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*  Calciseptine
Some venoms cannot induce the immune system enough on its own or the combination of two or more venoms result in a better ... Polyvalent means that it can be used for different snakebites: vipers, mambas and cobras. Large quantities of the antivenom ... The venom is first detoxified to prevent too much damage and death. This is mostly done by complexing the venom with an ... For example, cobra venom has been found to have a bioavailability of 41.7% when injected intramuscular, and for other venoms ...
*  Snake scale
Mallow D., Ludwig D., Nilson G. (2003). True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing ... by medical staff using scale diagrams so that an informed decision can be taken them as to whether and which anti-venom is to ... This rule-of-thumb cannot be used without care as it cannot be applied to vipers, which have a large number of small scales on ... Snake scales may be modified to form fringes, as in the case of the Eyelash Bush Viper, Atheris ceratophora, or rattles as in ...
*  Bothrops asper
It has also been observed to eject venom over a distance of at least 6 ft (1.8 m) in fine jets from the tips of its fangs (Mole ... Sometimes referred to as the "ultimate pit viper", these snakes are found in a wide range of lowland habitats, often near human ... In a review of bites from this species suffered by field biologists, Hardy (1994) referred to it as the "ultimate pit viper". ... Common names: fer-de-lance, terciopelo, Bothrops asper is a highly venomous pit viper species ranging from southern Mexico to ...
*  Snakebite
Venom in many snakes, such as pit vipers, affects virtually every organ system in the human body and can be a combination of ... With the species and size of target held constant, the duration of venom flow, maximum venom flow rate and total venom volume ... Venom emitted from some types of cobras, almost all vipers and some sea snakes causes necrosis of muscle tissue. Muscle tissue ... The amount of venom produced also differs among species, with the Gaboon viper able to potentially deliver from 450-600 ...
*  Lupus anticoagulant
... such as the dilute Russell's viper venom time, or the Kaolin clotting time. Excess phospholipid will eventually correct the ...
*  Dilute Russell's viper venom time
"Heterogeneity of Russell's viper venom affects the sensitivity of the dilute Russell's viper venom time to lupus anticoagulants ... This in vitro diagnostic test is based on the ability of the venom of the Russell's viper to induce thrombosis. The venom ... Dilute Russell's viper venom time (dRVVT) is a laboratory test often used for detection of lupus anticoagulant (LA).[non- ... Thiagarajan P, Pengo V, Shapiro SS (1986). "The use of the dilute Russell viper venom time for the diagnosis of lupus ...
*  Hennessey Viper Venom 1000 Twin Turbo
The Hennessey Viper Venom 1000 Twin Turbo is an upgraded version of the Dodge Viper offered for sale as a whole car or as an ... HPE claims the Venom 1000 Twin Turbo is "The fastest and most powerful limited-edition street car in the world." As tested in ... The stock 2003 Viper V10 motor puts out 500 brake horsepower (370 kW) and 525 foot pounds (712 N·m). HPE increases the output ... the Venom failed California emissions testing due to excess carbon monoxide, but is legal in the other 49 states. However, the ...
*  Russellysin
Has no action on insulin B chain This enzyme is present in the venom of Russell's viper (Vipera russelli). Furie, B.C.; Furie, ... Russellysin (EC 3.4.24.58, Russell's viper venom factor X activator, RVV-X, blood-coagulation factor X activating enzyme, ... and a protease from Russell's viper venom". J. Biol. Chem. 253: 1902-1909. PMID 632245. Takeya, H.; Nishida, S.; Miyata, T.; ... B. (1976). "Coagulant protein of Russell's viper venom". Methods Enzymol. 45: 191-205. doi:10.1016/s0076-6879(76)45019-x. PMID ...
*  Robert Gwyn Macfarlane
He examined the Venom of many different snakes and isolated the poison of the Russell's Viper to have the strongest blood ... He found that when a compound that included venom at dilutions of 1 in 100,000 was applied to a wound, bleeding diminished. ... 1934 (with B. Barnett) The haemostatic possibilities of snake venom. Lancet, ii,985 1938 The normal haemostatic mechanism and ...
*  Lisinopril
ISBN 978-0-07-176401-8. Patlak M (March 2004). "From viper's venom to drug design: treating hypertension". FASEB J. 18 (3): 421 ... is a functional and structural analog of a peptide derived from the venom of the jararaca, a Brazilian pit viper (Bothrops ... Jenny Bryan for The Pharmaceutical Journal, 17 Apr 2009 "From snake venom to ACE inhibitor-the discovery and rise of captopril ...
*  Vipera aspis
... thrombotic and proteolytic activities of viper venoms". Toxicon. 6 (3): 175-178. doi:10.1016/0041-0101(69)90117-2. PMID 5776833 ... ", "asp viper", "European asp", "aspic viper", "European viper" and "Jura viper". The term "asp" has in the past been used to ... The venom has both coagulant and anticoagulant effects. The venom may also affect glomerular structure, which can lead to death ... True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 359 pp. ISBN 0- ...
*  Captopril
BPF was later found to be a peptide in the venom of a lancehead viper (Bothrops jararaca), which was a "collected-product ... Patlak M (March 2004). "From viper's venom to drug design: treating hypertension". FASEB J. 18 (3): 421. doi:10.1096/fj.03- ... since no benefits have flowed back to the indigenous Brazilian tribe who first used pit viper venom as an arrowhead poison. A ... Bryan, Jenny (2009). "From snake venom to ACE inhibitor the discovery and rise of captopril". Pharmaceutical Journal. Retrieved ...
