Loading...
*  Eriksen flanker task
When subjects participate in the Eriksen Flanker Task, the anterior cingulate cortex, or the ACC, is activated. The ACC is a ... Earlier work had used visual search, but because these tasks involve an active scan of the environment to identify the target ... Eriksen, C.W.; Schultz, D.W. (1979). "Information processing in visual search: A continuous flow conception and experimental ... Eriksen, C.W.; Spencer, T. (1969). "Rate of information processing in visual perception: Some results and methodological ...
*  Brain morphometry
... or of the primary versus secondary visual cortex), and to derive more specific information, such as the encephalization ... What is more, bilateral gray matter changes in the posterior and lateral parietal cortex of medical students memorizing for an ... One study found that juggling novices showed a bilateral gray matter expansion in the medial temporal visual area (also known ...
*  Visual acuity
The visual cortex is the part of the cerebral cortex in the posterior part of the brain responsible for processing visual ... Bach M (2016). "The Freiburg Visual Acuity Test". Visual Functions Committee (25 May 1984). "Visual acuity measurement standard ... of the visual cortex. Many of these neurons are believed to be involved directly in visual acuity processing. Proper ... where orientation is known to be processed in the visual cortex. The smallest detectable visual angle produced by a single fine ...
*  Visual cortex
Visual area V2, or secondary visual cortex, also called prestriate cortex, is the second major area in the visual cortex, and ... the visual cortex in the left hemisphere receives signals from the right visual field, and the visual cortex in the right ... Visual area V4 is one of the visual areas in the extrastriate visual cortex. In macaques, it is located anterior to V2 and ... The visual cortex of the brain is a part of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information. It is located in the ...
*  Cat intelligence
Area 17 of the visual cortex was found to contain about 51,400 neurons per mm3. Area 17 is the primary visual cortex. Both ... Payne, B. R.; Siwek, D. F. (1991). "The Visual Map in the Corpus Callosum of the Cat". Cerebral Cortex. 1 (2): 173-88. doi: ... Without taurine, felines can have an abnormal morphology in the cerebellum and visual cortex. When cats were fed a diet ... "visual cortex". Farlex. Retrieved 22 May 2016. "Gyrencephalic Definition". Serendip. Retrieved 6 February 2012. Smith, J. M.; ...
*  Objective vision
... the brain's visual cortex recognizes what it sees immediately. The visual cortex has a critical job in processing and it's the ... and grew our research to Visionary CORTEX of Brain" ,Michael Bidollahkhany said. Human visual system model Visual system ... "How the Visual Cortex Recognizes". Poggio Lab., The Center for Biological & Computational Learning at the Massachusetts ... and Human Visual System; about development of The project : "...so we decided to research on Human Vision System, besides we ...
*  János Szentágothai
"Synaptology of the visual cortex." Visual Centers in the Brain. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1973. 269-324. Kossuth Prize (1950 ... There are mainly the cerebellum and cerebral cortex functioning addressed. In addition, he performed experimental research on ...
*  Prediction in language comprehension
Dikker, S. & Pylkkänen, L. (2011). Before the N400: Effects of lexical-semantic violations in visual cortex. Brain and Language ... Dikker, S., Rabagliati, H. & Pylkkänen, L. (2009). Sensitivity to syntax in visual cortex. Cognition, 110 (3), 293-321. ... The M100 discussed here is the magnetic equivalent of the visual N1 potential-an event-related potential linked to visual ... In the eyetracking visual world paradigm, experimental subjects listen to a sentence while staring at an array of pictures on a ...
*  Receptive field
In binocular neurons in the visual cortex, it is necessary to specify the corresponding area in both retinas (one in each eye ... In the case of binocular neurons in the visual cortex, receptive fields do not extend to optical infinity. Instead, they are ... Hubel and Wiesel (e.g., Hubel, 1963; Hubel-Wiesel 1959) classified receptive fields of cells in the visual cortex into simple ... For example, in the inferotemporal cortex, receptive fields cross the midline of visual space and require images such as radial ...
