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  • indole-3-bu
  • Other less expensive synthetic auxin analogs on the market for use in horticulture are indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). (wikipedia.org)
  • carboxylic acids
  • The hydrogen centre in the carboxyl group (−COOH) in carboxylic acids such as acetic acid can separate from the molecule by ionization: CH3CO2H → CH3CO2− + H+ Because of this release of the proton (H+), acetic acid has acidic character. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other carboxylic acids engage in similar intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process uses a mixed culture of naturally occurring microorganisms found in natural habitats such as the rumen of cattle, termite guts, and marine and terrestrial swamps to anaerobically digest biomass into a mixture of carboxylic acids produced during the acidogenic and acetogenic stages of anaerobic digestion, however with the inhibition of the methanogenic final stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the microoganisms anaerobically digest the biomass and convert it into a mixture of carboxylic acids, the pH must be controlled. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was a common method for making acetone from calcium acetate during World War I. The other method for making ketones consists on converting the vaporized carboxylic acids on a catalytic bed of zirconium oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • acidic
  • A variety of plant and animal tissues contain natural acetic acid and its weak acidic properties make it safe to digest at concentrations of 5 percent or less. (ehow.com)
  • amino
  • Enterobacter cloacae can produce IAA, from aromatic and branched-chain amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also a metabolite in mammalian digestion after ingestion of hypoglycin, a rare and potentially toxic amino acid, chemically related to the common amino acid lysine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Burow's solution preparations have been diluted and modified with amino acids to make them more palatable for use as gargles for conditions like aphthous ulcers of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The structures of these cross-linked amino acids had 3,4,5- and 2,3,5-trisubstituted pyridine skeletons, specifically pyridinated desmosine (DESP) and pyridinated isodesmosine (IDP). (wikipedia.org)
  • chemically
  • Chemically, it can be synthesized by the reaction of indole with glycolic acid in the presence of base at 250 °C: Alternatively the compound has been synthesized by Fischer indole synthesis using Glutamic acid and Phenylhydrazine. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemistry
  • Striking a balance between basic chemistry and chemical engineering, this up-to-date reference discusses important aspects of acetic acid and its major derivatives, including chemistry, methods of preparation and manufacture, and synthesis, as well as current and emerging downstream technologies. (hubpages.com)
  • commonly
  • The trivial name acetic acid is the most commonly used and preferred IUPAC name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acetic acid/hydrocortisone is a commonly used combination drug to treat infections of the outer ear and ear canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acetic acid is more commonly used for external ear infections in the developing world than the developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Butyl acetates are commonly manufactured by the Fischer esterification of butanol (or its isomer to make an isomer of butyl acetate) and acetic acid with the presence of catalytic sulfuric acid under reflux conditions with the following reaction: Apples, especially of the Red Delicious variety, are flavored in part by this chemical. (wikipedia.org)
  • sulfuric acid
  • Zinc react with sulfuric acid: zinc sulfate is obtained and hydrogen gas released. (answers.com)
  • It is soluble in alcohol and benzene, and it gives a violet color in potassium ferrocyanide (K4Fe(CN)6·3H2O) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4). (wikipedia.org)
  • reaction
  • Is the reaction between zinc and acetic acid endothermic? (answers.com)
  • In enzymology, an aldehyde dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.2.1.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction an aldehyde + NADP+ + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } an acid + NADPH + H+ The 3 substrates of this enzyme are aldehyde, NADP+, and H2O, whereas its 3 products are acid, NADPH, and H+. (wikipedia.org)
  • salts
  • The chemical Acetophenone , which is obtained by the dry distillation of the calcium salts of acetic acid and other acids, is used for ethers in the making of alcohol-soluble resins. (hubpages.com)
  • Colourless
  • Pure, water-free acetic acid is a colourless liquid that absorbs water from the environment, and freezes at 16.5 °C (62 °F) to a colourless crystalline solid as seen on the picture right. (hubpages.com)
