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*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus
This replication takes place in the cytoplasm. In viruses with segmented genomes, replication occurs in the nucleus and the ... parainfluenza viruses, influenza viruses, Ebola virus, Marburg virus are included within the NSV. The life cycle of NSV has a ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ... Viruses of the family Tenuivirus only infect plants. A few viruses known to infect humans include Marburg virus, Ebola, measles ...
*  Nudivirus
Those parts of the cycle that apply only to virus replication and assembly/transmission are shown by the green arrows. ... Unassigned Viruses. In: Virus Taxonomy: The Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Springer-Verlag ... The virus genome, in proviral form, is integrated on wasp genome. However, the viruses are not embedded in inclusion bodies ( ... So, the full genome of the virus is integrated into the genome of the wasp and the virus only replicates in specific cells in ...
*  Hepatitis B virus precore mutant
HBeAg is a marker of HBV replication and infectivity. The precore region is not necessary for viral replication. Precore ... A precore mutant is a variety of hepatitis B virus that does not produce hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg). These mutants are ... "Basal core promoter and precore mutations in the hepatitis B virus genome enhance replication efficacy of Lamivudine-resistant ... ISBN 0-12-375147-0. Wei Y, Neuveut C, Tiollais P, Buendia MA (August 2010). "Molecular biology of the hepatitis B virus and ...
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus
Saxena, Pooja; Lomonossoff, George P. (4 August 2014). "Virus Infection Cycle Events Coupled to RNA Replication". Annual Review ... A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its ... including many pathogens such as the hepatitis C virus, West Nile virus, dengue virus, and SARS and MERS coronaviruses, as well ... Positive-sense ssRNA viruses are the most common type of plant virus. Members of the (+)ssRNA picornavirus group are also ...
*  Citrus tristeza virus replication signal
The Citrus tristeza virus replication signal is an regulatory element involved in a viral replication signal which is highly ... Replication signals are required for viral replication and are usually found near the 5' and 3' termini of protein coding genes ... Cardiovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE) Coronavirus SL-III cis-acting replication element (CRE) Heron HBV RNA ... Page for Citrus tristeza virus replication signal at Rfam. ... "Mutational analysis of the replication signals in the 3'- ...
*  Hepatitis A virus cis-acting replication element
Hepatitis C virus cis-acting replication element Yang, Y; Yi, M; Evans, DJ; Simmonds, P; Lemon, SM (October 2008). " ... In molecular biology, the Hepatitis A virus cis-acting replication element (CRE) is an RNA element which is found in the coding ... "Identification of a conserved RNA replication element (cre) within the 3Dpol-coding sequence of hepatoviruses". Journal of ... region of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in Hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is larger than the CREs found in related Picornavirus ...
*  Avian encephalitis virus cis-acting replication element
It is structurally similar to the Hepatitis A virus cis-acting replication element. Hepatitis A virus cis-acting replication ... In molecular biology, the Avian encephalitis virus cis-acting replication element (CRE) is an s an RNA element which is found ... element Yang, Y; Yi, M; Evans, DJ; Simmonds, P; Lemon, SM (October 2008). "Identification of a conserved RNA replication ... in the coding region of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in Avian encephalitis virus (AEV). ...
*  Hepatitis C virus cis-acting replication element
The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cis-acting replication element (CRE) is an RNA element which is found in the coding region of the ... Page for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cis-acting replication element (CRE) at Rfam. ... Hepatitis C alternative reading frame stem-loop Hepatitis C virus 3'X element Hepatitis C virus stem-loop VII Hepatitis C stem- ... Mutations in this family have been found to cause a blockage in RNA replication and it is thought that both the primary ...
*  Late protein
A late protein is a viral protein that is formed after replication of the virus. One example is VP4 from simian virus 40 (SV40 ... "DNA Virus Replication". Daniels R, Sadowicz D, Hebert DN (July 2007). "A very late viral protein triggers the lytic release of ... "Organization of the major and minor capsid proteins in human papillomavirus type 33 virus-like particles". J. Gen. Virol. 76 (9 ...
*  Early protein
"DNA Virus Replication". ... While many viruses (such as HIV)[1] are described as expressing ... In some, simpler viruses, this pattern of expression is clearly defined, while in those with more complex genomes, such as the ... On the other hand, the large T antigen is required and it acts to initiate replication directly. It binds the viral origin of ... HIV has two stages of protein expression but these are not as a result of two stages of transcription surrounding replication ...
*  Nucleic acid
Margaret Hunt; University of South Carolina (2010). "RN Virus Replication Strategies". sc.edu. McGlynn Peter; Robert G. Lloyd ( ... There are numerous exceptions, however-some viruses have genomes made of double-stranded RNA and other viruses have single- ... viruses, and viroids. (note: there is debate as to whether viruses are living or non-living). All living cells contain both DNA ... During cell division these chromosomes are duplicated in the process of DNA replication, providing each cell its own complete ...
*  HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon
The HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon (HBV_epsilon) is an element essential for HBV virus replication. It is an RNA ... epsilon Duck HBV RNA encapsidation signal epsilon Hepatitis B virus PRE alpha Hepatitis B virus PRE beta Hepatitis B virus PRE ... "Hepatitis B virus replication". World J. Gastroenterol. 13 (1): 48-64. doi:10.3748/wjg.v13.i1.48. PMC 4065876 . PMID 17206754. ... Beck, J; Nassal, M (2003). "Efficient Hsp90-independent in vitro activation by Hsc70 and Hsp40 of duck hepatitis B virus ...
