Loading...
*  Vpr
HIV-2 contains both a Vpr protein and a related (by sequence homology) Vpx protein (Viral Protein X). Two functions of Vpr in ... Vpr stands for "Viral Protein R". Vpr, a 96 amino acid 14-kDa protein, plays an important role in regulating nuclear import of ... with the HIV-2 Vpr protein inducing cell cycle arrest and the Vpx protein required for nuclear import. Vpr-binding protein ( ... "Viral protein R of HIV-1". Rev. Med. Virol. 9 (1): 39-49. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1654(199901/03)9:1. 3.0.CO;2-3. PMID 10371671 ...
*  Viral protein
The viral envelope is made up of a lipid bilayer embedded with viral proteins, including viral glycoproteins. These viral ... Many copies of a single viral protein or a number of different viral proteins make up the capsid, and each of these viral ... Viral regulatory and accessory proteins have many functions. These viral proteins control and influence viral gene expressions ... Viral proteins are grouped according to their functions, and groups of viral proteins include structural proteins, ...
*  Ebola viral protein 24
... (eVP24) is considered a multifunctional secondary matrix protein present in viral particles. The broad ... nonstructural proteins, VP30 and VP35; and viral polymerase. The functions of the viral proteins remained the last to be well ... It has been noted that eVP24 function can overlap with that of two other viral proteins; eVP40 matrix protein which functions ... The STAT1 protein is phosphorylated by interferons in response to viral infection causing it to express a non-classical nuclear ...
*  Viral structural protein
A viral structural protein is a viral protein that is a structural component of the mature virus. Examples include the SARS ... March 2005). "Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 3a protein is a viral structural protein". J. Virol. 79 (5): 3182-6 ... "Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 7a accessory protein is a viral structural protein". J. Virol. 80 (15): 7287-94. ... Viral Structural Proteins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Ito N, Mossel EC, Narayanan K ...
*  Viral matrix protein
Viral matrix proteins, like many other viral proteins, can exert different functions during the course of the infection. For ... In herpesviruses, the viral matrix is usually called viral tegument and contains many proteins involved in viral entry, early ... Structural proteins linking the viral envelope with the virus core. They play a crucial role in virus assembly, and interact ... An example is the M1 protein of the influenza virus, showing affinity to the glycoproteins inserted in the host cell membrane ...
*  Viral nonstructural protein
Influenza non-structural protein NS1 influenza protein Viral Nonstructural Proteins at the US National Library of Medicine ... In virology, a nonstructural protein is a protein encoded by a virus but that is not part of the viral particle. NSP1 ( ...
*  Viral regulatory and accessory protein
A viral regulatory and accessory protein is a type of viral protein that can play an indirect role in the function of a virus. ... Viral regulatory and accessory proteins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Akari H, Bour S ... Kao S, Adachi A, Strebel K (November 2001). "The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 accessory protein Vpu induces apoptosis by ...
*  Membrane fusion protein
... are proteins that cause fusion of biological membranes. Most of them are viral proteins. Examples include: SNARE (protein), ... Classification of viral fusion proteins in TCDB database Membrane fusion proteins at the US National Library of Medicine ... Membrane fusion proteins (not to be confused with chimeric or fusion proteins) ...
*  Cryptotope
Regenmortel, Marc (2008). "Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Viral Proteins" (PDF). Elsevier. Reider, Franz; Biebl, Julia; et ... A cryptotope is an antigenic site or epitope hidden in a protein or virion by surface subunits. Cryptotopes are antigenically ... active only after the dissociation of protein aggregates and virions Some infectious pathogens are known to escape ...
*  Virokine
Lucas, A; McFadden, G (15 October 2004). "Secreted immunomodulatory viral proteins as novel biotherapeutics". Journal of ... A third class of virally encoded immunomodulatory proteins consists of proteins that bind directly to cytokines. Due to the ... The early 1990s saw several reports of virally encoded proteins with sequence homology to immune proteins, followed by reports ... Virokines are proteins encoded by some large DNA viruses that are secreted by the host cell and serve to evade the host's ...
