains
  • It was found that these "ghosts" could adsorb to bacteria that were susceptible to T2, although they contained no DNA and were simply the remains of the original bacterial capsule. (wikipedia.org)
  • fungal
  • Advanced Enzymes prides itself as one of the few manufacturers in the world that produces a full-spectrum of enzymes derived from all four natural origins: plant, fungal, bacterial and animal. (advancedenzymes.com)
  • contain
  • Since small and toy breeds have a much smaller jaw but contain the same number of teeth, crowding allows higher bacterial build up and puts them at higher risk of developing periodontal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • either
  • In the first double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 103 people with BPH were assigned to take either placebo or 2 capsules of a standardized grass pollen extract 3 times daily for a period of 12 weeks. (sahealth.com)
  • The vaccine is presented either as enteric coated capsules or as a liquid suspension. (wikipedia.org)