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*  Respiratory syncytial virus G protein
"Genetic variability and molecular evolution of the human respiratory syncytial virus subgroup B attachment G protein". J. Virol ... Respiratory syncytial virus G protein is a protein produced by respiratory syncytial virus. It has been proposed as a target ... Li XQ, Fu ZF, Alvarez R, Henderson C, Tripp RA (January 2006). "Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infects neuronal cells and ... Harcourt J, Alvarez R, Jones LP, Henderson C, Anderson LJ, Tripp RA (February 2006). "Respiratory syncytial virus G protein and ...
*  Gammaherpesvirinae
The main stages in the lifecycle of Gamma herpes virus are namely • Virus attachment and entry • Viral DNA injection through ... Unclassified viruses. Within this genus there are a number of unclassified viruses including cynomys herpesvirus 1 (CynGHV-1) ... Gammaherpesvirinae is a subfamily of viruses in the order Herpesvirales, in the family Herpesviridae. Viruses in ... Viruses that establish lifelong latent infections must ensure that the viral genome is maintained within the latently infected ...
*  Respiratory tract infection
April 2006). "H5N1 Virus Attachment to Lower Respiratory Tract". Science. 312 (5772): 399. doi:10.1126/science.1125548. PMID ...
*  Pneumoviridae
Facilitates virus attachment through interactions with glycosaminoglycans. L- RNA dependent RNA polymerase. Required for ... Pneumoviridae (from Greek pneumo-, lung, -viridae, virus from Latin, poison, slimy liquid) is a new virus family in the order ... It functions as a processivity factor for the virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and promotes viral RNA synthesis. Viruses in ... First, the virus binds to HN glycoprotein receptors expressed on the surface of the cell. Then, through the action of the ...
*  Bolivian hemorrhagic fever
"Unusual Molecular Architecture of the Machupo Virus Attachment Glycoprotein". Journal of Virology. 83 (16): 8259-8265. doi: ... BHF was first identified in 1963 as an ambisense RNA virus of the Arenaviridae family, by a research group led by Karl Johnson ... In November 2011, a SEDES expert involved in a serosurvey to determine the extent of Machupo virus infections in the Department ... Although there are no cures or vaccine for the disease, a vaccine developed for the genetically related Junín virus which ...
*  Discovery and development of neuraminidase inhibitors
Influenza virus attachment to cells. Retrieved October 2014, from http://www.virology.ws/2009/05/04/influenza-virus-attachment- ... The Influenza virus is an RNA virus that is divided into three serological types: A, B and C. Hemagglutinin (HA) and ... Viral replication rate is then reduced and that allows human immune system to destroy the remaining viruses. Influenza virus ... during virus replication. The virus will then be released from the host cells and will subsequently infect other cells. ...
*  Cache Valley virus
They are involved in virus attachment and cell fusion. Once inside the cell, the viral membrane fuses with the endosomal ... a teratogenic virus of the Orthobunyavirus genus closely related to Cache Valley Virus, the virus was shown to replicate in the ... Therefore, deer tend to act as amplifying hosts to the virus. While the virus is able to replicate in adult animals, besides a ... www.ag.ndsu.edu/news/newsreleases/2011/jan-10-2011/cache-valley-virus-may-have-affected-n-d-sheep "Mosquito-spread virus ...
*  Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2
"Involvement of the matrix protein in attachment of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus to a heparinlike ... "Analysis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus attachment and internalization: distinctive roles for heparan ... Of the top ten swine production states in the United States as of 2010, viruses in 3 of the 9 major lineages were present. Two ... Type 2 PRRSV is an enveloped virus with a non-isometric nucleocapsid core. The Type 2 PRRSV genome has 10 open reading frames ( ...
*  HIV-1 protease
Other drug therapy targets include reverse transcriptase, virus attachment, membrane fusion, cDNA integration and virion ... Seelmeier S, Schmidt H, Turk V, von der Helm K (September 1988). "Human immunodeficiency virus has an aspartic-type protease ... July 1988). "Active human immunodeficiency virus protease is required for viral infectivity". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85 ... McPhee F, Good AC, Kuntz ID, Craik CS (October 1996). "Engineering human immunodeficiency virus 1 protease heterodimers as ...
