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*  Neutron radiation
In materials of low atomic number such as hydrogen, a low energy gamma ray may be more penetrating than a high energy neutron. ... Cold, thermal and hot neutron radiation is most commonly used in scattering and diffraction experiments, to assess the ... for example when neutron absorption results in gamma emission and the gamma ray (photon) subsequently removes an electron from ...
*  Clay mineral X-ray diffraction
When measuring the x-ray diffraction of clays, d is constant and λ is the known wavelength from the x-ray source, so the ... Typically, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) is an average of randomly oriented microcrystals that should equally represent all ... Well-crystallized and pure samples are ideal for x-ray diffraction, but this is rarely the case for clay. Clay minerals are ... Samples should be as homogeneous as possible, both in grain size and composition before mounting them for X-ray diffraction and ...
*  Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction
... (EDXRD) is an analytical technique for characterizing materials. It differs from ... Kämpfe, B.; Luczak, F.; Michel, B. (2005). "Energy Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction". Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 22: 391-396. doi: ... April 2013). "Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction beamline at Indus-2 synchrotron source". Pramana. Springer. 80 (4): 607-619. ... Laine, E.; Lähteenmäki, I. (February 1980). "The energy dispersive X-ray diffraction method: annotated bibliography 1968-78". ...
*  X-ray crystal truncation rod
... scattering is a powerful method in surface science, based on analysis of surface X-ray diffraction ... V. M. Kaganer (2007). Crystal truncation rods in kinematical and dynamical x-ray diffraction theories. Phys. Rev. B 75 245425. ... R. Feidenhans'l (1989). "Surface Structure Determination by X-ray Diffraction". Surface Science Reports 10, 105-188. I. K. ... and after moving the sample back into the X-ray diffraction position, it must be realigned. In some setups, the sample chamber ...
*  Tutton's salt
Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ... Swanson, H. E.; H. F. McMurdie; M. C. Morris; E. H. Evans (September 1970). "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns" (PDF ...
*  Silver behenate
A possible low-angle X-ray diffraction calibration standard". Powder Diffraction. 10: 91-95. doi:10.1017/S0885715600014421. CS1 ... It is a possible low-angle diffraction standard that was characterized using the powder diffraction technique. Diffraction ... F.W. Matthews; G.G. Warren; J.H. Michell (1950). "Derivatives of Fatty Acids - Identification By X-Ray Diffraction Power ... Because silver behenate has a large number of well defined diffraction peaks in the 1.5-20.0° 2-theta range, it is suitable for ...
*  Scherrer equation
ISBN 1586035371 Warren, B.E. X-Ray Diffraction. Guinier, A (1963). X-Ray Diffraction. San Francisco and London: WH Freeman. ... X-Ray Diffraction Procedures, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1974, p 687-703, ISBN 978-0-471-49369-3. B.E. Warren, X-Ray ... B.D. Cullity & S.R. Stock, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, 3rd Ed., Prentice-Hall Inc., 2001, p 167-171, ISBN 0-201-61091-4. R. ... The Scherrer equation, in X-ray diffraction and crystallography, is a formula that relates the size of sub-micrometre particles ...
*  Microanalysis
X-ray diffraction; Combustion analysis. Compared to normal analyses methods, microanalysis: Requires less time for preparation ... X-ray fluorescence also mass spectrometry Most of the chromatography methods : high-performance liquid chromatography, Gel ...
*  André Guinier
... (1 August 1911 - 3 July 2000) was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and ... He developed the Guinier camera for use in X-ray diffraction and contributed to the development of the electron microprobe by ... His recollections of his early work His personal remembrances for the book "50 Years of X-ray Diffraction" (pg. 574). ... Guinier, André (1963). "X-ray Diffraction. In Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies". W. H. Freeman and Co. ...
*  Drug Master File
f) X-Ray Diffraction. g) Thermal Analysis. h) Comprehensive Illustration. 2. Impurities a) Sources of Potential Impurities. b) ...
*  Radiography of cultural objects
International Centre for Diffraction Data. Retrieved from icdd.com The British Museum (n.d.). X-ray diffraction analysis. ... International Centre for Diffraction Data. Retrieved from icdd.com The British Museum (n.d.). X-ray diffraction analysis. ... An overview Retrieved from the International Centre for Diffraction Data "The Songye X-ray Project". IMA Magazine. Indianapolis ... An x-ray of the Ghent Altarpiece, painted by Jan Van Eyck, in Saint Bavo Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium revealed the structure and ...
*  Mineral physics
"Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction". Science Education Resource Center. Carleton College. Retrieved 18 September 2015. Thomas, ...
*  Nickel phosphate
"Standard X-Ray Diffraction Powder Patterns from the JCPDS Research Associateship". Powder Diffraction. 2: 41-52. doi:10.1017/ ...
*  P. Krishnamurthy (scientist)
Krishnamurthy is the author of two books: Sir C.V. Raman: a short biographical sketch Studies in X-ray Diffraction http://hdl. ... In 1929, Krishnamurthy was the a co-author of a paper, along with Sir CV Raman titled 'A new x-ray effect', published in Nature ...
*  Texture (crystalline)
... simple X-ray diffraction or with a polarized microscope. Neutron and synchrotron high-energy X-ray diffraction are suitable for ... Traditionally both X-ray diffraction and EBSD may collect pole figures. Different methodologies exist to obtain the O D F {\ ... ISBN 978-0-8031-2895-8. B. C. Cullity (1956). Elements of X-Ray Diffraction. United States of America: Addison-Wesley. pp. 273- ... Among the quantitative techniques, the most widely used is X-ray diffraction using texture goniometers, followed by the EBSD ...
