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  • Alcohol Abuse
  • This Request for Applications (RFA) is related to the priority areas of alcohol abuse reduction and alcoholism treatment. (bio.net)
  • Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, or U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (ncjfcj.org)
  • PURPOSE The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) is seeking grant applications to conduct research on alcohol's effects on sleep. (nih.gov)
  • mechanisms
  • This approach can provide a novel route to elucidating the physiological mechanisms for predisposition to alcoholism and to developing intervention strategies to diminish harmful effects of alcohol. (bio.net)
  • These research areas include the neural mechanisms of alcohol- induced sleep disturbances, persistent poor sleep as a risk marker for development of alcoholism in adolescents and non-alcoholic young adults, sleep disorders as a predictor of relapse in abstinent alcoholics, and the health consequences of alcohol's disruptive effects on sleep particularly the interaction with age, ethnicity, and gender. (nih.gov)
  • 1983
  • The National Review hailed the first edition (1983) as "a genuine revolution in the field of alcoholism research" and said that "Vaillant has combined clinical experience with an unprecedented amount of empirical data to produce what may ultimately come to be viewed as the single most important contribution to the literature of alcoholism since the first edition of AA's Big Book. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1983: Vaillant publishes The Natural History of Alcoholism: causes, patterns and paths to recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1995: Vaillant publishes a new edition entitled The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited, which includes the entire text of the 1983 edition plus new material marked "Revisited. (wikipedia.org)
  • binge
  • 56% of students reported binge drinking once a week.In comparison, the comparable figure of alcoholism for American Indian and Alaskan Native youth ("Native youth" hereafter) is approximately 80 percent (Beauvais, Oetting, & Wolf, 1989). (wikipedia.org)
  • alcoholics
  • The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited (1995) is a book by psychiatrist George E. Vaillant that describes two multi-decade studies of the lives of 600 American males, non-alcoholics at the outset, focusing on their lifelong drinking behaviours. (wikipedia.org)
  • That for most alcoholics, attempts at controlled drinking in the long term end in either abstinence or a return to alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marty Mann, the first female to achieve sobriety in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), organized the National Committee for Education on Alcoholism (NCEA) in 1944, which later became the National Council on Alcoholism (NCA) in 1950 and then NCADD in 1990 to address concern with other drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • repeal
  • Following the repeal of prohibition in 1933, the Anti-Saloon League's fortunes fell dramatically and it found itself unable to continue supporting the World League Against Alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • This treatment helps an individual to be aware of underlying issues that may have led or contributed to alcoholism (e.g., depression). (conservapedia.com)
  • That alcoholism was generally the cause of co-occurring depression, anxiety, and sociopathic (delinquent) behaviour, not the result. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • People with alcoholism have difficulty controlling their drinking, and thus tend to continue to drink despite problems that it causes. (conservapedia.com)
  • The biggest problem FUN ctional alcoholism faces today is that people misunderstand it. (collegehumor.com)
  • The use of such displays is not a glorification of alcoholism but rather a means of bringing about the public realization that alcoholism can affect even people who have reached an enviable position in society. (latimes.com)
  • Alcoholism was formerly not an issue, and the people drank in moderation with meals. (dailystrength.org)
  • The World Health Organization estimates that as of 2010 there were 208 million people with alcoholism worldwide (4.1% of the population over 15 years of age). (wikipedia.org)
  • In studying alcoholism, COGA hopes to find better ways of treating alcoholism and improving the lives of the millions of people who suffer from alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • The risk of developing alcoholism depends on many factors, such as environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In consequence, research has sought to determine the factors responsible for the development and persistence of alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • By following the men from youth to old age it was possible to chart their drinking patterns and what factors may have contributed to alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factors predicting alcoholism were related to ethnic culture, alcoholism in relatives, and a personality that is antisocial and extroverted. (wikipedia.org)
  • That means there are several different genes that influence risk factors involved in alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • anxiety
  • These reasons include: Availability of alcohol Peer pressure Role model Television Anxiety or stress There are a number of ways to preventing alcoholism throughout adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • An increased propensity for alcoholism has been associated with stress-related anxiety and dysphoria, a state of general unease or dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies
  • Evidence from twin studies show that concordance rates for alcoholism are higher for monozygotic twins than dizygotic twins-76% for monozygotic twins and 61% for dizygotic twins. (wikipedia.org)