• eugenics
  • The nation's key eugenic organizations funded by the Rockefeller, Harriman and Carnegie families included the American Eugenics Society (AES), and its sister organization, the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) established in 1947, the Cold Springs Harbor Experimental Station for the Study of Evolution, the Eugenic Record Office, and the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. (all.org)
  • They promoted eugenic counseling, selective mating and artificial insemination as 'positive' means of breeding superior human stock and compulsory sterilization and euthanasia as forms of 'negative' eugenics to weed out 'inferior' or 'unfit' human stock. (all.org)
  • The presence of well-known proponents of eugenics on the MOD's original Board of Directors and Medical and Research Committees including Jeremiah Milbank, and AES members Professors Anton Julius Carlson and Clair E. Turner, would also contribute to the MOD's decent into the eugenic maelstrom two decades later. (all.org)
  • In 1959, the MOD made its first direct connection to the Eugenic Establishment by agreeing to finance a series of mini-courses in medical genetics (the new code-word for negative eugenics) at the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine in cooperation with Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. (all.org)
  • The strategy to bring eugenics into the nation's medical schools was based on the assumption, that later proved correct, that women were more likely to take eugenics advice from her doctor than from a representative of a eugenic society like the AES. (all.org)
  • Please sign this online petition against eugenics, in advance of the case before the European Court of Human Rights (Kurzmane v Latvia) filed by a woman against her doctor for not doing prenatal testing for Down Syndrome, and enabling her to have an abortion. (prolife.org.uk)
  • Our tax money is being used (in the US, by a purportedly pro-life government) to fund eugenics research to exterminate the autistic population through prenatal testing and routine abortion. (blogspot.com)
  • Osborn said, "The name was changed because it became evident that changes of a eugenic nature would be made for reasons other than eugenics, and that tying a eugenic label on them would more often hinder than help their adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • She was also a notable researcher, as well as an advocate of eugenics and the right to abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1935 - Nazi Germany amended its eugenics law, to promote abortion for women who have hereditary disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • prenatal
  • 1. An abortion can be carried out only by a physician where (…) prenatal tests or other medical findings indicate a high risk that the fetus will be severely and irreversibly damaged or suffering from an incurable life-threatening disease. (culturavietii.ro)
  • New technological developments in human genetics including cytogenics, cell culture, and prenatal diagnosis, combined with changes in state abortion laws to accommodate eugenic killing now made such a campaign both possible and practical. (all.org)
  • Unlike the antiquated and little-used information-only hereditary counseling centers operated by the AES and the Eugenic Record Office in the 1920s and 30s, these new 'genetic' (read eugenic) centers offered 'at-risk' couples the opportunity of giving birth to only unaffected children - providing they were willing to utilize prenatal testing via amniocentesis and abort all affected children. (all.org)
  • This eugenic trend of prenatal screening leading to abortion in many member states of the European Union is already well known, and in France 96 percent of fetuses detected as having Down syndrome are terminated. (all.org)
  • Not wanting to state that abortion can be wrong, their argument is based on a contradiction: How can you explain to a family facing a prenatal diagnosis of Down Syndrome that any selfish reason is enough to abort any fetus except for theirs? (prowomanprolife.ca)
  • That said, as a parent with a child with Down Syndrome, I understand why the people who run the CDSS are so particularly appalled with the eugenic effect of maternal screening and prenatal testing programs that are offered as part of good prenatal health care in Canada. (prowomanprolife.ca)
  • Specifically, disability-selective abortion is the abortion of fetuses that are found to have non-fatal mental or physical defects detected through prenatal testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • 1932- Poland as first country in Europe outside Soviet Union legalized abortion in cases of rape and threat to maternal health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, the Maternal Health Protection Law allows approved doctors to practice abortion with the consent of the mother and her spouse, if the pregnancy has resulted from rape, or if the continuation of the pregnancy may severely endanger the maternal health because of physical reasons or economic reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • This series of measures did not reduce the total abortion rate at the time, but maternal morbidity and mortality related to abortion declined significantly. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the maternal hygiene offices reopened in 1950, abortion counseling became one of their main services. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1869