*  Sweet potato feathery mottle virus
Once the viral proteins are translated, the genome is replicated (as mediated by 6K2, P3, and CI) and packaged into the virion ... TABLE 1: SPFMV Viral proteins and functions. Overall, the genome is 10-15% longer than average potyvirus genome lengths; ... The presence of this virus is usually indicated by the presence of sweet potato viral disease, as it is noticed less often on ... Ryu, K.H.; Kim, S.J.; Park, W.M. (1998). "Nucleotide sequence analysis of the coat protein genes of two Korean isolates of ...
*  Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
During replication of a virus some of the viral proteins are expressed on the cell surface membrane of the infected cell. ... Antibodies can then bind to these viral proteins. Next, the NK cells which have Fc Receptors will bind to that antibody, ... inducing the NK cell to release proteins such as perforin and proteases known as granzymes, which causes the lysis of the ...
*  Ff phages
When sufficient copies of the RF and a viral protein p5 (pV / g5p) have formed, new ssDNA viral genomes get bound by p5 by ... The p5-DNA complex binds to a complex of viral and host proteins on the membrane. As the DNA is stripped of the p5, it is ... This form is called the replicative form (RF). The strand which came from the virus (VS) is nicked by the viral protein p2 (pII ... The RFs are transcribed and viral proteins accumulate. The RFs are passed on indefinitely to the daughter cells as plasmids. ...
*  Duck plague
Multiple necessary viral proteins are located within the envelope. DNA and proteins enter the host cell nucleus and turn-off ... Entrance to host cells begins infection, and is largely controled by the US 2 viral protein. Envelope fusion with the plasma ... L genes are transcribed "after the synthesis of DNA and viral protein onset". Virion DNA maturation occurs as the nucleocapids ... During this phase IE genes are transcribed without other proteins. The E genes are also transcribed before viral DNA ...
*  Overlapping gene
Studies of overprinted viral genes suggest that their protein products tend to be accessory proteins which are not essential to ... Pavesi, Angelo; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Karlin, David G.; Wilke, Claus O. (15 August 2013). "Viral Proteins Originated De Novo by ... Sabath, N.; Wagner, A.; Karlin, D. (19 July 2012). "Evolution of Viral Proteins Originated De Novo by Overprinting". Molecular ... "Overlapping Genes Produce Proteins with Unusual Sequence Properties and Offer Insight into De Novo Protein Creation". Journal ...
*  RNA silencing suppressor p19
PMC 2753099 . Sabath, N.; Wagner, A.; Karlin, D. (19 July 2012). "Evolution of Viral Proteins Originated De Novo by ... By sequestering siRNA, p19 suppresses RNA silencing and promotes viral proliferation. The p19 protein is considered a ... RNA silencing suppressor p19 (also known as Tombusvirus P19 core protein and 19 kDa symptom severity modulator) is a protein ... this strategy appears to have evolved at least three times in distinct viral lineages using proteins with distinct structures ...
*  Orbivirus
Transcription of the viral genome into mRNA occurs within the core particle and mRNA is translated into proteins using the host ... The outer-capsid proteins are more variable than the core proteins and most of the non-structural proteins and the specificity ... Viral proteins are synthesized 2-14 days after initial infection. New virons self-assemble within the cytoplasm and are then ... NS2 is phosphorylated by cellular kinases and is an important matrix protein of the granular viral inclusion bodies that form ...
*  Potexvirus
The genome encodes 5 proteins. From left to right these proteins are: the viral replication protein that consists of a capping ... The coat protein has a molecular weight of ~25kDa. The 3' untranslated region is ~100 nucleotides in length. Viral replication ... These subgenomic RNAs are then translated into the viral proteins. The 5' end is about 80 nucleotides in length and typically ... and the coat protein. The RNA is translated giving rise to the viral RNA polymerase. This in turn produces a negative stranded ...
