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*  Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome
... or undergoing drug treatment for elevated triglycerides Waist circumference greater than or equal to 102 cm in men or 88 cm in ... which seems to correspond with a growing waist line. Lack of physical activity, increased consumption of processed food and ...
*  Waist-hip ratio
... or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. ... "Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio, Report of a WHO Expert Consultation" (PDF). World Health Organization. 8-11 December ... Practically, however, the waist is more conveniently measured simply at the smallest circumference of the natural waist, ... Dobbelsteyn CJ, Joffres MR, MacLean DR, Flowerdew G (May 2001). "A comparative evaluation of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ...
*  Inflammation
Waist circumference correlates significantly with systemic inflammatory response. A predominant factor in this correlation is ... Rogowski, O; Shapira, I; Bassat, O. K.; Chundadze, T; Finn, T; Berliner, S; Steinvil, A (2010). "Waist circumference as the ...
*  Body mass index
Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, but ... vertical trunk circumference, waist circumference and height. Data on 11,808 subjects from the National Health and Human ... Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fat, which poses more health risks than fat elsewhere. According to the U.S ... Waist circumference can be a better indicator of obesity-related disease risk than BMI. For example, this is the case in ...
*  Media depictions of body shape
Centers for Disease Control (5/3/2017). "Measured Average Height, Weight and Waist Circumference of Adults, age 20". Centers ... The average twenty year old woman in America is 169 pounds, 63 inches tall and has a waist of 38 inches around. Models may use ... Females in video games had significantly larger heads, but smaller chest sizes, waists, and hips than the average American ... Modeling agencies require women to maintain measurements of: weight 90-120 pounds, height 68-71 inches and waist 22-26 inches ...
*  Body shape
This is measured using Body Mass Index - BMI or waist circumference. Depending on the BMI, a body may be referred to as slim, ... Classifications of female body sizes are mainly based on the circumference of the bust-waist-hip (BWH), as in 36-24-36 (inches ... The body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and especially waist-to-chest ratio in men have been shown in studies to rank as ... Hourglass shape: The female body is significantly narrower in the waist both in front view and profile view. The waist is ...
*  Android fat distribution
See Gynoid fat distribution Central obesity is measured as increase by waist circumference or waist-hip ratio. Increase in ... Waist to hip ratio is determined by an individual's proportions of android fat and gynoid fat. A small waist to hip ratio ... waist circumference > 102 cm (40 in.) in males and > 88 cm (35 in.) in females. However increase in abdominal circumference may ... A females waist being smaller than her hips by a ratio of 0.7 is considered most attractive as it indicated readiness to give ...
*  Parasite-stress theory
Waist-hip ratio is the ratio of the circumference of the waist, to the circumference of the hips. It is calculated by dividing ... the waist circumference by the hip circumference. A woman's waist-hip ratio is an indicator of her age, health and fertility, ... Higher waist-hip ratio has been linked with both mobility disability and also cardiovascular disease. Also, within parasite- ... All of the above are related to mate choice: a lower waist-hip ratio indicates a younger, healthier, more fertile and more ...
*  Classification of obesity
In the United States a waist circumference of >102 cm (~40") in men and >88 cm (~34.5") in women or the waist-hip ratio (the ... Other proposed but less common obesity measures include waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. These measure a common form of ... "Comparison of Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and Waist/Hip Ratio in Predicting Incident Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis". R ... 2010). "Body mass index, waist circumference and waist:hip ratio as predictors of cardiovascular risk-a review of the ...
*  Obesity in India
... named rs12970134 to be mostly associated with waist circumference. In this study more than two thousand individuals of Indian ... "Common genetic variation near MC4R is associated with waist circumference and insulin resistance". Nature Genetics. 40 (6): 716 ...
*  Melanocortin 4 receptor
"Common genetic variation near MC4R is associated with waist circumference and insulin resistance". Nature Genetics. 40 (6): 716 ...
*  Occupational health psychology
Differential associations of job control components with both waist circumference and body mass index. Social Science & ...