*  Poliovirus
If detail is given at the attachment phase; poliovirus with canyons on the virion surface have virus attachment sites located ... and allowing the virus to infect nervous tissue. The mutation rate in the virus is relatively high even for an RNA virus with a ... The canyons are too narrow for access by antibodies, so the virus attachment sites are protected from the host's immune ... Virus is shed in the feces of infected individuals. In 95% of cases only a primary, transient presence of viremia (virus in the ...
*  Envelope glycoprotein GP120
Gp120 is essential for virus entry into cells as it plays a vital role in attachment to specific cell surface receptors. These ... which prevents viral entry by binding to the viral envelope gp120 and interfering with virus attachment to the host CD4 ... "Env length and N-linked glycosylation following transmission of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 subtype B viruses". ... gp120 can also easily be shed from the surface of the virus and captured by T cells due to its loose binding with gp41. A ...
*  Molecular virology
... or virus-attachment proteins) and cellular receptors molecules such as (glyco)proteins. The host range of a virus is determined ... Release of viruses could be done by two different mechanisms depending on the type of virus. Lytic viruses burst the cell's ... First, the virus has to enter the body and implant itself into a tissue ( e.g. respiratory tissue). Second, the virus has to ... Viruses rely on their host to replicate and multiply. This is because viruses are unable to go through cell division, as they ...
*  Portable Document Format
PDF attachments carrying viruses were first discovered in 2001. The virus, named OUTLOOK.PDFWorm or Peachy, uses Microsoft ... PDF Attachment Virus "Peachy", 15 August 2001. "Security bulletins and advisories". Adobe. Retrieved 2010-02-21. Steve Gibson ... PDF files can have file attachments which processors may access and open or save to a local filesystem. PDF files can contain ... The PDF specification also provides for encryption and digital signatures, file attachments and metadata to enable workflows ...
*  Virus quantification
In this variation, serum antibodies to the influenza virus will interfere with the virus attachment to red blood cells. ... Virus quantification involves counting the number of viruses in a specific volume to determine the virus concentration. It is ... virus particles) occurring at a known average rate (virus titer) are likely to occur in a fixed space (the amount of virus ... If incubation and virus growth are required, cell and/or virus lysis/digestion are often conducted prior to analysis. Most ...
*  Glossary of virology
... in some viruses. Helps to penetrate the host cell wall. Nucleocapsid Virion Virus attachment protein - binds to the receptor on ... Icosahedral Triangulation number Enveloped Complex Helical Prolate Q number T number Capsid the protein shell of a virus Viral ... Icosahedral having the symmetry of an icosahedron Attachment Penetration Maturation Replication the process by which the virus ... This is a glossary of terms used in virology, in particular for describing viruses and their actions. ...
*  Portable Document Format security
PDF Attachment Virus "Peachy", 15 August 2001. "Malicious PDFs Execute Code Without a Vulnerability". PCMAG. Bryan Guignard. " ... In 2003, the W32 Yourde virus that exploited a vulnerability in Acrobat 5.0.5 was discovered . A corrupted PDF document ... was identified and spread through PDF documents as Microsoft Outlook email attachments. It appeared as a game running a ...
*  Simian foamy virus
"Heparan Sulfate Is an Attachment Factor for Foamy Virus Entry". Journal of Virology. 86 (18): 10028-10035. doi:10.1128/JVI. ... This rate is quite different from that of exogenous RNA viruses such as HIV and influenza A virus (10−3 to 10−4 substitutions ... The Viruses. Springer, Boston, MA. pp. 361-397. doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-1627-3_6. ISBN 9781489916297. "Foamy Virus (Spumavirus) ... This is the slowest rate of substitution observed for RNA viruses and is closer to that of DNA viruses and endogenous ...
