• South Africa
  • Approaches for assessing the role of household socioeconomic status on child anthropometric measures in urban South Africa. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Data from the 1990 Birth-to-Twenty cohort study set in Johannesburg-Soweto, South Africa, were used (n = 888). (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • In South Africa the term Asian is used in the pan-continental sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the high number of Indians in South Africa, in official documentation the designation "Indian" is used to refer to both South- and East-Asians. (wikipedia.org)
  • In everyday life, many societies classify populations into groups based on phenotypical traits and impressions of probable geographic ancestry and cultural identity-these are the groups usually called "races" in countries like the United States, Brazil, and South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • T1 (L206) T1a (M70/Page46/PF5662) T1a1 (L162/Page21, L454) T1a1a (L208/Page2) T1a1a1 (CTS11451) T1a1a2 (Y16897) T1a1a2a (Z19963) T1a2 (Y16897) T1a2a (PH141/Y13244) T1a2b (L446) T1a3 (FGC1350/Y11151 ) T1a3a (Y11675/Z9798) T1a3b (FGC1340/Y8614) T2 (PH110) Haplogroup T is found at high levels in isolated pockets as far apart as Central Asia, Northeast and Eastern India, Northern Asia, Central Africa, and South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Africa
  • In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypothesis
  • The multiregional hypothesis, multiregional evolution (MRE), or polycentric hypothesis is a scientific model that provides an alternative explanation to the more widely accepted "Out of Africa" model of monogenesis for the pattern of human evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stringer describes how he considers the original Multiregional hypothesis to have been modified over time into a weaker variant that now allows a much greater role for Africa in human evolution, including anatomical modernity (and subsequently less regional continuity than was first proposed). (wikipedia.org)
  • The finding that "Mitochondrial Eve" was relatively recent and African seemed to give the upper hand to the proponents of the Out of Africa hypothesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetics
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • whites
  • Significant findings were replicated in whites and African-American participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program, in African-Americans in the Genomic Research on Asthma in the African Diaspora study, in whites and Hispanics in the Children's Health Study, and in whites in the Framingham Heart Study (FHS). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hence general population is the Christian community, which includes whites, coloureds, blacks, and a good amount of those of Indian ancestry especially Tamils who have converted to Christianity. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • Fully adjusted multiple linear regression models estimated blood lipid changes among these pregnancy groups adjusted for race, age at menarche, baseline lipids, physical inactivity, body mass index, and family sociodemographics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Mean FST values for common putatively functional variants were significantly higher than FST values for nonfunctional variants.Thus, putative functional SNPs in genes in etiologic pathways for CVD show greater population differentiation than non-functional SNPs and a significant variance of FST values was noted among pairwise population comparisons for different biological processes.These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated patterns of population differentiation (FST) of a set of genes in etiologic pathways of CVD among 3 ethnic groups: Yoruba in Nigeria (YRI), Utah residents with European ancestry (CEU), and Han Chinese (CHB) + Japanese (JPT). (nih.gov)
  • These results suggest a possible basis for varying susceptibility to CVD among ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Relationships among different Native Americans, Africans, and African Americans have been varied and complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method studies differences in the frequencies of particular allelic traits, namely polymorphisms from proteins found within human blood (such as the ABO blood groups, Rhesus blood antigens, HLA loci, immunoglobulins, G-6-P-D isoenzymes, among others). (wikipedia.org)
  • published five scientific articles, where, among other claims, they concluded that the Greek population originates from Sub-Saharan Africa and do not cluster with other Mediterraneans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hispanic
  • The population is made of 79.92% White Non-Hispanic, 5.24% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American or Alaskan Native, 11.07% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian, 1.55% were two or more races, and 1.74% were some other race. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the population 7.08% were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native American
  • Historically, certain Native American tribes have had close relations with African Americans, especially in regions where slavery was prevalent, or where free people of color have historically resided. (wikipedia.org)
  • African slaves brought to the United States and their descendants have had a history of cultural exchange and intermarriage with Native Americans, as well as with other enslaved people who possessed Native American and European ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several colonial advertisements for runaway slaves made direct reference to the connections which Africans had in Native American communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonists in South Carolina felt so concerned about the possible threat posed by the mixed African and Native American population (arising due to runaways) that they passed a new law in 1725. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child
  • The objectives of this article were to compare the variance explained in anthropometric outcomes when using individual measures of socioeconomic status (SES) versus different approaches to create SES indices within the urban African context, and to examine the influence of SES measured during infancy on child anthropometric outcomes at 7/8 years. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • Census
  • Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian). (wikipedia.org)
  • Earlier Census forms from 1980 and prior listed particular Asian ancestries as separate groups along with White and Black or Negro. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the 1980 Census marked the first general analyses of Asians as a group, combining several individual ancestry groups into "Asian or Pacific Islander. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 1990 Census, Asian or Pacific Islander (API) was included as an explicit category, although respondents had to select one particular ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • subjects
