• West Africa
  • de Haas' 2007 International Migration Institute study "The myth of invasion: Irregular migration from West Africa to the Maghreb and the European Union" (PDF format) is well worth study. (blogspot.com)
  • In West Africa, the main mechanisms or factors governing the dynamics of ecosystems, especially the dynamics of the carbon fluxes and productivity, still remain less known. (springer.com)
  • At Ridván 1956 three new Regional Spiritual Assemblies were established including North-West Africa which included Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1956 at Ridván, a marked holy day of the religion and a day on which major elections are held, three new Regional Spiritual Assemblies were established including that of North-West Africa with the chairmanship of Enoch Olinga In 1963 a survey of the community counted 1 assembly and 18 organized groups (between 1 and 9 adults) of Bahá'ís in Tunisia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1956 at Ridván, a marked holy day of the religion and a day on which major elections are held, three new Regional Spiritual Assemblies were established including that of North-West Africa with the chairmanship of Enoch Olinga covering Tunisia with its secretarial seat in Tunis. (wikipedia.org)
  • A regional National Spiritual Assembly of North West Africa was organized which included Morocco in 1962. (wikipedia.org)
  • She was a member of the regional National Assembly of North and West Africa (1953-58), and, in her lifetime, Local Spiritual Assemblies in five countries-including Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • A regional National Spiritual Assembly of North West Africa was organized in 1962-3 including the merging countries of French, Spanish Morocco and the Moroccan International Zone centered on Tangiers. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Africa
  • Operations on the Northern front, East Africa, 1940 in the Second World War, were conducted by the British in Sudan and the Italian Comando Forze Armate dell'Africa Orientale Italiana in Eritrea and Ethiopia. (wikipedia.org)
  • General Archibald Wavell, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of Middle East Command, had about 86,000 troops at his disposal for Libya, Iraq, Syria, Iran and East Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • British policy was to ensure the safety of shipping in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and operations in East Africa were given second priority after Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 9 May 1936, the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, proclaimed Africa Orientale Italiana (AOI Italian East Africa), formed from the colonies of Italian Eritrea and Italian Somaliland and Ethiopia, which had been occupied after the Second Italo-Ethiopian War (1935-1936). (wikipedia.org)
  • On 10 June, Mussolini declared war on Britain and France, which made Egypt vulnerable to the forces in Libia Italiana, part of Africa Settentrionale Italiana (ASI) and those in the AOI a menace to the British and French colonies in East Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Italian belligerence led to the closure of the Mediterranean to Allied merchant ships and endangered British supply routes along the coast of East Africa, the Gulf of Aden, Red Sea and the Suez Canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • East African cuisine: East Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Horn African cuisine: The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1940
  • In 1940 following a successful strike by European mine employees, violent clashes occurred in which 17 African miners were killed and 69 injured. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 1 June 1940, as the commander in chief of Comando Forze Armate dell'Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian East African Armed Forces Command) and Generale d'Armata Aerea (General of the Air Force), Aosta had about 290,476 local and metropolitan troops (including naval and air force personnel) in the AOI. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cape Province
  • Currently, Eskom (the national energy utility) plans to build a 100 MW solar tower near Upington in the Northern Cape Province, which will be commissioned in 2016 (AFDB, 2012). (scielo.org.za)
  • Libya
  • A tweet from migration researcher Heaven Crawley pointed me to Hein de Haas , a research based at Oxford whose expertise in migration in northern Africa makes him a perfect go-to person for insight on migration as it affects Libya. (blogspot.com)
  • His blog post "The real refugee crisis: African migrants trapped in Libya " . (blogspot.com)
  • The large majority of migrants fleeing the violence in Libya are returning to Egypt, Tunisia, Turkey, the Philippines, China, Bangladesh and various European and African countries. (blogspot.com)
  • Hundreds of thousands, perhaps over a million, mainly African migrants remain trapped in Libya. (blogspot.com)
  • Although there is still a lack of verifiable information, an increasing number of reports suggest that African migrants inside Libya have fallen victim to violence, robbery, imprisonment and, allegedly, murder. (blogspot.com)
  • First of all, sub-Saharan Africans are among the poorest migrants in Libya. (blogspot.com)
  • mines
  • In 1947 and 1948 unions were formed at all four major copper mines in Northern Rhodesia, and these merged to form the African Mineworkers' Union in 1949, receiving recognition from the mining companies in the same year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The strength and militancy of the AMU led the government and mining companies to support the establishment of a rival union for skilled African workers in 1953, the Mines African Staff Association (MASA). (wikipedia.org)
  • native
  • Trade union organisation among African mineworkers was first initiated in 1935, when workers spontaneously struck over an increase in the native tax levied on Africans living in urban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is found mostly in Africa, Europe, and Eurasia, but is also native to a few locales in Mexico and the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Middle East
  • He manages sales teams in Stockholm, Amsterdam, London, Dublin, Luxembourg, Channel Islands and the Middle East, responsible for offering the breath of Northern Trust's asset servicing and capital markets solutions to both asset owner and asset manager communities. (northerntrust.com)
  • areas
  • An aerial sample count was carried out in the Northern Central African Republic at the end of the dry season in June 2005 and covered an 85,000 km2 complex landscape containing national parks, hunting reserves and community hunting areas. (ac.be)
  • facilitate
  • In 1945 the new British Labour government decided to encourage the establishment of African trade unions in the British African colonies, and advisors from the British Trade Union Congress were sent to Northern Rhodesia to facilitate the process of establishing the unions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today the Independent Power Producer (IPP) Procurement Programme aims to facilitate renewable energy projects to access the South African energy market. (scielo.org.za)
  • plants
  • The high socio-economic value of freshwater species is clearly demonstrated: 46% of fish and 27% of plants utilised in northern Africa provide direct socio-economic benefits. (iucn.org)
  • Concentrated solar power (CSP) plants can play a major role in the future South African electricity mix. (scielo.org.za)
  • links
  • An inquiry, known as the Branigan Report, was established to investigate possible links between African nationalist groups and the AMU. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • This study reports the carbon fluxes over two contrasting ecosystems, notably a protected forest (lat 9.79°N, long 1.72°E, alt 414 m) and a cultivated savannah (lat 9.74°N, long 1.60°E, alt 449 m) in northern Benin. (springer.com)
  • sites
  • The carbon fluxes were measured during 18 months (July 2008-December 2009) by an eddy-covariance system over two contrasting sites in northern Benin. (springer.com)
  • various
  • The various cuisines of Africa use a combination of locally available fruits, cereal grains and vegetables, as well as milk and meat products. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • In the 1950s the major mining companies, with the support of the Colonial Office, began attempting to replace the skilled European mineworkers with African workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was the aim of a major strike in January 1955, in which 28,885 out of 34,000 African workers took part. (wikipedia.org)
  • largest
  • These include the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), the largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Besides sharing similar geographic features, the countries of the Horn of Africa are, for the most part, linguistically and ethnically linked together. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • The African miners returned to work without achieving their initial aim of an increase in wages of ten shillings and eightpence per shift, however a smaller increase was awarded some time later. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • Freshwater ecosystems in northern Africa, like others throughout the world, support species that are of direct socio-economic importance to local communities, providing products such as food, construction and craft material, and medicines. (iucn.org)
  • Some foods, such as cassava (a food staple in Central Africa), groundnuts (peanuts) and chili peppers were imported from the New World. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • Northern Trust supports a wide-range of private equity fund types and structures across multiple jurisdictions and has developed specialist knowledge throughout our 20-year involvement within the industry. (northerntrust.com)
  • further
  • In September 1955 a formal agreement was reached, with 24 job classes transferred to African workers, with further advancement of African miners to be reviewed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contrary to the expectations of the Northern Rhodesian Government and mining companies, the AMU sought increases in wages for all mineworkers, rather than focussing solely on further breaking down the colour bar. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • This is the first time that a study conducted at the species level collates and integrates information on the socio-economic value of freshwater species and the threats to those species in Northern Africa. (iucn.org)
  • South African National Burden of Disease Study 2000: Estimates of Provincial Mortality. (scielo.org.za)