• vapor
  • If the ammonia is replaced by a liquid vapor, such as water vapor, at a pressure higher than its room-temperature vapor pressure, a similar effect is produced. (wikipedia.org)
  • When solutions that are saturated at cold temperatures are sealed in containers and subsequently warmed, the vapor pressure of ammonia gas increases. (wikipedia.org)
  • colorless
  • Bunsen prepared the liquified ammonia by causing the perfectly dry gas to pass through a column of hydrate of potash, and thence into a tube cooled to - 40° C. The liquid ammonia is colorless, very mobile, having a specific gravity of 0.63. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Ammonia is used by aquarists for the purposes of fishless cycling, but this requires that there are no surfactants or scents, it should be colorless and shouldn't foam when shaken up. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteria
  • Tank cycling is a process during which ammonia reducing bacteria are built up sufficiently to handle the tank load. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonia transporters (TC# 1.A.11) are structurally related membrane transport proteins called Amt proteins (ammonia transporters) in bacteria and plants, methylammonium/ammonium permeases (MEPs) in yeast, or Rhesus (Rh) proteins in chordates. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • Ammonia monooxygenase (EC 1.14.99.39, AMO) is an enzyme, which catalyses the following chemical reaction ammonia + AH2 + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } NH2OH + A + H2O Ammonia monooxygenase contains copper and possibly nonheme iron. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, an ammonia kinase (EC 2.7.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + NH3 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + phosphoramide Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and NH3, whereas its two products are ADP and phosphoramide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:ammonia phosphotransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histidine ammonia-lyase (or histidase, or histidinase) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HAL gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histidine ammonia-lyase is a cytosolic enzyme catalyzing the first reaction in histidine catabolism, the nonoxidative deamination of L-histidine to trans-urocanic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithet
  • Ammonia (Greek: Ἀμμωνία) was an epithet of the Greek goddess Hera, under which she was worshiped in Elis. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis gas
  • For a 10-page description of our methodology, visit www.intratec.us/reports/industrial-processes-economics Reports Focused on Ammonia Production Economics ECONOMICS OF AMMONIA PRODUCTION FROM SYNGAS (AMMONIA E11A) This report presents the economics of Ammonia production from syngas (synthesis gas) using a typical process. (slideshare.net)
  • B. J. Grotz, US Patent No 3442613 "Hydrocarbon Reforming for Production of a Synthesis Gas from which Ammonia can be Prepared," C. F. Braun & Company (1965). (springer.com)
  • urine
  • Why does my urine smell like ammonia? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Ammonia-smelling urine is common and mostly harmless. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • There are times, however, where ammonia-smelling urine indicates a health problem. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Dehydration from not drinking enough water can cause urine to smell like ammonia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Pregnancy can sometimes cause ammonia-smelling urine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Pregnant women have a higher risk than others for UTIs, which increases their chances of having ammonia-smelling urine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hence, pregnant women should let their doctors know if they experience unpleasant-smelling urine, especially if the smell resembles ammonia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Pregnancy vitamins can also create a smell of ammonia in the urine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Ammonia , a solution of annhydrous ammonia (NH3) in water -- also called Hartshorn Water , Spirits of Hartshorn , or Aqua ammoniae -- is a common household cleaning liquid that is used in hoodoo rootwork as a magical cleanser, purifier, and protectant, perhaps as a replacement for raw Urine, which has long been used in spells of protection . (luckymojo.com)
  • A common practice, especially among business owners, is to add Ammonia (as a substitute for urine) to sidewalk scrubbing water, generally with Cinnamon powder and Sugar, and to mop or sweep inward, toward the front door, while reciting the 23rd Psalm, to draw sweet customers with money to spend. (luckymojo.com)
  • This was caused by the ammonia fumes from the horse urine reacting with the wood. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1971
  • The Vemork hydroelectric plant in Norway used its surplus electricity output to generate renewable ammonia from 1911 to 1971, requiring 15 MWh/Ton of nitric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • caustic
  • When caustic soda is mixed with Chili saltpetre, much ammonia is liberated, which can be condensed and saved. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Although common in nature and in wide use, ammonia is both caustic and hazardous in its concentrated form. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • The ammonia of the boracic acid works of Italy is also saved, and some establishments yield 3,300 lbs. of sulphate of ammonia every 24 hours, in addition to the boracic acid which is condensed in the water. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Ammonia gas can be dissolved in water. (cdc.gov)
  • Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant and gas and water purifier, and ammonia is used in the manufacturie of textiles, plastics, dyes, explosives and pesticides. (reference.com)
  • Ammonia Water Maruishi may be available in the countries listed below. (drugs.com)
  • Industrial ammonia is sold either as ammonia liquor (usually 28% ammonia in water) or as pressurized or refrigerated anhydrous liquid ammonia transported in tank cars or cylinders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liquid ammonia has a very high standard enthalpy change of vaporization (23.35 kJ/mol, cf. water 40.65 kJ/mol, methane 8.19 kJ/mol, phosphine 14.6 kJ/mol) and can therefore be used in laboratories in uninsulated vessels without additional refrigeration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The experiment consists of introducing water through an inlet to a container filled with ammonia gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonia dissolves into the water and the pressure in the container drops. (wikipedia.org)
  • As ammonia is a base, it is stabilized by alkaline water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms include: Purple, red or bleeding gills Fish may clamp, may appear darker in color Red streaking on the fins or body Fish may gasp for air at the surface of the tank water Torn & jagged fins Fish may appear weak and lay at the bottom of the tank Ammonia poisoning is currently impossible to cure however it can be prevented easily by first cycling the tank (see below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatments include immediately reducing the ammonia level through many small water changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • copper
  • Another reported variation involves copper sulfate The Ammonia Smoke Fountain: An Interesting Thermodynamic Adventure M. Dale Alexander , Daniel T. Haworth J. Chem. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentration
  • A significantly increased concentration of ammonia in the blood indicates that the body is not effectively processing and eliminating ammonia and it may be the cause of the person's signs and symptoms. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Ammonia solutions that are formulated for industrial use tend to have a concentration of 25 percent or higher and are highly corrosive. (reference.com)
  • The concentration of such solutions is measured in units of the Baumé scale (density), with 26 degrees baumé (about 30% (by weight) ammonia at 15.5 °C or 59.9 °F) being the typical high-concentration commercial product. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ammonia solutions decrease in density as the concentration of dissolved ammonia increases. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • An ammonia test may be performed when a child develops these same symptoms about a week following a viral illness, such as influenza or chickenpox , or when a healthcare practitioner suspects that the child may have Reye syndrome . (labtestsonline.org)
  • Moderate short-lived increases in ammonia are relatively common in newborns, where the level may rise and fall without causing noticeable symptoms. (labtestsonline.org)
  • This can make correlation of a person's symptoms to ammonia blood levels difficult. (labtestsonline.org)
  • methane
  • A typical modern ammonia-producing plant first converts natural gas (i.e., methane) or LPG (liquefied petroleum gases such as propane and butane) or petroleum naphtha into gaseous hydrogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • catalyst
  • At high temperature and in the presence of a suitable catalyst, ammonia is decomposed into its constituent elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • This step is known as the ammonia synthesis loop (also referred to as the Haber-Bosch process): 3H2 + N2 → 2NH3 Due to the nature of the (typically multi-promoted magnetite) catalyst used in the ammonia synthesis reaction, only very low levels of oxygen-containing (especially CO, CO2 and H2O) compounds can be tolerated in the synthesis (hydrogen and nitrogen mixture) gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • dilute
  • The ions NH4+ and OH− do not account for a significant fraction of the total amount of ammonia except in extremely dilute solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • crystals
  • Some of the crude crystals of borax contain nearly 4 per cent, of ammonia, and when these are fused with soda, the ammonia is driven out and can be condensed in suitable vessels. (chestofbooks.com)
  • pressures
  • The steam reforming, shift conversion, carbon dioxide removal and methanation steps each operate at absolute pressures of about 25 to 35 bar, and the ammonia synthesis loop operates at absolute pressures ranging from 60 to 180 bar depending upon which proprietary design is used. (wikipedia.org)
  • equilibrium
  • Instructions: The objective is to determine the extents of reaction for an equilibrium ammonia reactor This spreadsheet uses the Solver Add-on available at no cost from the Chrome App Store. (google.com)
  • mainly
  • When the diesel-powered MF Storegut was launched in 1956 Ammonia was down-graded to a reserve ship, mainly serving when Storegut was for repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • AllMusic's Nitsuh Abebe rated the album at two-out-of-five stars and explained, that it is "a good example of the simplistic but hooky post-grunge (barely) Ammonia typically deals with. (wikipedia.org)