• incidence
  • When a universal antenatal GBS screening-based strategy is used to identify women who are given an intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis, a substantial reduction of incidence up to 80% has been reported in the USA as in other countries including European countries. (diva-portal.org)
  • endophthalmitis
  • The review showed high-certainty evidence that antibiotic injections in the eye with cefuroxime at the end of surgery lowers the chance of endophthalmitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, the review showed moderate evidence that antibiotic eye drops (levofloxacin or chloramphenicol) with antibiotic injections (cefuroxime or penicillin) probably lowers the chance of endophthalmitis compared with injections or eye drops alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • We will randomly assigned patients into two groups, hopefully differentiated only by the duration of antibiotic administration (single dose vs. 24 hours). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients whose swabs indicate colonization with ciprofloxacin-susceptible gram-negative bacteria (CS-GNB) will receive ciprofloxacin as pre-procedure prophylaxis and those whose swabs indicate colonization with ciprofloxacin-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CR-GNB) will receive pre-procedure antimicrobial prophylaxis based on study protocol. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients over 70 years old are also at increased risk of experiencing adverse reactions to some antibiotics. (mouthhealthy.org)
  • Two trials of surgical patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria only (255 participants) compared one type of antibiotic prophylaxis with another and neither study showed a significant difference in cases of bacteriuria. (cochrane.org)
  • The patients will be randomly allocated to either the placebo group (n=108), to receive 10 mL of intravenous sterile saline, or to the antibiotic group (n=108), to receive 1 g of intravenous cefazolin 30 minutes before the surgery. (omicsonline.org)
  • The American Heart Association (AHA) now recommends antibiotic prophylaxis for very few patients since only a small number of cases of endocarditis might be prevented by this procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scheduled antibiotics were given perioperatively for 24 hours and all patients were followed-up for 6 months. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although the ADA, in collaboration with AHA and AAOS have published guidelines specifying those patients who should receive antibiotic prophylaxis, research continues to further define the role dental treatment may play in causing adverse outcomes in these patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there is little evidence to support antibiotic prophylaxis for dental treatment, the current AHA guidelines are highly accepted by clinicians and patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • The investigators will compare 2 groups: men whose rectal swabs do not show ciprofloxacin-resistant bacteria will receive ciprofloxacin prior to biopsy, and men whose swabs do show ciprofloxacin-resistant bacteria will receive alternative antibiotics based on their culture results. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria were identified in most studies but there was no definite link made to the use of antibiotics. (cochrane.org)
  • Antibiotic concentrations measured in tissues was then be compared to concentrations required to kill bacteria to serve as foundation of anti-infective therapies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Norfloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient
  • For the Patient: What Is Antibiotic Prophylaxis? (mouthhealthy.org)
  • Worldwide experience with antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery has proven to be effective and cost-efficient, both avoiding severe patient suffering while saving lives (provided the appropriate antibiotics have been carefully chosen and used to the best of current medical knowledge). (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient needs urgent examination by an ophthalmologist, preferably a vitreoretinal specialist who will usually decide for urgent intervention to provide intravitreal injection of potent antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • 7 - 9 With increasing concerns about bacterial antibiotic resistance and unknown long-term effects, a growing number of physicians and parents are challenging the necessity and effectiveness of CAP in preventing UTIs. (aappublications.org)
  • The use of antibiotics can be associated with allergic or toxic reactions, adverse effects, drug interactions and increasing bacterial resistance. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • risk
  • Using endometritis as an example, the relative risk reduction when using antibiotic prophylaxis is 61% for non-elective c-sections and 75% in elective c-sections. (bmj.com)
  • Drugs should be selected with a reasonable spectrum of activity against pathogens likely to be encountered, and antibiotics should be chosen with kinetics that will ensure adequate serum and tissue levels throughout the risk period. (wikipedia.org)
  • allergic reactions
  • Risks related to antibiotic use include nausea, upset stomach and allergic reactions, including anaphylactic shock (a severe allergic reaction that can be life threatening). (mouthhealthy.org)
  • However, there was no evidence concerning the chance of allergic reactions or other side effects from the antibiotics. (cochrane.org)
  • dental
  • If you have had a joint replacement and taken antibiotics before dental work in the past, you may not need to make a trip to the pharmacy before your next procedure. (mouthhealthy.org)