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*  Staphylococcus aureus
This pigment acts as a virulence factor, primarily by being a bacterial antioxidant which helps the microbe evade the reactive ... Pathogenic strains often promote infections by producing virulence factors such as potent protein toxins, and the expression of ... a Novel Virulence Factor Regulatory RNA That Contributes to the Pathogenesis of a Staphylococcus aureus USA300 Representative ... In fact, studies involving mutation of genes coding for protein A resulted in a lowered virulence of S. aureus as measured by ...
*  Virulence factor
... it is an example of a virulence factor from a fungus. Other virulence factors include factors required for biofilm formation (e ... When placed at random, the transposon may be placed next to a virulence factor or placed in the middle of a virulence factor ... Small molecules being investigated for their ability to inhibit virulence factors and virulence factor expression include ... These obtained bacterial virulence factors have two different routes used to help them survive and grow: The factors are used ...
*  Aggressive periodontitis
Virulence factors are the attributes of microorganisms that enable it to colonise a particular niche in its host, overcome the ... Fives-Taylor, P. M.; Meyer, D. H.; Mintz, K. P.; Brissette, C. (June 1999). "Virulence factors of Actinobacillus ... 2000) have categorised the virulence factors of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans as follows. Samaranayake notes the ... Removal of plaque retentive factors: Local plaque retentive factors such as mal-positioned teeth, overhanging restorations, ...
*  Listeriolysin O
The toxin may be considered a virulence factor, since it is crucial for the virulence of L. monocytogenes. Listeriolysin O is a ... Virulence Factors of Pathogenic Bacteria. "Pathogenicity islands in Listeria: LIPI-1." State Key Laboratory for Molecular ... as well as other virulence factors of L. monocytogenes within LIPI-1, is activated by the protein encoded by prfA gene. prfA is ... as well as listeriolysin O and other virulence factors regulated by PrfA, is only produced when L. monocytogenes is in a host. ...
*  Sporothrix schenckii
S. schenckii synthesizes melanin both in vitro and in vivo Melanin production is a virulence factor found in many fungi that ... Hogan LH, Klein BS, Levitz SM (October 1996). "Virulence factors of medically important fungi". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 9 (4): ...
*  Proteus penneri
Several virulence factors of P. penneri can make infections from this invasive pathogen more pronounced, persistent, and harder ... Rózalski A, Kwil I, Torzewska A, Baranowska M, Staczek P (2007). "[Proteus bacilli: features and virulence factors]". Postepy ... Similar to other Proteus species, P. penneri has a cell-bound hemolytic factor, which has been shown to facilitate penetration ...
*  Viroporin
... s can also be considered virulence factors; in viruses in which viroporins are not essential, their pathogenicity is ...
*  Transcriptomics technologies
Wu HJ, Wang AH, Jennings MP (February 2008). "Discovery of virulence factors of pathogenic bacteria". Current Opinion in ... identifying novel virulence factors, predicting antibiotic resistance and unveiling host-pathogen immune interactions. A ...
*  Bacterial blight of soybean
The expression of these virulence factors depends on the environmental conditions at the time of infection (see "environment ... expression of virulence factors will only take place when a sufficiently large population of bacteria is present, which is ... "Pathogenicity and virulence factors of Pseudomonas syringae". Journal of General Plant Pathology. 79: 285-296. doi:10.1007/ ... "Pathogenicity and Virulence Factors of Phytobacteria" (PDF). Scholars Academic Journal of Biosciences. Agrios, George N. (2005 ...
*  Pseudomonas syringae
P. syringae isolates carry a range of virulence factors called type III secretion system (T3SS) effector proteins. These ... Ichinose, Yuki; Taguchi, Fumiko; Mukaihara, Takafumi (2013). "Pathogenicity and virulence factors of Pseudomonas syringae". J ... the bacteria change their pattern of gene expression to form a biofilm and begin expression virulence-related genes. The ...
*  Candida dubliniensis
... phylogeny and putative virulence factors". Microbiology. 144 (4): 829-838. doi:10.1099/00221287-144-4-829. PMID 9579058. ...
*  Neutrophil elastase
This protein degrades the outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of E. coli as well as the virulence factors of such bacteria as ... Weinrauch Y, Drujan D, Shapiro SD, Weiss J, Zychlinsky A (May 2002). "Neutrophil elastase targets virulence factors of ...
*  Fire blight
Motility is another major virulence factor. Since E. amylovora is not an obligate biotroph, it is able to survive outside the ... "Virulence Factors of Erwinia Amylovora: A Review." International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16.6 (2015): 12836-2854. Web. 15 ... In the long-run, fire blight is a very important factor of economy and society. Pathogenicity depends on many different factors ... The factors that determine whether or not cankers become active are not well known, but it is thought that cankers found on ...
*  CagA
Helicobacter pylori virulence factor CagA (cytotoxin-associated gene A) is a 120-145kDa protein encoded on the 40kb cag ... Yamaoka Y (November 2010). "Mechanisms of disease: Helicobacter pylori virulence factors". Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 7 (11 ... This phenotype mimics an effect produced by hepatocyte growth factor which may participate in various aspects of cancer, ...