*  Subjective constancy
149-152 MacEvoy, Sean; Michael A. Paradiso (14 March 2001). "Lightness constancy in primary visual cortex". PNAS. 98 (15): 8827 ... There are several types of perceptual constancies in visual perception: Size constancy is one type of visual subjective ... Visual auditory distance constancy - Researchers explored the relationship between visual and auditory responses and how they ... Goolkasian, P.; A. Bojko (June 2001). "Location constancy and its effect on visual selection". US National Library of Medicine ...
*  Chondroitinase treatment
Hensch TK (2005). "Critical period mechanisms in developing visual cortex". Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 69: 215-37. doi:10.1016/S0070 ...
*  Brodmann area
Insular cortex Area 17 - Primary visual cortex (V1) Area 18 - Secondary visual cortex (V2) Area 19 - Associative visual cortex ... The primary visual cortex (Brodmann area 17), which is the main recipient of direct input from the visual part of the thalamus ... Piriform cortex Area 28 - Ventral entorhinal cortex Area 29 - Retrosplenial cingulate cortex Area 30 - Part of cingulate cortex ... Primary Motor Cortex Area 5 - Somatosensory Association Cortex Area 6 - Premotor cortex and Supplementary Motor Cortex ( ...
*  Extracellular matrix
Hensch TK (2005). "Critical period mechanisms in developing visual cortex". Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 69: 215-237. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Balázs Gulyás
ISBN 90-6186-246-9 Gulyás, B., Ottoson, D., and Roland, P. E. (eds.) Functional Organization of the Human Visual Cortex. Oxford ...
*  Nervous system network models
Carreira-Perpinan, M. A. & Goodhill, G. J. (2002) deal with the optimization of the computerized models of the visual cortex. ... Carreira-Perpinan, M. A., & Goodhill, G. J. (2002). Development of columnar structures in Visual Cortex. In Ascoli, G. A. (Ed ... In Figure 3(b) the model of Figure 3(a) is embedded into a far larger model which embraces various regions of cerebral cortex ( ... The neocortex includes the cortex and the cerebrum. It corresponds to the brain of primates and, specifically, the human ...
*  Spatial frequency
The spatial-frequency theory refers to the theory that the visual cortex operates on a code of spatial frequency, not on the ... Most neurons in the primary visual cortex respond best when a sine-wave grating of a particular frequency is presented at a ... When all of the visual cortex neurons that are influenced by a specific scene respond together, the perception of the scene is ... The theory (for which empirical support has yet to be developed) states that in each functional module of the visual cortex, ...
*  Acrophobia
Locomotion at a high elevation requires more than normal visual processing. The visual cortex becomes overloaded resulting in ... Experiments using visual cliffs have shown human infants and toddlers, as well as other animals of various ages, to be ... As height increases, visual cues recede and balance becomes poorer even in normal people. However, most people respond by ... True vertigo can be triggered by almost any type of movement (e.g. standing up, sitting down, walking) or change in visual ...
*  Williams syndrome
"Retinotopically defined primary visual cortex in Williams syndrome". Brain. 132 (3): 635-44. doi:10.1093/brain/awn362. PMC ... The parietal-dorsal area handles visual processing that supports visual-spatial analysis of the environment, while the ventral ... Increased volume and activation of the left auditory cortex has been observed in people with Williams syndrome, which has been ... Individuals with Williams syndrome have problems with visual processing, but this is related to difficulty in dealing with ...
*  Lawrence C. Katz
Katz, L.C. (1987). Local circuitry of identified projection neurons in cat visual cortex brain slices. J. Neurosci. 7, 1223-49 ... Weliky, M., and Katz, L.C. (1997). Disruption of orientation tuning in visual cortex by artificially correlated neuronal ... Dalva, M. & Katz, L. Rearrangements of synaptic connections in visual cortex revealed by laser photostimulation. Science 265, ... Neurotrophins regulate dendritic growth in developing visual cortex. Neuron 15, 791-803. Riddle, D.R., Lo, D.C., and Katz, L.C ...
