• gastrointestinal tract
  • suggested 3 diagnostic criteria which is still widely used: the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms, histological demonstration of eosinophilic infiltration in one or more areas of the gastrointestinal tract or presence of high eosinophil count in ascitic fluid (latter usually indicates subserosal variety), no evidence of parasitic or extraintestinal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Melatonin was detected in ascetic fluid in 24 patients of group HE 2 and 27 patients of group HE 2 of hepatic encephalopathy. (hindawi.com)
  • Ascitic fluid from ovarian cancer patients ( n = 16), but not from patients with other cancers or with benign diseases, contains a growth-promoting activity which induces the proliferation of both fresh ovarian cancer cells ( n = 5) and the ovarian cancer cell line HEY. (aacrjournals.org)
  • cells
  • Due to its high lipophilicity melatonin released from pinealocytes easily penetrates all cells and enters the body fluids [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Cancer cells in ascitic fluid. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The ascitic fluid growth factor(s) appears to signal cells through binding and activation of specific, saturable, high-affinity cell surface receptors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Incubation of fresh or cultured ovarian cancer cells with a partially purified preparation of ascitic fluid stimulates phosphatidylinositol turnover and increases cytosolic-free calcium. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Therefore, ascitic fluid appears to contain one or more previously unidentified growth factors which activate ovarian cancer cells through phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and resultant changes in cytosolic-free calcium. (aacrjournals.org)
  • SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) at greater than 250 cells per mm3 (equals a cell count of 250 x106/L) fluid in the absence of another reason for this (such as inflammation of one of the internal organs or a perforation). (wikipedia.org)
  • L1210 are mouse lymphocytic leukemia cells which are derived from the ascitic fluid of 8-month-old female mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • cirrhosis
  • SBP is thought to result from a combination of factors inherent in cirrhosis and ascites, such as prolonged bacteremia secondary to compromised host defenses, intrahepatic shunting of colonized blood, and defective bactericidal activity within the ascitic fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roughly, transudates are a result of increased pressure in the hepatic portal vein (>8 mmHg, usually around 20 mmHg), e.g. due to cirrhosis, while exudates are actively secreted fluid due to inflammation or malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • A low-molecular-weight fraction (M.W. ∼700) that specifically impairs the induction of type II interferon in mice by purified protein derivative of tuberculin or OK-432 was isolated from the cell-free ascitic fluid of mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • test
  • Abdominal examination Fluid wave test Bulging flanks Puddle sign Murray Longmore, Ian B. Wilinson, Edward H. Dawvidson, Alexander Foulkes and Ahmad R. Mafi Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 8thEdition Oxford University Press 2010 ISBN 978-0-19-923217-8 Clark, ed. by Parveen Kumar, Michael (2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • We suggest that managing potential premature delivery (e.g., with tocolysis) is important in cases with polyhydramnios and excess fluid in fetal body areas, such as the thorax, abdomen, and heart. (hindawi.com)
  • Loss of a small volume of fluid will not cause a problem but an acidosis is common if the volume of pancreatic fluid lost from the body is large. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • The examiner's index finger remains on the resonant side, and the middle finger remains on the dull side, straddling the fluid-air level. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the fluid causing the dullness was not free, then the air-fluid level would not move. (wikipedia.org)
  • phenomenon
  • While direct action of excessive gonadotropins on ovarian tissue accounts for the ovarian enlargement, none of the hitherto reported studies have identified the cause of the third space fluid-shifting phenomenon. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This phenomenon is the result of Starling's forces between the fluid of the circulatory system and ascitic fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • sufficient
  • After waiting sufficient time for any fluid to shift (up to 30 seconds), the dull position is then percussed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spectrum continues with diuretic-resistant ascites, where the kidneys are unable to excrete sufficient sodium to clear the fluid even with the use of diuretic medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • circulation
  • The increase in hydrostatic pressure causes more fluid to leave the circulation into the peritoneal space (ascites). (wikipedia.org)
  • Type 2 HRS is thought to be part of a spectrum of illness associated with increased pressures in the portal vein circulation, which begins with the development of fluid in the abdomen (ascites). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a long tube with a non-return valve running subcutaneously from the peritoneum to the internal jugular vein in the neck, which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • rare
  • Anaerobic and fungal infections of the ascitic fluid are rare but have been reported with organisms such as Aeromonas, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Candida species, Salmonella paratyphi A, and Pasteurella multocida. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • Contrary to earlier theories, transmucosal migration of bacteria from the gut to the ascitic fluid is no longer considered to play a major role in the etiology of SBP. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • Loss of bicarbonate-rich pancreatic fluid via a pancreatic fistula can result in a hyperchloraemic or normal anion gap metabolic acidosis. (wikipedia.org)