*  Bovine foamy virus
"Heparan Sulfate Is an Attachment Factor for Foamy Virus Entry". Journal of Virology. 86 (18): 10028-10035. doi:10.1128/JVI. ... Bovine foamy virus is an enveloped, spherical virus. The virus particles are approximately 80-100 nm in diameter and contain ... For this reason, scientists have likened foamy viruses to viruses of the family Hepadnaviridae. Foamy viruses also contain ... Supma viruses derive their name from spuma the latin for "foam". The 'foam' part of 'foamy virus' comes from syncytium ...
*  Mobile security
This attachment is infected with a virus. Upon receipt of the MMS, the user can choose to open the attachment. If it is opened ... and the virus sends an MMS with an infected attachment to all the contacts in the address book. There is a real-world example ... Then, the virus began to send messages to recipients taken from the address book. The attacker may try to break the encryption ... Trojans, worms and viruses are all considered malware. A Trojan is a program that is on the smartphone and allows external ...
*  Gateway Anti-Virus
The web service uses ClamAV to scan the attachments for viruses and it returns the results to the client. Free software portal ... Gateway Anti-Virus allows applications across the enterprise to check files for viruses by providing a SOAP-based virus ... Official Gateway Anti-Virus Website Gateway Anti-Virus on SourceForge.net Gateway Anti-Virus at Open Hub "Gateway Anti-Virus". ... Client applications attach files to SOAP messages and submit them to the Gateway Anti-Virus web service. ...
*  GYPA
"Evidence for a direct role for sialic acid in the attachment of encephalomyocarditis virus to human erythrocytes". Biochemistry ... Several viruses bind to glycophorin A including hepatitis A virus (via its capsid), bovine parvovirus , Sendai virus , ... Ohyama K, Endo T, Ohkuma S, Yamakawa T (May 1993). "Isolation and influenza virus receptor activity of glycophorins B, C and D ... Tomita M, Marchesi VT (1976). "Amino-acid sequence and oligosaccharide attachment sites of human erythrocyte glycophorin". Proc ...
*  Paramyxoviridae
Entry into the host cell is achieved by virus attachment to host cell. Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus ... Another virus in this family is Anaconda paramyxovirus. Bank vole virus, Mossman virus and Nariva virus are three paramyxovirus ... J virus is very similar to Beilong virus and probably belongs in the same genus. Both have features that differ from the other ... Tailam virus may also belong in this genus. The genus Jeilongvirus has been proposed for these three viruses. The relations ...
*  Hemagglutinin (influenza)
1997). "Attachment and entry of influenza virus into host cells. Pivotal roles of hemagglutinin". In Chiu W, Burnett RM, Garcea ... The hemagglutinin of the H5N1 virus has been associated with the high pathogenicity of this flu virus strain, apparently due to ... Influenza viruses are characterized by the type of HA and NA that they carry; hence H1N1, H5N2 etc. A highly pathogenic avian ... Structural Biology of Viruses. Oxford University Press. pp. 80-104. Stegmann T, Booy, P.F., Wilschut, J. Dec 1987, "Effects of ...
*  Mosavirus
Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the virus to host receptors, which mediates endocytosis. Replication ... The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and viroporins. Canyon mouse serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved ... Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by ribosomal skipping. ... Mosavirus is a genus of viruses in the order Picornavirales, in the family Picornaviridae. Canyon mouse serve as natural hosts ...
*  Teschovirus
Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the virus to host receptors, which mediates endocytosis. Replication ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. "Notes on Genus: Teschovirus". dpvweb. Description of Plant Viruses. ... The virus exits the host cell by lysis, and viroporins. Pig serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are fecal-oral. " ... Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by ribosomal skipping. ...
*  Gammapapillomavirus
The virus exits the host cell by nuclear envelope breakdown. Human serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are contact ... Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral proteins to host receptors, which mediates endocytosis. ... Gammapapillomavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Papillomaviridae. Human serve as natural hosts. There are currently 20 ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Viralzone: Gammapapillomavirus ICTV. ...