  • 1869 - Pope Pius IX declared that abortion under any circumstance was gravely immoral (mortal sin), and, that anyone who participated in an abortion in any material way had by virtue of that act excommunicated themselves (latae sententiae) from the Church. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1869 - The Parliament of Canada unifies criminal law in all provinces, banning abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contraception
  • Reproductive rights may also include the right to receive education about contraception and sexually transmitted infections, and freedom from coerced sterilization, abortion, and contraception, and protection from gender-based practices such as female genital cutting (FGC) and male genital mutilation (MGM). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1873 - The passage of the Comstock Act in the United States makes it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, and/or lascivious" materials through the mail, including contraceptive devices and information on contraception or abortion and how to obtain them. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1934, the Fifth All-Japan Women's Suffrage Congress wrote up resolutions calling for the legalization of abortion as well as contraception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syndrome
  • In addition to the 80% of Down's Syndrome children who are killed in utero, eugenic abortion is a mind-boggling problem in America. (catholicvote.org)
  • When Kurt became aware of the higher than 90 percent abortion rate for children prenatally diagnosed with Down syndrome, he literally could not sleep at night. (all.org)
  • Enthusiastic as I am about the information campaign lead by the Down Syndrome Society, I can't help but wonder to what extent their efforts aren't compromised by their unwillingness to face the abortion debate head-on. (prowomanprolife.ca)
  • She has written articles about controversial subjects, such as the Hamdan v. Rumsfeld trial and post-abortion syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • feminists
  • 1850-1920 - During the fight for women's suffrage in the U.S., some notable first-wave feminists, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Mary Wollstonecraft, opposed abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • The laws in some states permit abortion until birth. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • To be more precise, the powerful foundation was about to launch an unprecedented campaign of eugenic cleansing designed to eliminate pre-born children suspected of having birth defects. (all.org)
  • Birth control and abortion are turning out to be great eugenic advances of our time. (wikipedia.org)
  • These rights may include some or all of the following: the right to legal or safe abortion, the right to birth control, the right to access quality reproductive healthcare, and the right to education and access in order to make reproductive choices free from coercion, discrimination, and violence. (wikipedia.org)
  • physicians
  • No one knows exactly how many children were selected for abortion by their heartbroken parents and "compassionate" physicians on the grounds of congenital deformities. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • The Christian Medical Association has challenged the opinion of the ethics committee of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, stating that the opinion "suggests a profound misunderstanding of the nature and exercise of conscience, an underlying bias against persons of faith and an apparent attempt to disenfranchise physicians who oppose ACOG's political activism on abortion. (consciencelaws.org)
  • 1820-1900 - Primarily through the efforts of physicians in the American Medical Association and legislators, most abortions in the U.S. were outlawed. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was a daunting and complicated process that many physicians did not want to deal with, and some sources attribute the fall in abortion rate between 1941 and 1944 from 18,000 to 1,800 to this legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1978, after much preparation and activism, by among others physicians Berthold Grünfeld and Axel Strøm of the Norwegian Labour Party and Socialist Left Party, respectively, passed with a one-vote majority the current law, which provides for abortion on demand in the first 12 weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Constitution
  • KOMMERS, D. P. (1977) 'Abortion and the Constitution: The Cases of the United States and West Germany', in Edward Manier, William Liu and David Solomon (eds), Abortion: New Direction for Policy Studies , pp. 83-116 (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press). (springer.com)
  • In March 2017, the Constitutional Court of Croatia ruled that the current law which allows abortion on request does not violate the constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • legal
  • Acesta urmărește să demonstreze că avortul așa-zis „terapeutic", legal în Polonia (avortul la cerere este prohibit în această țară) nu are de fapt temei juridic și încalcă drepturile omului prin caracterul său eugenic (urmărește suprimarea înainte de naștere a oamenilor cu dizabilități). (culturavietii.ro)
  • But when the woman is a minor under the age of thirteen or older, but her legal representatives did not grant their consent, the Court hears her opinion and takes the decision on permitting the abortion. (culturavietii.ro)
  • Second-trimester abortions must remain legal because, until a child is viable outside the womb, these decisions belong with the mother….We made sure our son was not born only to suffer. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • SCHNABLY, Stephen J. (1984-5) 'Normative Judgment, Social Change, and Legal Reasoning in the Context of Abortion and Privacy', New York University Review of Law and Social Change , 13: 715. (springer.com)