  • The differences between clinic locations may be influenced by racial distribution, in that all of the African Americans subjects were seen at the same clinic. (nih.gov)
  • descent
  • Creoles (of African descent or mixed-race) are about a quarter of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, other Native Americans and people of African descent fought alongside one another in armed struggles of resistance against U.S. expansion into Native territories, as in the Seminole Wars in Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • In specific terms, Rushton argues that the three broad racial groups that he's defined have fundamental biological differences going back through evolutionary history that cause clear-cut distinctions in modern everyday life, as well stating that generalizations about these broad groups are justified given the large nature of the gaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congress
  • He was an elected executive member of the Pan African Federation of Filmmakers Congress in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the American Revolution, Lancaster was the capital of the United States for one day, on September 27, 1777, after the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia, which had been captured by the British. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), York served as the temporary capital of the Continental Congress. (wikipedia.org)
  • race
  • METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 915 white and 892 black women enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study (age 40-79 years, half postmenopausal), serum leptin levels were compared between the race groups and across categories of body mass index (BMI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cox analysis indicated that black race was related to poorer survival in the medical group (p = 0.0006) but not in the surgical group (p = 0.28). (biomedsearch.com)
  • racial
  • Genetic analysis enables scientists to estimate the geographic ancestry of a person by using ancestry-informative markers, and by inference the probable racial category into which they will be classified in a given society. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • Linear regression models were used to investigate the association between SES (individual and index measures) during infancy and anthropometric measures at age 7/8 years, controlling for sex, age, and population group. (bournemouth.ac.uk)
  • citation needed] While the government officially groups Mauritians in four ethnic groups: Hindus, Muslims, Chinese and General population. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can help scientists understand ancient human population migrations as well as how human groups are biologically related to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • This causes genetic clusters to correlate statistically with population groups when a number of alleles are evaluated. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainstream
  • Until recently, historic relations between Native Americans and African Americans were relatively neglected in mainstream United States history studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chris Stringer, a leading proponent of the more mainstream recent African origin theory, debated Multiregionalists such as Wolpoff and Thorne in a series of publications throughout the late 1980s and 1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • slavery
  • Iberia also has an admixture level of ancestry originating in Africa, with the concentration of both being highest in Southern Portugal, which is largely ascribed to the long Moor presence in the Iberian peninsula and possibly African slavery in Portugal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant
  • A significant minority of early Chinese immigrants to Hawaii, and even fewer to the Continental US, were Hakka, and much of the animosity between the Hakka and Punti Cantonese people carried over. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands, such as the Narragansett, Pequot, Lumbee and Cherokee, have a significant degree of African ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Terms
  • In geographic terms, about 41% of the YHRD samples stem from Asia, 34% from Europe, 14% from Latin America, 5% from North America, 4% from Africa and 1% from Oceania/Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Americans
  • After the American Civil War some African Americans became members of the US Army and fought against the Native Americans, especially in the Western frontier states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Records of contacts between Africans and Native Americans date back to April 1502, when the first enslaved African arrived in Hispaniola. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the lands which later became part of the United States of America, the first recorded example of an African slave escaping from European colonists and being absorbed by Native Americans dates to 1526. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1526 the first enslaved African fled the colony and took refuge with local Native Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intermarriage between enslaved African and Native Americans began in the early 17th century in the coastal settlements[which? (wikipedia.org)
  • Hakka
  • The Hakkas usually identify with people who speak the Hakka language or share at least some Hakka ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small number of Hakka came to the continental US before the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • One group is the New England Hakka Association, which reminds its members not to forget their roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another group is the Hakka Association of New York, which aims to promote Hakka culture across the five boroughs of New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • consistent
  • The ancestry of modern Iberians (Spanish and Portuguese) is consistent with the geographical situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the south-west corner of Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • 2.7 and 2.5 Ga, but more importantly, by xenocrystic zircon found in volcanic and granitic lithologies of the Bangweulu Block, and the area to the West, the Central African Copperbelt (Rainaud et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now most commonly found in North Africa and the Middle East, T-M70 nevertheless appears to have long been present in Europe, having possibly arrived there in the Neolithic epoch with the first farmers. (wikipedia.org)
  • descendants
  • The Franco-Mauritian group, mostly are the descendants of former slave-owners, comprises the largest group of people of European origin on the island. (wikipedia.org)