  • compound
  • This chemical bond gives the compound high polarity -- and because of this -- acetic acid is used to create a variety of different solvents. (ehow.com)
  • The search for an acid with a longer half life, i.e. a metabolically and environmentally more stable compound led to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), both phenoxy herbicides and analogs of IAA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methylene cyclopropyl acetic acid (MCPA) is a compound found in lychee seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid (4-Cl-IAA) is an organic compound that functions as a plant hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentrations
  • This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of acetic acid in water at different concentrations measured using NMR spin echo pulse gradient, Gouy interferometry, diaphragm cell, conductimetric restricted diffusion and Taylor dispersion technique. (springer.com)
  • Acetic acid solutions with the following concentrations have the pH indicated. (washington.edu)
  • seeds
  • Methylene cyclopropyl acetic acid (MCPA) is found in lychee seeds and also a toxic metabolite in mammalian digestion after ingestion of hypoglycin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food
  • In the food industry, acetic acid is controlled by the food additive code E260 as an acidity regulator and as a condiment. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty acids
  • Olive oil and omega 3 fatty acids. (dietburrp.com)
  • Aluminium - color (silver) Aluminium ammonium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium potassium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium silicate - anti-caking agent Aluminium sodium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium sulfate - mineral salt Amaranth - color (red) (FDA: [DELISTED] Red #2) Note that amaranth dye is unrelated to the amaranth plant Amaranth oil - high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids - used in food and cosmetic industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • catalyst
  • In general the White Chen catalyst will bind to a carboxylic acid groups and this can be used to override negative electronic, steric, and stereoelectronic effects within a molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lemon
  • includes acid and base Baking soda - food base Balm, lemon - Balm oil[disambiguation needed]- Balsam of Peru - used in food and drink for flavoring Barberry - Barley flour - Basil (Ocimum basilicum) - Basil extract - Bay leaves - Beeswax - glazing agent Beet red - color (red) Beetroot red - color (red) Ben oil - extracted from the seeds of the moringa oleifera. (wikipedia.org)
  • contains
  • Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid. (dietburrp.com)
  • An oil formulation contains basic additives, designed to react with and neutralise acids , preventing damage to engine parts, including corrosion of metal surfaces and damage to Although, IP Standard test methods exist the more common methods for TBN are ASTM standardised, such as the potentiometric titration for fresh oils (Test method TBN ASTM D2896). (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • Kidneys excrete uric acid from body and increased water intake assures this elimination. (dietburrp.com)
  • The body needs at least 3 to 4 litres of water to remove excess uric acid from the body. (dietburrp.com)
  • Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer, PCE Powder, Water Reducer manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Concrete Water Reducing Agent Polycarboxylic Acid Super Plasticizer, Concrete Chemical of Sodium Lignosulphonate Construction Admixture, Water Reducing Agent, Plasticizer, Cement Dispersant Sodium Gluconate Concrete Admixture/ Steel Surface Cleaning Agent/ Construction Additives and so on. (made-in-china.com)
  • Argon - propellant Rocket (Arugula) Asafoetida - Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) - antioxidant (water-soluble) Ascorbyl palmitate - antioxidant (fat soluble) Ascorbyl stearate - antioxidant (fat soluble) Aspartame - artificial sweetener Astaxanthin - color Avocado oil - used a substitute for olive oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conjugate base is thioacetate: CH3COSH → CH3COS− + H+ In neutral water, thioacetic acid is fully ionized. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • However, bacteria produce D-amino acid residues that polymerize into short polypeptides which can be found in bacterial cell walls. (wikipedia.org)
  • salt
  • Mid-FTIR spectroscopy can be used to rapidly and quantitatively determine the TBN of hydrocarbon lubricating oils by spectroscopically measuring the carboxylate (COO-) functional group of the salt produced when trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) reacts with basic constituents present in an oil sample. (wikipedia.org)