• Isoprenaline
  • Selected examples are: Arformoterol Buphenine Clenbuterol Dopexamine (β1 and β2) Epinephrine (non-selective) Fenoterol Formoterol Isoetarine Isoprenaline (INN), isoproterenol (USAN) (β1 and β2) Levosalbutamol (INN), levalbuterol (USAN) Orciprenaline (INN), metaproterenol (USAN) Pirbuterol Procaterol Ritodrine Salbutamol (INN), albuterol (USAN) Salmeterol Terbutaline These agents are also listed as agonists by MeSH. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pattern of phosphorylation observed with the beta-adrenergic agonist isoprenaline was similar to that observed with insulin. (biochemj.org)
  • Epinephrine
  • An adrenergic agent is a drug, or other substance, which has effects similar to, or the same as, epinephrine (adrenaline). (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta adrenoreceptor agonist ligands mimic the action of epinephrine and norepinephrine signaling in the heart, lungs, and smooth muscle tissue, with epinephrine expressing the highest affinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indications of administration for β agonists include: Bradycardia (slow heart rate) Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Heart failure Allergic reactions Hyperkalemia Beta blocker poisoning Although minor compared to those of epinephrine, beta agonists usually have mild to moderate adverse effects, which include anxiety, hypertension, increased heart rate, and insomnia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta-adrenoceptors typically bind to norepinephrine release by sympathetic adrenergic nerves and to circulating epinephrine. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • 2000). Therefore, the use of β-agonists in animal feeds has been banned in many countries such as the EU and China (Mitchell and Dunnavan, 1998 and Prezelj et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • opioid
  • Two uses for opioid analgesics are as follows: (1) Oral substitution therapy or maintenance therapy or opioid agonist therapy (OAT) refers to substitution of an oral opioid for injected heroin, with the goal of reducing harmful behaviors associated with heroin use. (medscape.com)
  • Also a preferred agent for opioid agonist maintenance. (medscape.com)
  • formoterol
  • Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN) and some other β2 agonists, such as formoterol, also are sold in a solution form for nebulization, which is more commonly used than inhalers in emergency rooms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salbutamol
  • Salbutamol: Uses: It is a selective β² agonist and is mainly used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma for this purpose it is best used by inhalation with the help of an inhalaer or nebulizer .When use by inhaltion a smaller dose of drug is required to produce the maximum effect.0.25-0.5 can be used by subcutaneous,intramuscular or slow intrvenous. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • β2 adrenergic agonists' effects on smooth muscle cause dilation of bronchial passages, vasodilation in muscle and liver, relaxation of uterine muscle, and release of insulin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adrenergic bronchodilators are medicines that stimulate the nerves in many parts of the body, causing different effects. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Beta-adrenergic blocker that has little or no intrinsic sympathomimetic effects and membrane stabilizing activity. (medscape.com)
  • clinical
  • β3 agonists are currently in clinical research and are thought to increase the breakdown of lipids in obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although neuropathic and other forms of chronic pain are common indications for the clinical use of α2AR agonists as well, they show robust antinociception in a much wider variety of animal models, including acute and inflammatory ones. (mdbiosciences.com)
  • systemic
  • A 2011 meta-analysis found no evidence that inhaled β₂-agonists improve performance in healthy athletes and found that the evidence was too weak to assess whether systemic administration of β₂-agonists improved performance in healthy people. (wikipedia.org)
  • activation
  • However, the exact mechanism whereby activation of the - adrenergic signal transduction pathway leads to cardioprotection, is still unknown. (sun.ac.za)
  • doses
  • Asthma aggravation has been observed in patients using large doses of β2 agonists, but if it results from spontaneous course of the disease or adverse effect of the drugs is not known. (wikipedia.org)