• general
  • Patients recovering from general anesthesia must be assessed constantly until they have reacted. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When patients are awakening from general anesthesia they may be restless, attempting to get out of bed or even striking out at those around them because they are afraid and disoriented. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 3 , 4 Potential mechanisms for either cognitive disorder or neurodegeneration after general anesthesia are numerous, including N -methyl-D-aspartate-mediated excitotoxicity, oxidative stress, suppression of cholinergic signal transduction, and enhancement of protein oligomerization. (asahq.org)
  • Female patient, aged 6 years and 8 months, 25 kg, diagnosed with pulmonary alveolar proteinoisis, who underwent whole-lung lavage by sequential lobar fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia and spontaneous ventilation. (scielo.br)
  • This report describes the WLL by sequential lobar fiberoptic bronchoscopy in a pediatric patient under general anesthesia and spontaneous ventilation. (scielo.br)
  • WLL was then indicated and performed by sequential lobar fiberoptic bronchoscopy with the patient under general anesthesia. (scielo.br)
  • General Anesthesia - Unarousable even with painful stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guedel's classification is a means of assessing of depth of general anesthesia introduced by Arthur Ernest Guedel (1883-1956) in 1937. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since general anesthesia first became widely used in late 1846, assessment of anesthetic depth was a problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1847, John Snow (1813-1858) and Francis Plomley attempted to describe various stages of general anesthesia, but Guedel in 1937 described a detailed system which was generally accepted. (wikipedia.org)
  • The introduction of neuromuscular blocking agents (such as succinylcholine and tubocurarine) changed the concept of general anesthesia as it could produce temporary paralysis (a desired feature for surgery) without deep anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 1845, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston allowed Wells to demonstrate the method of anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there has been a great deal of debate as to who deserves the most credit for the discovery of general anesthesia, it is generally agreed that certain scientific discoveries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries were critical to the eventual introduction and development of modern anesthetic techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concurrent with these developments were the significant advances in pharmacology and physiology which led to the development of general anesthesia and the control of pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 20th century, the safety and efficacy of general anesthesia was improved by the routine use of tracheal intubation and other advanced airway management techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first attempts at general anesthesia were probably herbal remedies administered in prehistory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three broad categories of anaesthesia exist: General anesthesia suppresses central nervous system activity and results in unconsciousness and total lack of sensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The administration of general anesthesia in operative procedures was publicly demonstrated by William Thomas Green Morton (1819-1868) in Boston, October 1846 as the first successful practice of its kind. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospital
  • This hospital is equipped with some of the state of art facilities including 500 mA Siemens X ray machine, , 2D diagostic ultrasound, large and small animal 4D ultrasound color Doppler units, phaco emulsifiers, operating microscope, 9" C arm image intensifier, inhalation anesthesia machines with different vaporizers, multiparameter patient monitors, oxygenators etc. 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • secretion
  • Laryngeal reflex is lost although inflammation of the upper respiratory tract increases reflex irritability, corneal reflex disappears, secretion of tears increases (a useful sign of light anesthesia), respiration is automatic and regular, movement and deep breathing as a response to skin stimulation disappears. (wikipedia.org)
  • John Snow
  • John Snow was responsible for anesthetizing the Queen and is also attributed for influencing public and medical opinions on obstetric anesthesia through his various recorded experiences Though the birth of the Queen's 8th child Prince Leopold on April 7, 1853 was not generally publicized, the London social elite were aware of the use of chloroform in this delivery and found it appealing. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgeries
  • United States Anesthesia Drugs Market is projected to reach US$ 5 Billion by the year 2024 owing to the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular cases, rising geriatric population and growing number of urgent surgeries in the United States. (gii.co.jp)
  • He observed and participated in many surgeries and noted the effects of operating without anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle relaxation
  • Anesthesia is also used for producing muscle relaxation, suppressing reflexes, and producing loss of consciousness for purposes other than prevention of pain perception. (ccac.ca)
  • Medical
  • Anesthesia enables the painless performance of medical procedures that would cause severe or intolerable pain to an unanesthetized patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • In preparing for a medical procedure, the health care provider giving anesthesia chooses and determines the doses of one or more drugs to achieve the types and degree of anesthesia characteristics appropriate for the type of procedure and the particular patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical objections were similarly disintegrated with casebook publications that reflected the safety of obstetric anesthesia for both mother and child. (wikipedia.org)
  • drugs
  • balanced anesthesia anesthesia that uses a combination of drugs, each in an amount sufficient to produce its major or desired effect to the optimum degree and to keep undesirable effects to a minimum. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Furthermore, the public and private health insurers' consideration of adding anesthetic products in their reimbursement policy is expected to boost the US anesthesia drugs market in the recent years. (gii.co.jp)
  • Primarily because anesthesia drugs are mostly sold in generic form as it is available in the low cost. (gii.co.jp)
  • This market research report provides a complete analysis of the United States Anesthesia Drugs Market and their projections for the upcoming years, Growth Drivers, Challenges, and Reimbursement policy. (gii.co.jp)
  • To achieve the goals of anesthesia, drugs act on different but interconnected parts of the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus the advent of obstetric anesthesia facilitated the use of instruments during delivery as obstetricians were afforded greater scope in terms of these materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentration
  • For a given anesthetic agent and a given MAC concentration, the BIS values are similar during wash-in and wash-out phases of anesthesia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This enables the agent to be available at a constant vapor pressure, negating the effects fluctuating ambient temperatures would otherwise have on its concentration imparted into the fresh gas flow of the anesthesia machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • temporary
  • The purpose of anesthesia can be distilled down to three basic goals or end points: hypnosis (a temporary loss of consciousness and with it a loss of memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • The proposed factors affecting output include: Temperature Specimen density Weight, content of water and essential oils Consistency of material in the filling chamber Storage time of the vapor Inhalation method (breathing technique) Not all those have been scientifically tested. (wikipedia.org)