• muscles
  • Contraction of the stenocleidomastoid fibres turns the head to the opposite side, the net effect meaning that the head is turned to the side of the brain receiving visual information from that area.The cranial component of the accessory nerve, on the other hand, provides motor control to the muscles of the soft palate, larynx and pharynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your voluntary muscles. (icdlist.com)
  • Your nerve cells, also called neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. (icdlist.com)
  • Facial nerve paralysis is a relatively common condition with a yearly incidence of 0.25% leading to function loss of the mimic muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individual factors can be patient age, type of paralysis (partial or complete, uni- or bilateral), denervation time of the mimetic muscles, availability of nerve grafts and medical condition of the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • If facial paralysis is caused by trauma or tumour surgery, direct reinnervation of the facial muscles (ideally within 72 hours after facial nerve damage) can be achieved by neurorrhaphy, with or without an interposition nerve graft. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fazio-Londe disease (FLD), also called progressive bulbar palsy of childhood, is a very rare inherited motor neuron disease of children and young adults and is characterized by progressive paralysis of muscles innervated by cranial nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Progression to involve other cranial nerve muscles occurs over a period of months or years. (wikipedia.org)
  • innervation
  • suggested the use of the masseteric nerve as possible donor nerve for innervation of the transplanted muscle in patients with Moebius syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • recurrent
  • Some few filaments from it are continued into the trunk of the vagus below the ganglion, to be distributed with the recurrent nerve and probably also with the cardiac nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Located within this compartment are the perithyroidal lymph nodes, paratracheal lymph nodes, lymph nodes along the recurrent laryngeal nerves, and precricoid lymph nodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymph
  • The incidence of such nerve injuries during lymph node biopsies is 3%-10%, but the diagnosis is often delayed. (lu.se)
  • facial
  • Smile surgery or smile reconstruction is a surgical procedure that restores the smile for people with facial nerve paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic smile reconstruction procedures restore the facial nerve activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1971 a new technique for facial nerve reconstruction was introduced, as Scaramella and Smith reported on the technique of cross facial nerve grafting (CFNG) for reconstruction of a coordinated smile in unilateral facial paralysis cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eight years later, Terzis introduced the "babysitter" procedure, which consists of a combination of CFNGs and a simultaneous partial hypoglossal to facial nerve transfer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes, the facial nerve cannot be preserved during resection of these tumours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moebius syndrome is a congenital neurological disorder with bilateral paralysis of both the facial and abducens nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Moebius-like syndrome, only one side of the face is affected, but with additional nerve palsies of the affected facial and abducens nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algorithm 1) Neurorrhaphy is a primary end-to-end reconnection of the facial nerve stumps. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, tension-free reconnection is needed, otherwise scar formation can occur and axons will regenerate outside the facial nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mostly the great auricular nerve or sural nerve is used as a graft between the two facial nerve stumps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algorithm 1) Secondary facial paralysis with a denervation time of less than 6 months can be treated with one or more cross facial nerve grafts (CFNGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • It transmits the facial (VII) and vestibulocochlear (VIII) cranial nerves into a canal in the petrous temporal bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tibial
  • The accessory soleus muscle is a rare anatomic variant which may present as a mass in the posteromedial aspect of the ankle, causing compression of the tibial nerve or an exertional compartment syndrome. (scielo.org.za)
  • The tibial nerve was flattened and showed intra-neural oedema. (scielo.org.za)
  • brain
  • Your peripheral nerves are the ones outside your brain and spinal cord. (icdlist.com)
  • Like static on a telephone line, peripheral nerve disorders distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body. (icdlist.com)
  • axon
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum location & function Network of smooth E.R functions in regulation of intracellular Ca2+ Concept of nervous stimulus at the Neuromuscular Junction & what comprises the motor unit Nerve impulse @axon terminal, Ach released. (majortests.com)
  • sensory
  • He had normal motor and sensory function of the ankle and foot, a negative Tinel test and his symptoms were not reproducible during examination, although the reported paraesthesia was in the typical distribution of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. (scielo.org.za)
  • injury
  • Surgical repair may improve function and pain and should be performed early, preferably within six months, but prevention of nerve injury is most important. (lu.se)
  • Our solicitors know that an accessory nerve injury can make everyday tasks very difficult so, we will ensure that the extra help that you need is properly quantified with expert evidence and claim this as part of your compensation package. (hja.net)