  • The legal precedent of allowing abortion in order to avoid mental or physical damage was picked up by other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yugoslavia, of which SR Croatia was a part, had legalized the practice in 1952 based on a medical, eugenic or a legal indication. (wikipedia.org)
  • This abortion law was not changed when Croatia achieved independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, although there were proposals by right-wing parties for tightening the conditions for legal abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, there were 2992 recorded legal abortions in Croatia, a sharp decline comparing to 14282 recorded in 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to another survey in 2013 which was conducted among 1500 young people in Croatia (in the age between 14 and 27), 38.9% of the respondents said it should be legal, 28.7% said only medically warranted abortions should be allowed, 20.0% were unsure, and 12.4% said that abortion should be completely illegal. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimated 3,000 legal abortions and 7,000 - 10,000 illegal abortions were performed each year in the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevention
  • Recent laws and bills seeking to bar post-20-week abortions are basically Gosnell-prevention laws. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • In February 1940, Matilde presented her work towards the hindrance of the problem surrounding delinquent minors and prostitution of children at the time in a series of conferences for the Department of Social Prevention organized by the Mexican Eugenic Society for the Improvement of Race. (wikipedia.org)
  • legislation
  • The Criminal Abortion Law of 1907 is still technically in effect today, but other legislation has overridden its effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • This did not result in any immediate reaction from the government at the time, but after the war, these resolutions were consulted when drafting legislation legalizing abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Christian V's legislation of 1687, abortion was punishable by death. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1934, the ministry of Justice named a committee to start work on new legislation on abortion, headed by Katti Anker Møller's daughter Tove Mohr. (wikipedia.org)
  • penalties
  • 1803 - United Kingdom enacts Lord Ellenborough's Act, making abortion after quickening a capital crime, and providing lesser penalties for the felony of abortion before quickening. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1956, the prevalence of illegal abortions reached such levels that a council on penal law recommended stiffer penalties for illegal abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • The counselors then discussed with the women whether or not they would have abortions. (nationalrighttolifenews.org)
  • Himmler, inspired by bureaucrats of the Race and Settlement Main Office, hoped to reverse a decline in the "Aryan" birthrate which he attributed to homosexuality among men and abortions among healthy Aryan women, which were not allowed under the 1935 law, but nevertheless practiced. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 1998 survey, 79 percent of unmarried and 85 percent of married women approved of abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abortion ratio (number of cases per 1,000 live births) remained the highest amongst women aged 40-44. (wikipedia.org)
  • The proportion of abortions that were experienced by women younger than 25 increased from 18 percent between 1976 and 1980 to 30 percent between 1991 and 1995, and a slight increase was also observed among women aged 40-44. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ministry of Welfare]], with recommendation to build a specialize medical facility for treating sexually-assaulted women, who required disceet abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2010[update], Croatia had 4.7 abortions per 1000 women of childbearing age, lower than in most European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one of Oslo's largest hospitals, 82 women died as a result of illegal abortions, and 3791 women were treated for injuries sustained under these procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • She does not mention if her doctor was willing to refer her to a physician who openly and legally performs later-term abortions in other states - Leroy Carhart , for instance. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • Abortions can only be performed by a physician in a hospital with a department of obstetrics or gynaecology, or in another authorized facility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Past the first 10 weeks, abortions must be approved by a Commission of First Instance, consisting of a gynaecologist, another physician, and a social worker or registered nurse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wade
  • RUBIN, E. R. (1982) Abortion, Politics, and the Courts: Roe v. Wade and Its Aftermath (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press). (springer.com)
  • Scholar
  • According to the scholar Tiana Norgern, the abortion policy under the Meiji government was similar to that of the Edo period, and was fueled by the belief that a large population would yield more military and political influence on the international stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • debate