*  Pneumolysin
... is a putative virulence factor of the gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. It is a pore-forming toxin ... Nov 27, 1998). "The molecular mechanism of pneumolysin, a virulence factor from Streptococcus pneumoniae". Journal of Molecular ... Rubins, JB; Janoff, EN (January 1998). "Pneumolysin: A multifunctional pneumococcal virulence factor". The Journal of ...
*  Antivirulence
... is the concept of blocking virulence factors. In regards to bacteria, the idea is to design agents that block ... "Two-for-one bacterial virulence factor revealed". phys.org. Retrieved 17 January 2016. ... virulence rather than kill bacteria en masse, as the current regime results in much more selective pressure (on antibiotic ...
*  Fungus
Schaller M, Borelli C, Korting HC, Hube B (November 2005). "Hydrolytic enzymes as virulence factors of Candida albicans". ... Factors that likely contribute to the under-representation of fungal species among fossils include the nature of fungal ... The response protects U. maydis from the host defense, and is necessary for the pathogen's virulence. Furthermore, U. maydis ... Molina L, Kahmann R (July 2007). "An Ustilago maydis gene involved in H2O2 detoxification is required for virulence". The Plant ...
*  Fis
Some of these genes include important virulence factors. The role of fis is well studied in E. coli, but its role in ... Fis Is Essential for Capsule Production in Pasteurella multocida and Regulates Expression of Other Important Virulence Factors ... Fis Is Essential for Capsule Production in Pasteurella multocida and Regulates Expression of Other Important Virulence Factors ... Koch,C. and Kahmann,R. (1986) Purification and properties of the Escherichia coli host factor required for inversion of the G ...
*  Exoenzyme
Many exoenzymes are also used as virulence factors. Pathogens, both bacterial and fungal, can use exoenzymes as a primary ... Some pathogenic species also use exoenzymes as virulence factors to assist in the spread of these disease causing ... Favero D, Furlaneto-Maia L, França EJ, Góes HP, Furlaneto MC (February 2014). "Hemolytic factor production by clinical isolates ...
*  Fiona Brinkman
Ho Sui, S.J., Fedynak, A., Langille, M.G.I., Hsiao, W.W., and F.S.L. Brinkman (2009). The association of virulence factors with ... She confirmed the anecdotal assumption that virulence factors (disease-causing genes in pathogens) are disproportionately ... "Pathogen bioinformatics and the evolution of microbial virulence - Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research". Msfhr.org. ... and better factor in the important role of societal changes and the environment in shaping microbiomes Thomson Reuter's Highly ...
*  Staphyloxanthin
... also acts as a virulence factor. It has an antioxidant action that helps the microbe evade death by reactive ... "Staphylococcus aureus golden pigment impairs neutrophil killing and promotes virulence through its antioxidant activity". J Exp ... "A cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor blocks Staphylococcus aureus virulence". Science. 319 (5868): 391-94. doi:10.1126/science. ...
*  Moraxella catarrhalis
Lipooligosaccharide is considered one possible virulence factor. Since the recent recognition of M. catarrhalis as an important ... as well as determining factors involved with virulence, e.g. complement resistance. ...
*  Bacterial adhesin
Identified Virulence Factors of UPEC : Adherence, State Key Laboratory for Moleclular Virology and Genetic Engineering, Beijing ... The majority of bacterial pathogens exploit specific adhesion to host cells as their main virulence factor. "A large number of ... This prevalence marks them as key microbial virulence factors in addition to a bacterium's ability to produce toxins and resist ... Adhesins are a type of virulence factor. Adherence is an essential step in bacterial pathogenesis or infection, required for ...
*  Pseudomonas aeruginosa
P. aeruginosa uses the virulence factor exotoxin A to inactivate eukaryotic elongation factor 2 via ADP-ribosylation in the ... "Down regulation of virulence factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by salicylic acid attenuates its virulence on Arabidopsis ... Pyocyanin is a virulence factor of the bacteria and has been known to cause death in C. elegans by oxidative stress. However, ... The associations of virulence factors are the same for plant and animal infections. Regulation of gene expression can occur ...
*  Streptococcus pneumoniae
They have a polysaccharide capsule that acts as a virulence factor for the organism; more than 90 different serotypes are known ... "Pathogenic Properties (Virulence Factors) of Some Common Pathogens" (PDF). "Clindamycin" (PDF). Davis. 2017. Retrieved March 24 ... and immunogenic cell wall components are all major virulence factors. After S. pneumoniae colonizes the air sacs of the lungs, ... It has a core set of 1553 genes, plus 154 genes in its virulome, which contribute to virulence and 176 genes that maintain a ...
*  Filamentous haemagglutinin adhesin
... which uses this protein as a virulence factor.. ... filamentous protein that serves as a dominant attachment factor ...
*  Rhamnolipid
A variety of virulence factors were analysed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from pneumonia patients. Rhamnolipids ... In summary, rhamnolipids have been shown unequivocally to be a potent virulence factor in the human host, however, they are ... Zulianello L, Canard C, Köhler T, Caille D, Lacroix JS, Meda P (June 2006). "Rhamnolipids are virulence factors that promote ... As mentioned previously, Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces a host of virulence factors in concert, under the control of the ...