*  Alfalfa mosaic virus
On the other hand, an increase in N (viral protein) was observed. Infected alfalfa was also not seen to be harmful for domestic ... Beside encapsidation and its role in movement the viral coat protein also plays a role in the initiation of RNA replication. ... Tenllado F.; Bol J. (2000). "Genetic dissection of the multiple functions of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in viral RNA ... 5th step: Plus- strand RNAs and viral proteins are synthesized. Virions assemble. (Most details of the replication cycle are ...
*  Foot-and-mouth disease virus
The synthesis of viral proteins include 2A 'cleavage' during translation. They include proteases that inhibit the synthesis of ... Once the virus is inside the host cell, the capsid dissolves, and the RNA gets replicated, and translated into viral proteins ... The infected cell ends up producing large quantities of viral RNA and capsid proteins, which are assembled to form new viruses ... The virus particle (25-30 nm) has an icosahedral capsid made of protein, without envelope, containing a single strand of ...
*  HBx
... is a hepatitis B viral protein. It is 154 amino acids long and interferes with transcription, signal transduction, cell ... Increased HBx expression in turn leads to an inhibition of PRMT1-mediated protein methylation, benefiting viral replication. ... Several thousand protein-coding genes appear to have HBx-binding sites. In addition to binding to protein coding genes, HBx ... This is because the X protein promotes cell cycle progression while binding to and inhibiting tumor suppressor protein p53 from ...
*  HBeAg
... is a hepatitis B viral protein. It is an indicator of active viral replication; this means the person infected with ... Hence the reason why the presence of both proteins together acts as a marker of viral replication, and why antibodies to these ... multiple protein products can be produced from the same DNA sequence and when the genes "ORF Core" and "Pre C" are translated ...
*  Cyclin-dependent kinase 1
Li L, Li HS, Pauza CD, Bukrinsky M, Zhao RY (2006). "Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen ... Le Rouzic E, Benichou S (2006). "The Vpr protein from HIV-1: distinct roles along the viral life cycle". Retrovirology. 2: 11. ... Zhao RY, Bukrinsky M, Elder RT (2005). "HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) & host cellular responses". Indian J. Med. Res. 121 (4): ... Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 also known as CDK1 or cell division cycle protein 2 homolog is a highly conserved protein that ...
*  NFKB1
Le Rouzic E, Benichou S (2006). "The Vpr protein from HIV-1: distinct roles along the viral life cycle". Retrovirology. 2: 11. ... The 105 kD protein is a Rel protein-specific transcription inhibitor and the 50 kD protein is a DNA binding subunit of the NF- ... Zhao RY, Bukrinsky M, Elder RT (2005). "HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) & host cellular responses". Indian J. Med. Res. 121 (4): ... "The tumor suppressor protein menin interacts with NF-kappaB proteins and inhibits NF-kappaB-mediated transactivation". Oncogene ...
*  CCL3
Li L, Li HS, Pauza CD, Bukrinsky M, Zhao RY (2006). "Roles of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins in viral pathogenesis and host-pathogen ... Zhao RY, Bukrinsky M, Elder RT (Apr 2005). "HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) & host cellular responses". The Indian Journal of ... 1988) demonstrated 2 protein components of MIP1, called by them alpha (CCL3, this protein) and beta (CCL4). CCL3 produces a ... Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3) also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha (MIP-1-alpha) is a protein that in ...
*  Camelpox
When all of the structural proteins have been produced, viral assembly takes place. The newly formed virus particles can be ... The DNA is encased in the viral core. Two lateral bodies are found outside the viral core, and are believed to hold the enzymes ... The most common medication used to treat Camelpox is Cidofovir, a broad spectrum anti-viral that acts by inhibiting the viral ... The viral genetic material is contained in double stranded linear DNA consisting of 202,182 tightly packed base pairs. ...