• venom
  • The venom is important to the red imported fire ant, enabling it to capture its prey and to defend itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Venom plays an important role in a red imported fire ant colony, being used to capture prey items, for defence, and antimicrobial action. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like all fire ant species, venom is secreted by the venom gland and is stored in the poison sac. (wikipedia.org)
  • Piperidines include trans-2-methyl-6-n-undecylpiperidines, trans-2-Methyl-6-n-tridecylpiperidine, trans-2-Methyl-6-(cis-4-tridecenyl) piperidines, trans-2-methyl-6-n-pentadecylpiperidine, trans-2-methyl-6-(cis-6-pentadecenyl)piperidine and 2,6-dialkylpiperidines (the ants' venom is dominated by the trans stereoisomers of this specific ingredient). (wikipedia.org)
  • A quarter of all victims stung by red imported fire ants are expected to develop sensitivity to the venom, and approximately 6,000 will suffer anaphylaxis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is considered the primary toxin in the venom and may be the component responsible for the cardiorespiratory failure in people who experience excessive fire ant stings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally synthesized in 1998, several groups have designed novel and creative methods of synthesizing enantiopure solenopsin and other alkaloidal components of ant venom. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • These results suggest that the MG synthesizes mainly palmitic, linoleic, oleic, and stearic acids in these two ants, whereas PPG contains hydrocarbon mixes that widely vary between these two phylogenetically related species. (biomedsearch.com)
  • people
  • In the United States, more than 40 million people live in areas infested with fire ant populations and 14 million people are stung by them annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a survey conducted in South Carolina, 33,000 people (or 94 per 10,000 population) received medical attention due to red imported fire ants, and 660 people (1.9 per 10 000 population) were treated for anaphylaxis. (wikipedia.org)
  • homes
  • Ants can be common pests in homes. (illinois.edu)
  • Some ants build nests in soil producing characteristic mounds while others nest in homes behind moldings, baseboards, countertops and similar places. (illinois.edu)
  • In Australia, 64,000 homes are within red imported fire ant infested areas, and 140,000 consultations and 3,000 anaphylactic reaction cases are predicted every year by 2030 if government efforts to eradicate the ant fail. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • Both ants, in addition, have small but significant amounts of hydrocarbons in their MG reservoir, which are the same as those found in their postpharyngeal glands (PPG). (biomedsearch.com)