*  List of average human height worldwide
Okosun IS, Cooper RS, Rotimi CN, Osotimehin B, Forrester T (1998). "Association of waist circumference with risk of ... Tawfeek H (2002). "Relationship between waist circumference and blood pressure among the population in Baghdad, Iraq" (PDF). ...
*  Transtheoretical model
Health-centred intervention studies measured BMI, weight, waist circumference as well as general health. However, only one of ...
*  Diet and obesity
... waist circumference, elevated fasting glucose, and metabolic syndrome. Evidence does not support the commonly expressed view ...
*  Abdominal obesity
Waist-hip ratio (the circumference of the waist divided by that of the hips of >0.9 for men and >0.85 for women) Waist-to- ... The absolute waist circumference 102 centimetres (40 in) in men and 88 centimetres (35 in) in women) and the waist-hip ratio (> ... Even with the differences, at any given level of central obesity measured as waist circumference or waist to hip ratio, ... between waist circumferences and costs among 31,840 subjects aged 50-64 years of age with different waist circumferences. Their ...
*  Metabolic syndrome
Also, the IDF uses geography-specific cut points for waist circumference, while NCEP uses only one set of cut points for waist ... and waist circumference does not need to be measured. However, this potentially excludes any subject without increased waist ... If BMI is >30 kg/m², central obesity can be assumed and waist circumference does not need to be measured The World Health ... Elevated waist circumference: Men - greater than 40 inches (102 cm) Women - greater than 35 inches (88 cm) Elevated ...
*  Vanity sizing
For example, men's pants are traditionally marked with two numbers, "waist" (waist circumference) and "inseam" (distance from ... In that study, worst offenders understated waist circumferences by 1.5 to 2 inches. London-based market analyst Mintel say that ... the nominal waist may be quite a bit smaller than the actual waist, in U.S. sizes. In 2010, Abram Sauer of Esquire measured ... several pairs of dress pants with a nominal waist size of 36 at different U.S. retailers and found that actual measurements ...
*  LECT2
... waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, selenoprotein P serum levels, and hemoglobin A1c blood levels. Levels of ALECT2 ...
*  NRXN3
"NRXN3 Is a Novel Locus for Waist Circumference: A Genome-Wide Association Study from the CHARGE Consortium". PLoS Genetics. 5 ( ...
*  Earasaid
In cut, it is a rectangle, longer than the wearer is tall, and wider than the wearer's waist circumference. The bottom edge is ... The plaid may also be worn unbelted; and it seems it was also later worn at waist-width (see images below). Near the end of the ... The width may be pleated until it will wrap around the waist, and the pleats held under a belt. In this case, the cloth below ... it reaches to the Waist behind; one corner falls as low as the Ankle on one side; and the other Part, in Folds, hangs down from ...
*  Resistin
"Modest weight loss and reduction in waist circumference after medical treatment are associated with favorable changes in serum ...
*  Obesity and the environment
"Concentrations of Urinary Phthalate Metabolites Are Associated with Increased Waist Circumference and Insulin Resistance in ...
*  Sagittal abdominal diameter
"Relationship between waist circumference and supine abdominal height measured at different anatomical sites and cardiometabolic ... Central obesity Waist-hip ratio Body mass index (BMI) Body volume index Body fat percentage Index of Central Obesity Iribarren ...
*  Self-affirmation
Self-affirmed participants had lost more weight, had lower body mass index, and smaller waist circumference than non-affirmed ...
*  Reduced muscle mass, strength and performance in space
First, leg and arm volumes were calculated by measuring the girth (circumference) of contiguous 3-centimeter arm and leg ... and were attached to a shoulder and waist harness worn by crewmembers during use. By angling the bungee cords to that the user ... Decreases in muscle strength, circumference, and tone have also been reported in cosmonauts. More recently, these findings have ... Decreases in lower-limb muscle circumference and calculated muscle volumes were detected in Apollo and Spacelab astronauts. ...
*  Obesity in Australia
Of that population, 38% had enlarged waist circumferences, 43% had acanthosis nigricans present and 27% had hypertension. With ...