A late protein is a viral protein that is formed after replication of the virus. One example is VP4 from simian virus 40 (SV40 ... "DNA Virus Replication". Daniels R, Sadowicz D, Hebert DN (July 2007). "A very late viral protein triggers the lytic release of ... "Organization of the major and minor capsid proteins in human papillomavirus type 33 virus-like particles". J. Gen. Virol. 76 (9 ...
... virus 3 Acidianus filamentous virus 6 Acidianus filamentous virus 7 Acidianus filamentous virus 8 Acidianus filamentous virus 9 ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by adsorption into the host cell. Dna templated ... Betalipothrixvirus is a genus of viruses in the order Ligamenvirales, in the family Lipothrixviridae. Archaea serve as natural ... There are currently six species in this genus including the type species Sulfolobus islandicus filamentous virus. Group: dsDNA ...
The treatment reduces viral replication in the liver, thereby reducing the viral load (the amount of virus particles as ... DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E). HGV (G). ... DNA virus. JCV Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. RNA virus. MeV Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. LCV Lymphocytic ... Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a member of the hepadnavirus family.[36] The virus particle (virion) consists of an outer lipid ...
Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by adsorption into the host cell. DNA-templated ... Viruses in Turriviridae have icosahedral geometries, and T=31 symmetry. The diameter is around 74 nm. Genomes are linear. ... Turriviridae is a family of viruses; it contains only one genus, Alphaturrivirus. The archaea Sulfolobus solfataricus serve as ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 13 August 2015. Viralzone: Turriviridae ICTV. ...
Pyrobaculum spherical virus Thermoproteus tenax spherical virus 1 Viruses in Globuloviridae are enveloped, with spherical ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Dna templated transcription is the method of transcription. Pyrobaculum and thermoproteus ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Häring M, Peng X, Brügger K, Rachel R, Stetter KO, Garrett RA, ... Globuloviridae is a family of viruses. Pyrobaculum and thermoproteus archaea serve as natural hosts. There are currently only ...
... presenting the first described case of exaptation of an enzyme for a virus capsid protein function. Viral replication is ... Thermoproteus tenax virus 1 Viruses in Alphalipothrixvirus are enveloped, with rod-shaped geometries. The diameter is around 38 ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 12 June 2015. Janekovic, D.; Wunderl, S.; Holz, I.; Zillig, W.; Gierl, A.; Neumann, H ... The TTV1 virion contains four virus-encoded proteins, TP1-4. The proteins do not display any sequence similarity to structural ...
Moradpour, D; Penin, F; Rice, CM (2007). "Replication of hepatitis C virus". Nature Reviews. Microbiology. 5 (6): 453-63. doi: ... Nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B) is a viral protein found in the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is an RNA polymerase, having the ... De-novo adds necessary primers for initiation of RNA replication. Several drugs either on the market or in various stages of ... O'Farrell, D; Trowbridge, R; Rowlands, D; Jäger, J (2003). "Substrate complexes of hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase (HC-J4): ...
Viral replication[edit]. Transmission electron micrograph of Chikungunya virus particles. The virus consists of four ... It is a member of the Semliki Forest virus complex and is closely related to Ross River virus, O'nyong'nyong virus, and Semliki ... and false positives can occur with infection due to other related viruses, such as o'nyong'nyong virus and Semliki Forest virus ... Chikungunya virus is passed to humans when a bite from an infected mosquito breaks the skin and introduces the virus into the ...
Viral replication is cytoplasmic. DNA-templated transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by ... Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 2 (L2) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus-laidlawii 3 (L3) (tentative) Mycoplasmatales virus- ... This family is poorly studied and little is known about these viruses. The family has one genus, Plasmavirus, which has one ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed) (2003). 00.053. Plasmaviridae. In: ICTVdB-The ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method ... The virus exits the host cell by bacteria lysis. Enterobacteria serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 ... Allolevivirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Leviviridae. Enterobacteria serve as natural hosts. There are currently only ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Viralzone: Allolevivirus ICTV. ...
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded rna virus transcription, using ... The virus exits the host cell by budding, and tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral G glycoproteins to host ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Afonso, Claudio L.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Bányai, Krisztián; Bào, Yīmíng ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Unassigned Genus: Polemovirus Poinsettia latent virus Viruses in Polemovirus are non- ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic, and is lysogenic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. ... The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Commercial cultivars of euphorbia pulcherrima serve as the ...