*  DNA
... whose model-building efforts were guided by X-ray diffraction data acquired by Raymond Gosling, who was a post-graduate student ... The first published reports of A-DNA X-ray diffraction patterns-and also B-DNA-used analyses based on Patterson transforms that ... An alternative analysis was then proposed by Wilkins et al., in 1953, for the in vivo B-DNA X-ray diffraction-scattering ... Their double-helix, molecular model of DNA was then based on one X-ray diffraction image (labeled as "Photo 51") taken by ...
*  Johannes Martin Bijvoet
X-ray diffraction is still considered the ultimate proof of absolute structure, but other techniques such as circular dichroism ... Bijvoet, J. M.; Bernal, J. D.; Patterson, A. L. (1952). "Forty Years of X-Ray Diffraction". Nature. 169 (4310): 949. doi: ... Some new X-ray radiation is generated from the inner electron shells of the atoms. The X-ray radiation already being scattered ... In 1951, using an X-ray tube with a zirconium target, Bijvoet and his coworkers Peerdeman and van Bommel achieved the first ...
*  Herman Francis Mark
Mark worked on X-ray diffraction. Linus Pauling learned X-ray diffraction from Mark, and that knowledge led to Pauling's ... Mark's x-ray diffraction work on the molecular structure of fibers provided important evidence for the macromolecular theory of ... Albert Einstein asked Mark and his colleagues worked to use the intense and powerful X-ray tubes available at their laboratory ...
*  Bragg's law
This analysis is called Bragg diffraction. Bragg diffraction (also referred to as the Bragg formulation of X-ray diffraction) ... The concept of Bragg diffraction applies equally to neutron diffraction and electron diffraction processes. Both neutron and X- ... ISBN 0-7484-0660-3. x-ray diffraction, Bragg's law and Laue equation on electrons.wikidot.com. Pieranski, P (1983). "Colloidal ... There will be a path difference between the ray that gets reflected along AC' and the ray that gets transmitted, then reflected ...
*  Jack D. Dunitz
Seiler, P.; Dunitz, J. D. (1986). "Are ionic solids really built of ions? New evidence from x-ray diffraction". Helvetica ... Dunitz has written more than 380 scientific papers and is the author of "X-Ray Analysis and the Structure of Organic Molecules ... Dunitz, J. D.; Maverick, E. F.; Trueblood, K. N. (1988). "Atomic Motions in Molecular Crystals from Diffraction Measurements". ... Dunitz, J. D.; Schweizer, W. B.; Seiler, P. (1983). "X-Ray Study of the Deformation Density in Tetrafluoroterephthalodinitrile ...
*  Nicolas Steno
182 Brookfield 2004, p. 116 Kunz 1918 Molčanov, K.; Stilinović, V. (2014). "Chemical Crystallography before X-ray Diffraction ... Steno was not the first to identify fossils as being from living organisms; his contemporaries Robert Hooke and John Ray, as ...
*  Edward Abraham
Resolution obtained by X-ray Diffraction". Nature. 196 (4860): 1173-1176. doi:10.1038/1961173a0. Archives, The National. "The ... Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot; Maslen, E. N. (1 May 1961). "The X-ray analysis of the structure of cephalosporin C". Biochemical ... This proposal was confirmed in 1945 by Dorothy Hodgkin using X-ray crystallography. Florey formally recognised Abraham's work ... and was later the first enzyme who's structure was solved using X-ray crystallography by Lord David Philips. He then won a ...
*  Metal ions in aqueous solution
Diffraction by neutrons also give a radial distribution function. In contrast to X-ray diffraction, neutrons are scatted by ... X-ray diffraction on solutions yields a radial distribution function from which the coordination number of the metal ion and ... Magini, M.; Licheri, G.; Paschina, G.; Piccaluga,G.; Pinna, G. (1988). X-ray diffraction of ions in aqueous solutions : ... Sykes, A.G. (Editor); Johansson, Georg (1992). Structures of Compexes in Solution Derived from X-ray Diffraction Measurements. ...
*  Milroy Lectures
Frank Smith (22 September 1999). Industrial Applications of X-Ray Diffraction. CRC Press. p. 467. ISBN 978-0-8247-1992-0. ... "RACP: College Roll Southwood, Albert Ray". Retrieved 26 May 2016. "Munks Roll Details for Leslie George Norman". Retrieved 26 ... Social medicine in developing countries 1959 Albert Ray Southwood, Aspects of Preventive Cardiology 1960 Leslie George Norman, ...
*  Curiosity (rover)
"Field deployment of a portable X-ray diffraction/X-ray fluorescence instrument on Mars analog terrain". Powder Diffraction. 20 ... On October 17, 2012, at "Rocknest", the first X-ray diffraction analysis of Martian soil was performed. The results revealed ... CheMin is the Chemistry and Mineralogy X-ray powder diffraction and fluorescence instrument. CheMin is one of four ... "MSL Chemistry & Mineralogy X-ray diffraction(CheMin)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved November 25, 2011. Sarrazin, P.; Blake, D.; Feldman ...
*  Differential interference contrast microscopy
This causes a change in phase of one ray relative to the other due to the delay experienced by the wave in the more optically ... This image is similar to that obtained by phase contrast microscopy but without the bright diffraction halo. The technique was ...
*  Coherent diffraction imaging
Coherent x-ray diffraction imaging (CXDI or CXD) uses x-rays (typically .5-4keV) to form a diffraction pattern which may be ... A typical x-ray CCD is used to record the diffraction pattern. If the sample is rotated about an axis perpendicular to the beam ... Diffraction Diffraction Tomography List of materials analysis methods Nanotechnology Surface Physics Synchrotron JM Zuo; I ... "Coherent x-ray diffraction from Quantum dots". Phys. Rev. B. 71: 245302. arXiv:cond-mat/0408590 . Bibcode:2005PhRvB..71c5302P. ...