• inability
  • This low arousal results in the inability or difficulty to sustain attention on any task of waning stimulation or novelty, as well as explaining compulsive hyperactive behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • Thus, different motives may be subserved by different hormones, making it unlikely that all motives lead to the same state of physiological arousal. (springer.com)
  • Arousal episodes account for 86% of estimated costs of a complete hibernation cycle including torpor when at 2°C and only 23% at −12°C. Thus, due to the higher costs of steady-state metabolism during torpor, proportional metabolic costs of arousal episodes at T a characteristic of the Arctic are diminished compared to relative costs of arousals in more temperate conditions. (springer.com)
  • Low arousal most likely refers to when a person is in a state of low arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of individuals spend time in a state of arousal equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1981) investigated this phenomenon and found that those in an unrelated aroused state will rate an attractive confederate more highly than a rater without arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • In a case study, there was a significant reduction in verbal and physical aggression following the application of low arousal approaches with an adult with an intellectual disability in a hospital setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorder
  • Arousal disorder in patients with cardiac failure? (rxpgnews.com)
  • A study in the Jan. 1 issue of the journal Sleep demonstrates that the frequent arousals from sleep that occur in heart failure patients with central sleep apnoea (CSA) may reflect the presence of another underlying arousal disorder rather than being a defensive mechanism to terminate apnoeas. (rxpgnews.com)
  • The authors suggest that hear failure patients with CSA may have a "predisposition to hyperarousability," and in some there may be an underlying arousal disorder accompanied by sleep disruption that is neither a consequence of CSA nor of impaired cardiac function. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Animal research on arousal has attempted to link deficiencies to conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease, and autism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term is often used in the diagnosis of women (female sexual arousal disorder), while the term erectile dysfunction (ED) is often used for men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contrary to popular belief, the disorder is not always caused from a lack of sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • theory
  • The current paper provides an overview of the traditional behavioral approach to the analysis of sexual arousal, and outlines Relational Frame Theory as a modern behavioral approach to human language, cognition, and complex behavior in general. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Arousal is not a new construct and was originally proposed as an explanatory theory for autism spectrum disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, ASD is a heterogeneous condition and the assumption that hyper-arousal should be a general explanatory theory of autism was too broad. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lack of the empathy associated with ASPD is thought to be linked to the low arousal theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • A relational frame approach to the analysis of human sexual arousal is then outlined and its interpretative power in dealing with a range of complex human sexual behavior is demonstrated. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Finally, we will describe how RFT may shed light on the relationship between predispositions to sexual behavior and the emergence of complex and novel sexual arousal patterns established through learning histories. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Symptoms
  • When examined under an MRI, the brains of the men who received the hormone showed increased activity in the areas of the brain typically activated by sexual arousal and romance , and afterward reported a reduction in depressive symptoms. (aarp.org)
  • level
  • The Yerkes-Dodson law states that an optimal level of arousal for performance exists, and too little or too much arousal can adversely affect task performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dermer, M., & Bersheid, E. Self-report of arousal as an indicant of activation level. (springer.com)
  • In the first condition, the men who were surveyed during their cross over the bridge would have had their arousal level increased as they were speaking to the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a level of humiliation involved, by which they find sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • The physiologic signs of persistent arousal are intrusive, unwanted, and disruptive to the women who experience them. (emaxhealth.com)
  • activity
  • It is crucial for motivating certain behaviours, such as mobility, the pursuit of nutrition, the fight-or-flight response and sexual activity (the arousal phase of Masters and Johnson 's human sexual response cycle ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The arousal may be triggered not only by sexual activity, but also by seemingly nonsexual situations or no obvious stimulus at all. (emaxhealth.com)
  • absence
  • In particular, recent research has demonstrated that human sexual arousal patterns can emerge in the absence of a history of instrumental learning or stimulus association. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • causes
  • Stimulation of these axons and release of serotonin causes cortical arousal and impacts locomotion and mood. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • A theoretical rationale for a collection of short-term non-aversive behaviour management strategies described as low arousal approaches is to avoid the use of punishing consequences to behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • show
  • Results indicate that after three months of treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, heart failure patients with CSA show no significant improvement in the frequency of their arousals or in their sleep structure even though breathing pauses are significantly reduced by 55 percent from 35.4 central apneas and hypopnoeas per hour to 16.1 events per hour. (rxpgnews.com)
  • people
  • Historically, hypo-arousal in people with an ASD has also been proposed as a factor to specific stimuli, although with limited laboratory evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of people with an ASD, two distinct arousal groupings have an effect on behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study conducted showed that people diagnosed with ASPD showed less physiological arousal to pictures of people crying than people who were not. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • According to the authors, arousals in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are considered to be an important defense mechanism to terminate apnoeas, and treating OSA with CPAP immediately reduces the frequency of arousals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • In contrast, arousals in heart failure patients with CSA often occur several breaths after apnoea termination. (rxpgnews.com)
  • In heart failure patients with CSA, arousal from sleep may be incidental to, or play a causative role in, the development of CSA by rendering the respiratory control system unstable. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Thus factors other than sleep apnoea such as pulmonary congestion during the night, other comorbidities, or medications, may explain the frequent arousals that heart failure patients experience. (rxpgnews.com)
  • experience
  • One of the initial studies looking into this phenomenon conducted by Schachter and Singer (1962) was based on the idea that the experience of arousal could be ambiguous and therefore misattributed to an incorrect stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • Bradley said, "These results indicate that unlike OSA, arousals from sleep in CSA are not protective, but probably have the opposite effect: they appear to be causative. (rxpgnews.com)
  • system
  • The limbic system is important for control of mood, and the nucleus accumbens signal excitement and arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Although there has been limited applied research into the treatment of sexual dysfunction, basic research into the emergence and maintenance of sexual arousal patterns has been sparse by any standards. (thefreelibrary.com)