  • In a recent online debate I had with someone about abortion, they posed the question: "Do any of your children have cystic fibrosis? (catholicvote.org)
  • The genetics and abortion issue is an extension of the abortion debate and the disability rights movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1969, the Norwegian Labour Party put abortion on demand on their platform, setting the stage for a mainstream debate on abortion within the broader framework of feminism. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • A poll from 2008 showed that 50% of respondents do not approve abortion in the case in which a couple does not want more children. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Interestingly enough, until challenged by the Pro-Life Movement, the MOD made no attempt to disguise its eugenic policies and programs. (all.org)
  • Early
  • Early eugenic ideas were discussed in Ancient Greece and Rome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally brought to Japan through the United States (like Charles Davenport and John Coulter), through Mendelian inheritance by way of German influences, and French Lamarkian eugenic written studies of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early 1930s detailed "eugenic marriage" questionnaires were printed or inserted in popular magazines for public consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • illegal
  • Ms. NiCastro in her Times article (linked above) wrote why she didn't postpone her abortion until the third trimester, when her sick unborn son's twin was less likely to be damaged unintentionally: because abortion in her state was illegal after 24 weeks, according to her doctor. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • Chapter XXIX of the Penal Code of Japan makes abortion de jure illegal in the country, but exceptions to the law are broad enough that it is widely accepted and practiced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Det motsatte er en slaves tilstand") In the period between 1920 and 1929, about 100 individuals were sentenced for illegal abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • For the pro-choice parent of a child with DS, the objectionable reason for abortion is the DS. (prowomanprolife.ca)
  • Support for disability-selective abortions stems from arguments that those born with disabilities have a quality of life that is reduced to the extent that non-existence is preferable, and terminating the pregnancy is actually for the sake of the future child. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • GRANBERG, D. and GRANBERG, B. W. (1980-1) 'Pro-Life Versus Pro-Choice: Another Look at the Abortion Controversy in the US', Sociology and Social Research , 65: 424. (springer.com)
  • sexually
  • It operated for 1.5 years and performed abortions before they were legalized in 1947, and treated sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, such as syphilis or gonorrhea) in victims of rape who had escaped from Manchuria or Korea. (wikipedia.org)
  • policy
  • This analysis compares the development of abortion policy in England, France, Ireland, Italy, the United States and West Germany. (springer.com)
  • Abortion Law and Public Policy , pp. 83-94 (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff). (springer.com)
  • TATALOVICH, Raymond and DAYNES, Byron W. (1981) The Politics of Abortion: A Study of Community Conflict in Public Policy Making (New York: Praeger). (springer.com)
  • woman
  • that performing abortion requires a written consent of an adult woman. (culturavietii.ro)
  • That worries NiCastro, and so she's doing what every woman concerned about abortion should be doing: telling her story. (leavenfortheloaf.com)
  • The law allowed abortion if a woman gave her permission, and if the fetus was not yet viable, and for purposes of so-called racial hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Movement
  • At the same time Folkeaksjonen mot selvbestemt abort (the Popular Movement Against Abortion on Demand) was formed and led by Anne Enger Lahnstein, submitting 610,000 signatures for their cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japan
  • This incident is regarded as the principal reason the Japanese Government began to consider the legalisation of abortion in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most prolific murderers by number of victims Abortion in Japan Infanticide Genene Jones 寿産院事件 (in Japanese). (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, abortion is widely accepted in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • An increase in the abortion ratio was seen in the two youngest groups (younger than 20 and 20-24), especially among those who were born after 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • By 1937, the year that the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (later renamed the National Foundation/March of Dimes) was established to eradicate polio, the Eugenic Establishment was already an important but not as yet permanent or popular feature of the American scene. (all.org)
  • time
  • However, it instructed the Parliament to make a new law in 2 years time, in which preventive and educational measures will be included, aimed at making abortion exceptional. (wikipedia.org)
  • label
  • The concept of the autism spectrum has only been in the clinical parlance since 1994, but we have politicians like Hillary Clinton who see nothing wrong with the idea of wiping out the entire spectrum through eugenic abortion, just because of the label. (blogspot.com)