*  Gamma wave
1964). Responses from the visual cortex of unanesthetized monkeys. pp. 99-153. In: Pfeiffer CC, Smythies JR, (Eds), ... mainly in the visual cortex. A recent study with micro-electrodes in monkey and human showed that gamma oscillations are ... "Spectral properties of induced and evoked gamma oscillations in human early visual cortex to moving and stationary stimuli". ... "Spatiotemporal frequency tuning of BOLD and gamma band MEG responses compared in primary visual cortex". NeuroImage. 40: 1552- ...
*  Bag-of-words model in computer vision
Serre, T.; Wolf, L.; Poggio, T. (2005). "Object Recognition with Features Inspired by Visual Cortex". 2005 IEEE Computer ... In computer vision, a bag of visual words is a vector of occurrence counts of a vocabulary of local image features. To ... G. Csurka; C. Dance; L.X. Fan; J. Willamowski & C. Bray (2004). "Visual categorization with bags of keypoints". Proc. of ECCV ... This approach has achieved very impressive results in the PASCAL Visual Object Classes Challenge. Pyramid match kernel is a ...
*  Carla J. Shatz
Shatz, C. J; Stryker, M. P (1978). "Ocular dominance in layer IV of the cat's visual cortex and the effects of monocular ... In her September 1992 Scientific American article, she wrote, "Segregation to form the columns in the visual cortex [...] ... Majdan, Marta; Shatz, Carla J (2006). "Effects of visual experience on activity-dependent gene regulation in cortex". Nature ... "Multiple periods of functional ocular dominance plasticity in mouse visual cortex". Nature Neuroscience. 8 (3): 380-8. doi: ...
*  Posterior cerebral artery
Simultanagnosia, hemivisual neglect: Dominant visual cortex, contralateral hemisphere. Unformed visual hallucinations, ... Visual field defects (contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing). Prosopagnosia with bilateral obstruction of the lingual ... Calcarine cortex or optic radiation nearby. Bilateral homonymous hemianopia, cortical blindness, awareness or denial of ... Calcarine cortex. Complex hallucinations: Usually nondominant hemisphere. Thalamic syndrome: sensory loss (all modalities), ...
*  MHC class I
These results suggest PirB may be involved in modulation of synaptic plasticity in the visual cortex. MHC class I molecules are ... "PirB restricts ocular-dominance plasticity in visual cortex". Science. 313 (5794): 1795-800. doi:10.1126/science.1128232. PMID ... Paired-immunoglobulin-like receptor B (PirB), an MHCI-binding receptor, is involved in the regulation of visual plasticity. ...
*  Binding problem
In the primary visual cortex, Dong et al. found that whether two neurons were responding to contours of the same shape or ... For example, Bartels and Zeki have shown that different areas in the visual cortex specialize in processing the different ... Berlin: Springer). Engel AK, König P, Gray CM, Singer W (1990). "Stimulus-Dependent Neuronal Oscillations in Cat Visual Cortex ... such as the V1 region of the visual cortex (in addition to motor areas and cerebellum), do not contribute directly to ...
*  Hemoencephalography
The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... The ratio of red/infrared light refraction is displayed as a visual signal on a computer monitor and may also be translated ... When a region of the cortex is used in a specific cognitive task, neuronal activity in that region increases, consequently ... must increase the amount of oxygen they deliver to the activated region of the cortex, resulting in a greater local blood ...
*  Cajal-Retzius cell
I. Corteza visual" [Studies on the human cerebral cortex. I. Visual Cortex]. Revista Trimestral Micrográfica (in Spanish). 4: 1 ... "Ambient GABA constrains the strength of GABAergic synapses at Cajal-Retzius cells in the developing visual cortex". The Journal ... From there, Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells experience migration through the marginal zone, originating the layer I of the cortex. As ... Estructura de la corteza motriz del hombre y mamíferos superiores" [Studies on the human cerebral cortex. II. Structure of the ...