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... The virus exits the host cell by nuclear pore export. Horses, sheep, cattle, rodents, birds, and humans serve as the natural ... Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral GP glycoproteins to host ... Currently, 16 viruses are assigned to eight species included in one genus in this family. Diseases associated with bornaviruses ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the virus to host receptors, which ... The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and viroporins. Cattle serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 13 ... Hunnivirus is a genus of viruses in the order Picornavirales, in the family Picornaviridae. Cattle serve as natural hosts. ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method ... The virus that causes Hepatitis E belongs to the Orthohepevirus genus. Group: ssRNA+ Order: Unassigned Family: Hepeviridae ... This suggests that a recombination event at some point in the past between at least two distinct viruses gave rise to the ... Hepeviridae is a family of viruses. Human, pig, wild boar, sheep, cow, camel, monkey, some rodents, bats and chickens serve as ...
Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of ... The virus exits the host cell by cell to cell movement. Fungi serve as the natural host. Hypovirus CHV1 is the only hypovirus ... Hypovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Hypoviridae. Fungi serve as natural hosts. There are currently four species in ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Peever, Tobin; Liu, Yir-Chung; Cortese, Paolo; Milgroom, Michael ( ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription, using the ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Tombusviridae Genus: Machlomovirus Maize chlorotic mottle virus Viruses in ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Wu, J. X.; Wang, Q; Liu, H; Qian, Y. J.; Xie, Y; Zhou, X. P. (2013). " ... The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are ...
Viruses. 2 (7): 1458. doi:10.3390/v2071458. PMC 3185713 . PMID 21994690. Goorha, R (1982). "Frog virus 3 DNA replication occurs ... virus Bohle iridovirus Common midwife toad virus Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus European catfish virus Frog virus 3 ... Ambystoma tigrinum virus (ATV), Bohle iridovirus (BIV), and frog virus 3). Ranaviruses are large icosahedral DNA viruses ... There are four other genera of viruses within the family Iridoviridae, but Ranavirus is the only one that includes viruses that ...
Yin P, Hong Z, Yang X, Chung RT, Zhang L (Aug 2015). "A role for retromer in hepatitis C virus replication". Cellular and ... Retromer also seems to play a role in Hepatitis C Virus replication.[15] ...
Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded rna virus transcription is the method of ... Viruses included in the genus Cystovirus are enveloped, with icosahedral and Spherical geometries, and T=13, T=2 symmetry. The ... Pseudomonas phage φ7, φ8, φ9, φ10, φ11, φ12, and φ13 have been identified and named, but other cystovirus-like viruses have ... In particular, the structural genes of cystoviruses are highly-similar to those used by a number of dsRNA viruses that infect ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... Botrytis virus F Viruses in Gammaflexiviridae are non-enveloped, with flexuous and Filamentous geometries. The diameter is ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Howitt, R. L.; Beever, R. E.; Pearson, M. N.; Forster, R. L. (2001). " ... "Genome characterization of Botrytis virus F, a flexuous rod-shaped mycovirus resembling plant 'potex-like' viruses". The ...
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... The virus exits the host cell by cell-to-cell movement. Fungi serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are parental and ... Narnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Narnaviridae. Fungi serve as natural hosts. There are currently only two ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. Viralzone: Narnavirus ICTV ...
Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded rna virus transcription is the method of ... Group: dsRNA Order: Unassigned Family: Birnaviridae Genus: Blosnavirus Blotched snakehead virus Viruses in Blosnavirus are non- ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. ... Blosnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Birnaviridae. Blotched snakehead fish serve as natural hosts. There is ...
Moss B (2006). "Poxviridae: the viruses and their replication". In Fields BN, Knipe DM, Howley PM, et al. (eds.). Fields ... Variola virus Smallpox was caused by infection with Variola virus, which belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus, the family ... While the Dryvax virus was cultured in the skin of calves and freeze-dried, ACAM2000s virus is cultured in kidney epithelial ... During the 19th century, the cowpox virus used for smallpox vaccination was replaced by vaccinia virus. Vaccinia is in the same ...
Bryant M, Ratner L (1990). "Myristoylation-dependent replication and assembly of human immunodeficiency virus 1". Proc. Natl. ... Lee PP, Linial ML (1994). "Efficient particle formation can occur if the matrix domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 ... 1990). "Myristoylation of gag proteins of HIV-1 plays an important role in virus assembly". AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses. 6 (6 ... Tashiro A, Shoji S, Kubota Y (1990). "Antimyristoylation of the gag proteins in the human immunodeficiency virus-infected cells ...
He discovered this when working with potato yellow-dwarf virus.[7]. This method was also used in Meselson and Stahl's famous ... gradient centrifugation to determine which isotope or isotopes of nitrogen were present in the DNA after cycles of replication. ... and viruses. Ultracentrifuges can also be used in the study of membrane fractionation. This occurs because ultracentrifuges can ... experiment in which they proved that DNA replication is semi-conservative by using different isotopes of nitrogen. They used ...