*  Snake venom factor V activator
... from Russell's viper venom. Identification of isoproteins RVV-Vα, -Vβ and -Vγ and their complete amino acid sequences". J. Biol ... This enzyme is present in venom of Vipera russelli. Kisiel, W.; Canfield, W. (1981). "M. Snake venom proteases that activate ... Snake venom factor V activator (EC 3.4.21.95) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Fully ... Snake venom factor V activator at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ...
*  Rod of Asclepius
Galen relates a rather peculiar healing by Asclepius involving viper's venom. The god appeared to a wealthy man in Pergamum and ... at least some were aware that snake venom that might be fatal if it entered the bloodstream could often be imbibed. Snake venom ... their venom is in their bite, and they threaten death with their fangs. There is no death in the cup.'" He also mentions an ... that a snake's venom is not harmful if imbibed, but rather only if it enters directly into a person's blood stream. For example ...
*  Mamushi
Nasu, Kaei; Ueda, Tami; Miyakawa, Isao (2004). "Intrauterine Fetal Death Caused by Pit Viper Venom Poisoning in Early Pregnancy ... The venom's lethality as measured by LD50 in mice following intraperitoneal injection is in the range 0.3 mg/kg to 1.22 mg/kg. ... The venom of this species varies very little among Japan, China, and Korea in terms of both its potency and its effects. ... The venom mostly contains haemolytic toxins, but it also has two neurotoxins-an alpha-toxin that is a post-synaptic inhibitor ...
*  Kaolin clotting time
Dilute Russell's viper venom time Partial thromboplastin time Tissue thromboplastin inhibition test Radhakrishnan, Kottayam ( ...
*  RVV
Russell Viper Venom. See Dilute Russell's viper venom time, Raad van Vlaanderen (World War I) - the council of Flanders Tour of ...
*  Molina's hog-nosed skunk
They have a resistance to pit viper venom, distinct thin white markings and a pink, hog-like, fleshy nose. The Molina's hog- ...
*  Philoctetes
Commonly tips of arrows were poisoned with a combination of fermented viper venom, blood or plasma, and feces. Even a scratch ...
*  Redi Award
He showed for the first time that the viper venom comes from the fang, not the gallbladder as it was believed; that it is not ... Redi was the first scientist to elucidate the scientific basis of snakebite and venom of the viper. ... Francesco Redi on Vipers. Leiden, the Netherlands: E.J. Brill. pp. 11-17. ISBN 9004089489. Retrieved 2013-04-18. Habermehl GG ( ... He even demonstrated the possibility of slowing down the venom action in the blood by tight ligature before the wound. This ...
*  Atropoides
However, other research revealed that of ten different Costa Rican pit viper venoms tested on mice, that of A. picadoi was the ... Unlike most vipers, members of this genus will strike and then hold on and chew. In one case, a machete was used to pry off the ... However, the effects of the venom include only transient pain and mild swelling. In one part of Honduras the locals even insist ... Common names for the species include jumping pitvipers and jumping vipers. All of these snakes are extremely thick-bodied, with ...
*  Factor V Leiden
Most laboratories screen 'at risk' patients with either a snake venom (e.g. dilute Russell's viper venom time) based test or an ... Herskovits AZ, Lemire SJ, Longtine J, Dorfman DM (November 2008). "Comparison of Russell viper venom-based and activated ...
*  Russell's viper
This test is often referred to as dilute Russell's viper venom time (dRVVT). The coagulant in the venom directly activates ... In English, common names of D. russelii include Russell's viper, chain viper, Indian Russell's viper, common Russell's viper, ... 482-485). Thiagarajan P, Pengo V, Shapiro SS (October 1986). "The use of the dilute Russell viper venom time for the diagnosis ... Master RW, Rao SS (July 1961). "Identification of enzymes and toxins in venoms of Indian cobra and Russell's viper after starch ...
*  Disintegrin
... s are a family of small proteins (45-84 amino acids in length) from viper venoms that function as potent inhibitors ... Snake venom metalloproteinases are found through the entire Colubroidea superfamily, suggesting that they evolved before ... ADAM Protein Evolution of snake venom McLane MA, Sanchez EE, Wong A, Paquette-Straub C, Perez JC (2004). "Disintegrins". Curr ... Some other proteins known to contain a disintegrin domain are: Some snake venom zinc metalloproteinases consist of an N- ...
*  Antiphospholipid syndrome
... dilute Russell's viper venom time (DRVVT), kaolin clotting time (KCT), dilute thromboplastin time (TDT/DTT), silica clotting ...
*  Euchambersia
In all, Euchambersia seems to have had a venom gland (housed in the maxillary fossae), a delivery mechanism of the venom (the ... hypothesized that the fossa may have supported a specialized sensory organ analogous to the pit organ of pit vipers and some ... considered the venom hypothesis as being more plausible. The Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone, from where Euchambersia is known, ... Mitchell, J.S.; Heckert, A.B.; Sues, H.-D. (2010). "Grooves to tubes: evolution of the venom delivery system in a Late Triassic ...
*  KGD
... an amino acid sequence that forms a Disintegrin in viper venom. ...