*  Rubella
ISBN 0-340-88562-9. Lee JY, Bowden DS (2000). "Rubella virus replication and links to teratogenicity". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 13 ... The virus is transmitted by the respiratory route and replicates in the nasopharynx and lymph nodes. The virus is found in the ... Rubella virus specific IgM antibodies are present in people recently infected by rubella virus, but these antibodies can ... Frey TK (1994). "Molecular biology of rubella virus". Adv. Virus Res. 44: 69-160. doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(08)60328-0. PMID ...
*  Peter Palese
"Human Host Factors Required for Influenza Virus Replication". Nature. 463 (7282): 813-817. doi:10.1038/nature08699. PMC 2862546 ... His work on "fundamental questions concerning the genetic make-up and biology of viruses" and virus-host interactions "uses ... and an expert in the field of RNA viruses. Palese built "the first genetic maps for influenza A, B and C viruses, identified ... "the study of RNA viruses, including influenza, paramyxo and corona (SARS) viruses". Recent achievements include the development ...
*  Strictinin
"Antiviral effect of strictinin on influenza virus replication". Antiviral Res. 88 (1): 10-8. October 2010. doi:10.1016/j. ... is a bioactive chemical of the ellagitannin family of hydrolyzable tannins.This compound shows activity against influenza virus ...
*  Co-option (biology)
... a study was realized to determine which host-cell factors are necessary for the entry and replication of Influenza A virus. ... "Human host factors required for influenza virus replication". Nature. 463 (7282): 813-817. Bibcode:2010Natur.463..813K. doi: ... Because of its medical importance, the Influenza A virus has been characterized to a large extent, and is mentioned here as an ... That allowed identifying 295 host-cell genes needed for the virus to complete its lytic cycle, 23 of which are used during the ...
*  Allolevivirus
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method ... The virus exits the host cell by bacteria lysis. Enterobacteria serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 ... Allolevivirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Leviviridae. Enterobacteria serve as natural hosts. There are currently only ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Viralzone: Allolevivirus ICTV. ...
*  Mosavirus
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the virus to host receptors, which ... The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and viroporins. Canyon mouse serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved ... Mosavirus is a genus of viruses in the order Picornavirales, in the family Picornaviridae. Canyon mouse serve as natural hosts ...
*  Perhabdovirus
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... The virus exits the host cell by budding, and tubule-guided viral movement. Fish serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral G glycoproteins to host ... Diseases associated with viruses of this genus include: breathing and swimming problems. Table legend: "*" denotes type species ...
*  Ferlavirus
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by virus attaches to host cell. ... There is currently only one species in this genus (Reptilian ferlavirus) to accommodate a single virus, Fer-de-Lance virus ( ... The virus exits the host cell by budding. Reptiles serve as the natural host. Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Bào, Yīmíng; Basler, ...
*  Nodaviridae
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription, using the ... Black beetle virus Boolarra virus Flock House virus Nodamura virus Pariacoto virus Genus: Betanodavirus Barfin flounder nervous ... virus Redspotted grouper nervous necrosis virus Striped jack nervous necrosis virus Tiger puffer nervous necrosis virus While ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses University of Leicester ...
*  Closterovirus
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method ... virus Beet yellows virus Burdock yellows virus Carnation necrotic fleck virus Carrot yellow leaf virus Citrus tristeza virus ... associated virus 2 Mint virus 1 Raspberry leaf mottle virus Strawberry chlorotic fleck-associated virus Wheat yellow leaf virus ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. "ICTVdB Virus Description - 00.017.0.01. Closterovirus". Livieratos IC, ...
*  Teschovirus
Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the virus to host receptors, which ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. "Notes on Genus: Teschovirus". dpvweb. Description of Plant Viruses. ... The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and viroporins. Pig serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are fecal-oral. " ...
*  Rhabdoviridae
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... Replication of many rhabdoviruses occurs in the cytoplasm, although several of the plant infecting viruses replicate in the ... Rabies Rose J, Whitt M (2001). "Rhabdoviridae: The viruses and their replication". In Knipe D, Howley P. Field's Virology. 1 ( ... Diseases associated with viruses of this family include rabies fatal encephalitis caused by rabies virus, and vesicular ...
*  Tibrovirus
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... The virus exits the host cell by budding, and tubule-guided viral movement. Cattle and water buffalo serve as the natural host ... Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral G glycoproteins to host ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 13 August 2015. Afonso, Claudio L.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Bányai, Krisztián; Bào, ...
*  Gammapapillomavirus
Replication follows the dsDNA bidirectional replication model. DNA-templated transcription, with some alternative splicing ... The virus exits the host cell by nuclear envelope breakdown. Human serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are contact ... Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral proteins to host receptors, which ... Gammapapillomavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Papillomaviridae. Human serve as natural hosts. There are currently 20 ...
*  Sigmavirus
Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using ... L'Heritier, P (1957). "The hereditary virus of Drosophila". Advances in Virus Research. 5: 195-245. Longdon, B; Obbard, DJ; ... The virus exits the host cell by budding, and tubule-guided viral movement. Drosophilae serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone ... The genome codes for 6 proteins (3' to 5': N-P-X-M-G-L). Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved ...