Loading...
*  WWP2
Galinier R, Gout E, Lortat-Jacob H, Wood J, Chroboczek J (2003). "Adenovirus protein involved in virus internalization recruits ... "Latent membrane protein 2A of Epstein-Barr virus binds WW domain E3 protein-ubiquitin ligases that ubiquitinate B-cell tyrosine ...
*  WWP1
Galinier R, Gout E, Lortat-Jacob H, Wood J, Chroboczek J (2003). "Adenovirus protein involved in virus internalization recruits ...
*  Lassa virus
It was reported that virus internalization is limited upon cholesterol depletion. The receptor used for cell entry is alpha- ... Lassa virus is an emerging virus and a select agent, requiring Biosafety Level 4-equivalent containment. It is endemic in West ... By 1972, the multimammate rat was found to be the main reservoir of the virus in West Africa, able to shed virus in its urine ... Samples from Pinneo were sent to Yale University in New Haven where a new virus, that would later be known as Lassa virus, was ...
*  HAVCR1
TIM-1 enhanced dengue virus infectivity by 500-fold, particularly increased virus internalization. TIM-1 directly interacted ... TIM-1 binds to Ebola virus glycoproteins (GP) and mediates Ebola virus cellular entry by increasing Ebola virus infectivity in ... that include viruses such as dengue and ebola. Interestingly entry of Lassa fever virus, influenza A virus, and SARS ... is a natural ligand of hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (HAVCR1), and the association of IgA with HAVCR1 enhances virus- ...
*  Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2
"Analysis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus attachment and internalization: distinctive roles for heparan ... Of the top ten swine production states in the United States as of 2010, viruses in 3 of the 9 major lineages were present. Two ... Type 2 PRRSV is an enveloped virus with a non-isometric nucleocapsid core. The Type 2 PRRSV genome has 10 open reading frames ( ... It is thought that the live attenuated vaccination may also revert to the virulent form of the virus. These two vaccinations ...
*  SCAR-Fc
Internalization of the virus into myocytes occurs by binding to coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptors (CAR) located in tight ... Conformational changes in a viral particle (A-particle) with sCAR-Fc-virus binding causing the loss of the virus' internal ... sCAR-Fc prevents the virus entering the cell by competitively binding to coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptors (CAR) on the ... Once the virus penetrates the host's systemic circulation via contaminated water or food, it can travel and infect the heart ...
*  Mammalian orthoreovirus
... the virus is brought into the cell via receptor-mediated endocytosis. Following the internalization of the virus, the viral ... Some diseases that occur as a result of this virus or are associated with this virus include mild upper respiratory illness, ... from respiratory enteric orphan virus. The Mammalian orthoreovirus was labeled an orphan virus in the 1950s when it was ... After the virus has been fully assembled and matured, the newly formed Mammalian orthoreovirus particle is released from the ...
*  Viral shedding
"Endocytosis and recycling of varicella-zoster virus Fc receptor glycoprotein gE: internalization mediated by a YXXL motif in ... These include enveloped viruses such as HIV, HSV, SARS or smallpox. Prior to budding, the virus may put its own receptor onto ... Although this process is primarily used by non-enveloped viruses, enveloped viruses may also use this. HIV is an example of an ... This is used primarily by non-enveloped viruses, although enveloped viruses display this too. An example is the use of ...
*  Hussein Naim
... of the internalization signal in the Y543 influenza virus hemagglutinin suggest a model for recognition of internalization ... Measles virus matrix protein specifies apical virus release and glycoprotein sorting in epithelial cells. EMBO J. 19, 3576-3585 ... Basis for selective incorporation of glycoproteins into influenza virus envelope. J. Virol. 67, 4831-4841 Measles Viruses with ... Oncolytic measles virus in cutaneous T-cell lymphomas mount anti-tumor immune responses in vivo and target interferon resistant ...
*  Actin
... actin polymerization is stimulated in the initial steps of the internalization of some viruses, notably HIV, by, for example, ... The make-up of the cytoskeleton is also related to the pathogenicity of intracellular bacteria and viruses, particularly in the ... In addition the vaccine virus Vaccinia also uses elements of the actin cytoskeleton for its dissemination. Pseudomonas ...
*  PURA
"Internalization of exogenous human immunodeficiency virus-1 protein, Tat, by KG-1 oligodendroglioma cells followed by ... Krachmarov CP, Chepenik LG, Barr-Vagell S, Khalili K, Johnson EM (November 1996). "Activation of the JC virus Tat-responsive ... of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 protein Tat and cellular protein Puralpha on DNA replication initiated at the JC virus ... "Interaction of the single-stranded DNA-binding protein Puralpha with the human polyomavirus JC virus early protein T-antigen". ...
*  Poliovirus
Immediately after internalization of the particle, the viral RNA is released. Poliovirus is a positive-stranded RNA virus. Thus ... and allowing the virus to infect nervous tissue. The mutation rate in the virus is relatively high even for an RNA virus with a ... Virus is shed in the feces of infected individuals. In 95% of cases only a primary, transient presence of viremia (virus in the ... Medicine portal Viruses portal ICTVdb virus classification 2006 Home of Picornaviruses (latest updates of species, serotypes ...
*  DC-SIGN
... as the HIV gp120 molecule causes co-internalization of the DC-SIGN molecule and HIV virus particle (virion). The dendritic cell ... Baribaud F, Doms RW, Pöhlmann S (2006). "The role of DC-SIGN and DC-SIGNR in HIV and Ebola virus infection: can potential ... Bénichou S, Benmerah A (2003). "[The HIV nef and the Kaposi-sarcoma-associated virus K3/K5 proteins: "parasites"of the ... This molecule is involved in the initial stages of the human immunodeficiency virus infection, ...
*  Mastadenovirus
... to host integrin entry receptors mediates internalization into the host cell by clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the virus and ... The virus exits the host cell by nuclear envelope breakdown, viroporins, and lysis. Human, mammals, and vertebrates serve as ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 1 July 2015. taxonomy. "Taxonomy browser (Mastadenovirus)". Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. ... Mastadenovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Adenoviridae. Human, mammals, and vertebrates serve as natural hosts. There ...
*  Lloviu virus
... followed by internalization, fusion of the virion envelope with endosomal membranes and the concomitant release of the virus ... Lloviu virus (LLOV) is an uncultured virus distantly related to the well-known pathogens Ebola virus and Marburg virus. Lloviu ... A virus that fulfills the criteria for being a member of the species Lloviu cuevavirus is a Lloviu virus if it has the ... Virus Taxonomy-Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, London, UK: Elsevier/Academic Press, pp. 653 ...
*  Apoptosis
April 2010). "Apoptosis induced by Oropouche virus infection in HeLa cells is dependent on virus protein expression". Virus Res ... In order for apoptosis to occur within OROV, viral uncoating, viral internalization, along with the replication of cells is ... Whilst a number of viruses can block the effects of TNF and Fas. For example, the M-T2 protein of myxoma viruses can bind TNF ... Some viruses express caspase inhibitors that inhibit caspase activity and an example is the CrmA protein of cowpox viruses. ...
*  Parvovirus B19
Like other nonenveloped DNA viruses, pathogenicity of parvovirus B19 involves binding to host cell receptors, internalization, ... Erythroviruses belong to the Parvoviridae family of small DNA viruses. It is a non-enveloped, icosahedral virus that contains a ... B19 virus is most known for causing disease in the pediatric population; however, it can also affect adults. It is the classic ... This rate is similar to that of other single stranded DNA viruses. VP2 codons were found to be under purifying selection. In ...
*  Senecavirus
Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and ... or rare tumors with neuroendocrine features It is believed that senecavirus internalizes by receptor-mediated internalization, ... Virotherapy Oncolytic virus "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 ... "Safety Study of Seneca Valley Virus in Patients With Solid Tumors With Neuroendocrine Features". "Seneca Valley Virus-001 After ...
*  Lck
Cefai D, Ferrer M, Serpente N, Idziorek T, Dautry-Varsat A, Debre P, Bismuth G (Jul 1992). "Internalization of HIV glycoprotein ... Crise B, Rose JK (Apr 1992). "Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 glycoprotein precursor retains a CD4-p56lck complex in the ... Soula M, Fagard R, Fischer S (Feb 1992). "Interaction of human immunodeficiency virus glycoprotein 160 with CD4 in Jurkat cells ... "Evidence that the transforming gene of avian sarcoma virus encodes a protein kinase associated with a phosphoprotein". Cell. 15 ...
*  Antigen presentation
If there has been an infection with viruses or bacteria, the cell will present an endogenous or exogenous peptide fragment ... In the first case, after internalisation, the antigens are enclosed in vesicles called endosomes. There are three compartements ... Whenever they encounter signs of disease, caused for example by the presence of viruses or intracellular bacteria or a ... from virus-infected and non-infected cells. After the interaction between pMHC-I and TCR, in presence of costimulatory signals ...
*  LDL receptor
... viruses such as hepatitis C virus, Flaviviridae viruses and bovine viral diarrheal virus could enter cells indirectly via LDLR- ... After internalization, the receptors dissociate from their ligands when they are exposed to lower pH in endosomes. After ... Agnello V, Abel G, Elfahal M, Knight GB, Zhang QX (October 1999). "Hepatitis C virus and other flaviviridae viruses enter cells ... Class 4 mutations inhibit the internalisation of the receptor-ligand complex. e.g. "JD" mutant results from a single point ...
*  CCR5
Also, the virus still has access to the CD4. Unlike CCR5, which the body apparently doesn't really need due to those still ... and internalization in viral-cell fusion and as targets for entry inhibitors". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1614 (1): 51-61. ... These receptors are located on the surface of host immune cells whereby they provide a method of entry for the HIV-1 virus to ... Many forms of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, initially use CCR5 to enter and infect host cells. Certain individuals carry a ...
*  CXCR4
Typically, these viruses are found late in infection. It is unclear as to whether the emergence of CXCR4-using HIV is a ... and internalization in viral-cell fusion and as targets for entry inhibitors". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1614 (1): 51-61. ... Esté JA (September 2003). "Virus entry as a target for anti-HIV intervention". Current Medicinal Chemistry. 10 (17): 1617-32. ... "Chemokine receptor utilization and macrophage signaling by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120: Implications for ...
*  Pemphigus foliaceus
Activation of an endocytic pathway: The antibody activates a pathway which causes an internalization of desmogleïn 1, which in ... our immune system produces antibodies that attack viruses and harmful bacteria to keep us healthy. In people with pemphigus, ...
*  Adenovirus genome
"Viruses - Complete Genomes". NCBI. Retrieved 2013-01-17. "Human Adenovirus E Genome". NCBI. Retrieved 2013-01-17. "Human ... "PHA3612: receptor internalization and degradation protein alpha". NCBI. Retrieved 2013-01-17. "PHA3620: CR1 beta membrane ... Control protein E3 14.7K protects the virus from host antiviral responses. The control proteins of the E4 transcription unit ... thereby preventing T-cell lymphocytes from recognizing that the host cell has been infected by a virus. ...
*  Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Then, the bacteria induce their internalization into host cells via a receptor-mediated invasion mechanism. Researchers believe ... Differential diagnosis includes dengue, leptospirosis, and, most recently, chikungunya and Zika virus infections. Appropriate ... the organism smaller than a bacterium and larger than a virus) that causes this disease. He and others characterized the basic ...