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  • epinephrine
  • The beta-agonist effects of epinephrine include bronchodilatation, chronotropic cardiac activity, and positive inotropic effects. (medscape.com)
  • An adrenergic agent is a drug, or other substance, which has effects similar to, or the same as, epinephrine (adrenaline). (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta adrenoreceptor agonist ligands mimic the action of epinephrine and norepinephrine signaling in the heart, lungs, and smooth muscle tissue, with epinephrine expressing the highest affinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indications of administration for β agonists include: Bradycardia (slow heart rate) Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Heart failure Allergic reactions Hyperkalemia Beta blocker poisoning Although minor compared to those of epinephrine, beta agonists usually have mild to moderate adverse effects, which include anxiety, hypertension, increased heart rate, and insomnia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Selected examples are: Arformoterol Buphenine Clenbuterol Dopexamine (β1 and β2) Epinephrine (non-selective) Fenoterol Formoterol Isoetarine Isoprenaline (INN), isoproterenol (USAN) (β1 and β2) Levosalbutamol (INN), levalbuterol (USAN) Orciprenaline (INN), metaproterenol (USAN) Pirbuterol Procaterol Ritodrine Salbutamol (INN), albuterol (USAN) Salmeterol Terbutaline These agents are also listed as agonists by MeSH. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta-adrenoceptors typically bind to norepinephrine release by sympathetic adrenergic nerves and to circulating epinephrine. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • 2000). Therefore, the use of β-agonists in animal feeds has been banned in many countries such as the EU and China (Mitchell and Dunnavan, 1998 and Prezelj et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • opioid
  • Two uses for opioid analgesics are as follows: (1) Oral substitution therapy or maintenance therapy or opioid agonist therapy (OAT) refers to substitution of an oral opioid for injected heroin, with the goal of reducing harmful behaviors associated with heroin use. (medscape.com)
  • Also a preferred agent for opioid agonist maintenance. (medscape.com)
  • systemic
  • A 2011 meta-analysis found no evidence that inhaled β₂-agonists improve performance in healthy athletes and found that the evidence was too weak to assess whether systemic administration of β₂-agonists improved performance in healthy people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salbutamol
  • Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN) and some other β2 agonists, such as formoterol, also are sold in a solution form for nebulization, which is more commonly used than inhalers in emergency rooms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salbutamol: Uses: It is a selective β² agonist and is mainly used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma for this purpose it is best used by inhalation with the help of an inhalaer or nebulizer .When use by inhaltion a smaller dose of drug is required to produce the maximum effect.0.25-0.5 can be used by subcutaneous,intramuscular or slow intrvenous. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Although neuropathic and other forms of chronic pain are common indications for the clinical use of α2AR agonists as well, they show robust antinociception in a much wider variety of animal models, including acute and inflammatory ones. (mdbiosciences.com)
  • β3 agonists are currently in clinical research and are thought to increase the breakdown of lipids in obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Asthma aggravation has been observed in patients using large doses of β2 agonists, but if it results from spontaneous course of the disease or adverse effect of the drugs is not known. (wikipedia.org)
  • serotonin
  • medical citation needed] MDA is a substrate of the serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, and vesicular monoamine transporters, as well as a TAAR1 agonist, and for these reasons acts as a reuptake inhibitor and releasing agent of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine (that is, it is an SNDRA). (wikipedia.org)
  • subtype
  • Medical management of transient bronchoconstriction or chronic bronchitis depends on the severity and etiology of the underlying disease and can be treated with combinations of the following medications: B-receptor agonists: Medications that stimulate the β2 receptor subtype on pulmonary smooth muscle will result in smooth muscle relaxation, bronchodilation, and increased airflow into the lungs during inhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • drug
  • Halostachine (also known as N-methylphenylethanolamine) is a natural product, an alkaloid first isolated from the Asian shrub Halostachys caspica (synonym Halostachys belangeriana), and structurally a β-hydroxy-phenethylamine (a phenylethanolamine) related to its better-known "parent" biogenic amine, phenylethanolamine, to the adrenergic drug synephrine, and to the alkaloid ephedrine. (wikipedia.org)