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  • cirrhosis
  • In 1977, we reported our findings (2) in eight patients, with diuretic-resistant ascites due to cirrhosis, treated 11 times by reinfusion of concentrated ascitic fluid (Rhodiascit, Rhône-Poulenc, France). (annals.org)
  • However, nontumorous ascitic fluids obtained from adjuvant-stimulated mice and a human liver cirrhosis case did not contain any such inhibitory activity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Patient demographics: A total of 88 patients (40 SBP and 48 CNNA) with advanced liver cirrhosis had been identified with ascitic fluid infection. (freethesaurus.com)
  • SBP is thought to result from a combination of factors inherent in cirrhosis and ascites, such as prolonged bacteremia secondary to compromised host defenses, intrahepatic shunting of colonized blood, and defective bactericidal activity within the ascitic fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roughly, transudates are a result of increased pressure in the hepatic portal vein (>8 mmHg, usually around 20 mmHg), e.g. due to cirrhosis, while exudates are actively secreted fluid due to inflammation or malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • drainage
  • Treatment of ascites will depend on the underlying cause but can include drainage of the fluid, bed rest, low salt diet, reduced fluid intake and drug treatment. (brighthub.com)
  • We aim to determine whether severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage, is associated with increased risk of late obstetrics complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We assessed the obstetrics and neonatal outcome measures of 16 patients admitted to our gynecology ward during a 6-year period, with severe OHSS complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid sequestration necessitating drainage, is not associated with adverse late pregnancy outcome, except probably for preterm labor. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This disparity in the observed outcomes probably results from the inclusion of patients with OHSS, not exclusively limited to those with significant increase in vascular permeability, as reflected by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prompted by the aforementioned observations, we sought to address whether severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage), is associated with increased risk of late obstetrical complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • ascites fluid
  • The SAAG may be a better discriminant than the older method of classifying ascites fluid as a transudate versus exudate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In medicine, shifting dullness refers to a sign elicited on physical examination for ascites (fluid in the peritoneal cavity). (wikipedia.org)
  • Two forms of hepatorenal syndrome have been defined: Type 1 HRS entails a rapidly progressive decline in kidney function, while type 2 HRS is associated with ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdomen) that does not improve with standard diuretic medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastrointestinal tract
  • suggested 3 diagnostic criteria which is still widely used: the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms, histological demonstration of eosinophilic infiltration in one or more areas of the gastrointestinal tract or presence of high eosinophil count in ascitic fluid (latter usually indicates subserosal variety), no evidence of parasitic or extraintestinal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Melatonin was detected in ascetic fluid in 24 patients of group HE 2 and 27 patients of group HE 2 of hepatic encephalopathy. (hindawi.com)
  • Ascitic fluid from ovarian cancer patients ( n = 16), but not from patients with other cancers or with benign diseases, contains a growth-promoting activity which induces the proliferation of both fresh ovarian cancer cells ( n = 5) and the ovarian cancer cell line HEY. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The first description of SBP did not include those patients who had a negative ascitic fluid culture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • transudate
  • citation needed] Ascites exists in three grades: Grade 1: mild, only visible on ultrasound and CT Grade 2: detectable with flank bulging and shifting dullness Grade 3: directly visible, confirmed with the fluid wave/thrill test Ascitic fluid can accumulate as a transudate or an exudate. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • A wide variety of laboratory tests can then be carried out on this fluid. (brighthub.com)
  • In their discussion, they state that extracorporeal ultrafiltration devices for the reinfusion of ascitic fluid have not been associated with laboratory evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation. (annals.org)
  • ovarian
  • Incubation of fresh or cultured ovarian cancer cells with a partially purified preparation of ascitic fluid stimulates phosphatidylinositol turnover and increases cytosolic-free calcium. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Therefore, ascitic fluid appears to contain one or more previously unidentified growth factors which activate ovarian cancer cells through phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and resultant changes in cytosolic-free calcium. (aacrjournals.org)
  • follicular fluid the fluid in a developing ovarian follicle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • While direct action of excessive gonadotropins on ovarian tissue accounts for the ovarian enlargement, none of the hitherto reported studies have identified the cause of the third space fluid-shifting phenomenon. (biomedcentral.com)
  • infections
  • Anaerobic and fungal infections of the ascitic fluid are rare but have been reported with organisms such as Aeromonas, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Candida species, Salmonella paratyphi A, and Pasteurella multocida. (wikipedia.org)
  • litres
  • However a variety of disease conditions can result in fluid build up of several litres (known as ascites ). (brighthub.com)
  • If the borders between tympanic (resonant) and dull notes remain the same, the person probably does not have ascites, or has less than 2 litres of free fluid present. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • interstitial fluid the extracellular fluid bathing most tissues, excluding the fluid within the lymph and blood vessels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) at greater than 250 cells per mm3 (equals a cell count of 250 x106/L) fluid in the absence of another reason for this (such as inflammation of one of the internal organs or a perforation). (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • A low-molecular-weight fraction (M.W. ∼700) that specifically impairs the induction of type II interferon in mice by purified protein derivative of tuberculin or OK-432 was isolated from the cell-free ascitic fluid of mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • L1210 are mouse lymphocytic leukemia cells which are derived from the ascitic fluid of 8-month-old female mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as regulation and prevention of complications from altered fluid and/or electrolyte levels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • cells
  • Due to its high lipophilicity melatonin released from pinealocytes easily penetrates all cells and enters the body fluids [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Cancer cells in ascitic fluid. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The ascitic fluid growth factor(s) appears to signal cells through binding and activation of specific, saturable, high-affinity cell surface receptors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 2 a body fluid, either intracellular or extracellular, involved in the transport of electrolytes and other vital chemicals to, through, and from tissue cells. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • test
  • Abdominal examination Fluid wave test Bulging flanks Puddle sign Murray Longmore, Ian B. Wilinson, Edward H. Dawvidson, Alexander Foulkes and Ahmad R. Mafi Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 8thEdition Oxford University Press 2010 ISBN 978-0-19-923217-8 Clark, ed. by Parveen Kumar, Michael (2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • intracellular fluid the portion of the total body water with its dissolved solutes which are within the cell membranes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Loss of a small volume of fluid will not cause a problem but an acidosis is common if the volume of pancreatic fluid lost from the body is large. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • The examiner's index finger remains on the resonant side, and the middle finger remains on the dull side, straddling the fluid-air level. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the fluid causing the dullness was not free, then the air-fluid level would not move. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • Type 2 HRS is thought to be part of a spectrum of illness associated with increased pressures in the portal vein circulation, which begins with the development of fluid in the abdomen (ascites). (wikipedia.org)
  • sufficient
  • After waiting sufficient time for any fluid to shift (up to 30 seconds), the dull position is then percussed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spectrum continues with diuretic-resistant ascites, where the kidneys are unable to excrete sufficient sodium to clear the fluid even with the use of diuretic medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • circulation
  • The increase in hydrostatic pressure causes more fluid to leave the circulation into the peritoneal space (ascites). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a long tube with a non-return valve running subcutaneously from the peritoneum to the internal jugular vein in the neck, which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. (wikipedia.org)