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  • electrodes
  • Important factors for preserving residual hearing are: Special atraumatic soft electrodes Smallest possible acoustic trauma due to cochleostomy drilling Smallest possible mechanical trauma due to drilling and electrode insertion Avoidance of inflammatory and fibrotic reactions (contamination with blood, bone dust, middle ear bacteria, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • electric
  • The concept of combining simultaneous electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) for the purposes of better hearing was first described by C. von Ilberg and J. Kiefer, from the Universit√§tsklinik Frankfurt, Germany, in 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of electric and acoustic overlap for speech understanding in typical listening conditions using semidiffuse noise. (ovid.com)
  • In conclusion, EAS patients may derive more benefit from greater acoustic and electric overlap than given in current software fitting recommendations, which are based solely on audiometric threshold. (ovid.com)
  • Speech perception was assessed using Consonant-Nucleus-Consonant (CNC) word lists presented in quiet and AzBio sentences presented at a +5 dB signal-to-noise ratio in both the combined acoustic and electric (A+E) and electric (E) alone listening modes. (frontiersin.org)
  • signals
  • It is believed that humans and other vertebrates have evolved the ability to complete acoustic signals that are critical but communicated under naturally noisy conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • In mice lacking the otoconia of the utricle and saccule, this retained acoustic sensitivity is lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides their hearing impairment, Black Swiss mice also are hypersensitive to acoustic stimulation, reacting with seizures (audiogenic seizures) to loud white noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapidly
  • Speech perception often occurs in a densely cluttered, rapidly changing acoustic environment, where multiple sounds vie for attention. (biomedsearch.com)
  • response
  • In contrast, the temporal response properties of AI neurons are better suited for representing slow temporal modulations in the acoustic environment. (jneurosci.org)
  • We tested the hypothesis that: (i) the amplitude of the N1m response and (ii) its decrement during rapid stimulation are associated with the cortical neurochemistry as determined by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite its central role in these pathways, the nature of acoustic response properties or inhibitory signaling within the SON has not been thoroughly investigated. (physiology.org)
  • Together, these systems generate an unusual synaptic response to stimulation from the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • conditions
  • Three primary findings were that (1) there was statistically significant benefit of preserved acoustic hearing in the implanted ear for most overlap conditions, (2) the default clinical software recommendation rarely yielded the highest level of speech recognition (1 of 13 ears), and (3) greater EAS overlap than that provided by the clinical recommendation yielded significant improvements in speech understanding. (ovid.com)
  • SWA during the entire sleep period was similar between stimulation and sham conditions, whereas SWA and spindle activity were increased during ON intervals compared to matched periods during the sham night. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, ECochG amplitude was correlated with a composite metric relating the additional benefit of acoustic gain in noise relative to quiet conditions ( r = 0.67). (frontiersin.org)
  • music
  • Method for storage, transcription, manipulation and reproduction of music on system-controlled musical instruments which faithfully reproduces the characteristics of acoustic musical instruments. (google.com)
  • The system comprises a music source, a Central Processing Unit (CPU) and a CPU-controlled plurality of instrument transducers in the form of any number of acoustic or acoustic hybrid instruments. (google.com)
  • sound
  • a secondary transducer coupled to said driver output signal, said secondary transducer electromagnetically initiating vibration in said magnetically excitable primary transducer to create sound from said acoustic instrument. (google.com)
  • 2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said sound output is generated by an acoustic instrument. (google.com)
  • stimulating said secondary transducer so as to electromagnetically initiate vibration in said magnetically excitable primary transducer, producing sound from said acoustic instrument. (google.com)
  • method of claim
  • 11. The method of claim 10 wherein said acoustic instrument is a stringed instrument. (google.com)
  • 12. The method of claim 11 wherein a string of said stringed acoustic instruments has a length and tension which is a harmonic equivalent of the electronic signal. (google.com)
  • slow
  • Using the phase-locked-loop method to precisely target acoustic stimulation to the upstate of sleep slow oscillations, we were able to enhance SWA and improve sleep-dependent memory storage in older adults, which strengthens the theoretical link between sleep and age-related memory integrity. (frontiersin.org)
  • tissue
  • The authors then validate and compare the predicted skull efficiencies to an experimental metric based on the subject thermal responses during tcMRgFUS treatments in a dataset of seventeen human subjects.Seventeen human head CT scans were used to create tissue acoustic models, simulating the effects of reflection, absorption, and scattering of the acoustic beam as it propagates through a heterogeneous skull. (stanford.edu)
  • activity
  • Thus, epidural stimulation together with intensive training could have facilitated and amplified the activity of such a CPG. (wingsforlife.com)
  • 5. The system of claim 1, wherein the detected paced cardiac activity includes detected paces, the controller is configured to determine a pacing rate of the detected paces, and the controller is configured to control the programmed neural stimulation based on whether the pacing rate of the detected paces is above a lower rate limit (LRL). (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • control
  • The present disclosure relates generally to stimulating and completing a well in an earth formation, and more specifically, to systems and methods for stimulation, sand control, perforation, well completion, drilling operations, and near wellbore operations. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 7. The system of claim 1, wherein the controller is configured to detect paced cardiac cycles and non-paced cardiac cycles, and to control the programmed neural stimulation based on a percentage of the paced cardiac cycles over a predetermined time. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 11. The system of claim 1, wherein the controller is configured to detect a pacing rate and changes in the pacing rate, and to control the programmed neural stimulation using the detected changes in the pacing rate during times without neural stimulation. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • least
  • The neural stimulator is electrically connected to at least one electrode, and is configured to deliver a neural stimulation signal through the at least one electrode to stimulate the neural target. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • In the half-century since the first experiments directly leading to the development of acoustic microscopes, at least three basic types of acoustic microscope have been developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The acoustic reflex (also known as the stapedius reflex, middle-ear-muscles (MEM) reflex, attenuation reflex, or auditory reflex) is an involuntary muscle contraction that occurs in the middle ear in response to high-intensity sound stimuli or when the person starts to vocalize. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • The role of the BNST in the acoustic startle reflex may be attributed to specific areas within the nucleus responsible for stress and anxiety responses. (wikipedia.org)