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*  Interleukin-17 receptor
After two rounds of whole genome duplications, these two IL17R genes expanded into five early vertebrate IL17R genes, IL17RA to ... Two (IL17RA and IL17RD) are found in most vertebrates, whereas the other three (IL17RB, ILR17RC and IL17RE) have undergone some ... losses in vertebrates during evolution. IL-17RA is the founding member of a new IL-17R(A-E) subfamily of cytokine receptors. IL ...
*  Fish physiology
The gills of vertebrates typically develop in the walls of the pharynx, along a series of gill slits opening to the exterior. ... The vertebrate ancestor no doubt had more arches, as some of their chordate relatives have more than 50 pairs of gills. Higher ... All basal vertebrates breathe with gills. The gills are carried right behind the head, bordering the posterior margins of a ... In most vertebrates, digestion is a four-stage process involving the main structures of the digestive tract, starting with ...
*  Osteichthyes
It is the largest class of vertebrates in existence today. The group Osteichthyes is divided into the ray-finned fish ( ... Based on: Kotpal R. L. (2010) Modern Text Book Of Zoology Vertebrates Archived 2016-04-22 at the Wayback Machine. Pages 193. ... Under this classification systems, the Osteichthyes are paraphyletic with regard to land vertebrates as the common ancestor of ... Laurin, Michel (2 November 2010). How Vertebrates Left the Water. University of California Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-520-94798-6 ...
*  Fish anatomy
Fish are vertebrates. All vertebrates are built along the basic chordate body plan: a stiff rod running through the length of ... "Vertebrates: More on Morphology". UCMP. Retrieved 13 July 2011. Romer, A.S. (1949): The Vertebrate Body. W.B. Saunders, ... and so also are vertebrates in a monophyletic sense. Others consider them a sister group of vertebrates in the common taxon of ... yet it shares the same basic vertebrate body plan from which all vertebrates have evolved: a notochord, rudimentary vertebrae, ...
*  Vertebrate
Vertebrates include the jawless fish and the jawed vertebrates, which include the cartilaginous fish (sharks, rays, and ratfish ... "Vertebrates: More on Morphology". UCMP. Retrieved 13 July 2011. Romer, A.S. (1949): The Vertebrate Body. W.B. Saunders, ... All of these early vertebrates lacked jaws in the common sense and relied on filter feeding close to the seabed. A vertebrate ... Others consider them a sister group of vertebrates in the common taxon of craniata. The word origin of vertebrate derives from ...
*  Variable lymphocyte receptor
... family and mediate adaptive immune responses in the jawless vertebrates, lampreys and hagfish. Boehm, T., McCurley, N., Sutoh, ...
*  Hox genes in amphibians and reptiles
The potential for evolutionary alterations in Hox cluster composition is viewed to be small among vertebrates. On the other ... In particular, the distance between HoxD13 and HoxD11 is longer in newt than orthologous regions from vertebrate species with ... Salamander Hox genomic regions show elements of conservation and variety in comparison to other vertebrate species. Whereas the ... doi:10.1016/0092-8674(88)90246-2. Eichele, G (1989). "Retinoids and vertebrate limb pattern formation". Trends in Genetics. 5: ...
*  Queensland lungfish
"Part 7- Vertebrates". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016. Haaramo, Mikko (2007 ... Fossil records of this group date back 380 million years, around the time when the higher vertebrate classes were beginning to ... making it a living fossil and one of the oldest living vertebrate genera on the planet. It is one of six extant representatives ... and a high nuclear DNA content relative to other vertebrates, but less than what is reported for other lungfishes. In spite of ...
*  The Life of Vertebrates
... Oxford : Clarendon. My Book Of A Lifetime: The Life of Vertebrates by J. Z. Young. Reviewed by Colin ... The Life of Vertebrates is a noted biology textbook by John Zachary Young. The book grew out of the author's attempt to define ... It combined an account of the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, palaeontology, and ecology of all vertebrates and ... what is meant by the life of vertebrates and by the evolution of that life. ...
*  Evolution of the Vertebrates
In the book vertebrate evolution is studied utilizing comparative anatomy & functional morphology of existing vertebrates, and ... Evolution of the Vertebrates, subtitled "A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time" is a basic paleontology textbook by ... Edwin H. Colbert, (1969), Evolution of the Vertebrates, John Wiley & Sons (2nd ed.) Edwin H. Colbert, Michael Morales, Eli C. ... The first and second editions (1955 and 1969) provide an overview of the entire range of vertebrate evolution, and are ...
*  Adaptive immunity in jawless vertebrates
The jawless vertebrates like lamprey and hagfish have an adaptive immunity which is very similar to the one of the jawed ... Kasamatsu, J. (2013). Evolution of innate and adaptive immune systems in jawless vertebrates. Microbiology and immunology 57, 1 ... 2010). Evolution of adaptive immune recognition in jawless vertebrates. Seminars in immunology 22, 25-33.. ... vertebrates. There is an T-/B-Cell like lymphocyte lineage. Therefore these cells are called lymphocyte like cells (LLC). They ...
*  Limbless vertebrate
Many vertebrates have evolved limbless or limb-reduced forms. Reptiles have on a number of occasions evolved into limbless ... but simply retained the form that vertebrates had before they evolved limbs.[citation needed] There are no known limbless ...
*  Marine vertebrate
Marine vertebrates are vertebrates which live in a marine environment. These primarily include fish, seabirds, marine reptiles ... Eernisse California State University, Fullerton Template:Vertebrate-stub. ...
*  Vertebrate zoology
... is the biological discipline that consists of the study of Vertebrate animals, i.e., animals with a backbone ...
*  Taxonomy of the vertebrates (Young, 1962)
The taxonomy of the vertebrates presented by John Zachary Young in The Life of Vertebrates (1962) is a system of classification ... The life of vertebrates. 2nd. ed. New York, Oxford University Press. Disponible at BHL.. ...
*  Vertebrate Paleontology (Romer)
Vertebrate Paleontology is an advanced textbook on vertebrate paleontology by Alfred Sherwood Romer, published by the ... The 1987 book Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution by Robert L. Carroll is largely based on Romer's book. The book provides a ... The Vertebrate Body. 5th ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. (6th ed. 1985) Ryan, M.J. "Died This Day: Alfred Sherwood Romer, Dec. 28, ... Romer, A.S. (1966): Vertebrate Paleontology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago; 3rd edition ISBN 0-7167-1822-7 Smith, C.H. ( ...
*  Carpus and tarsus of land vertebrates
Some early land vertebrates had more than one (up to three) os centrale per hand or foot (plural "(ossa) centralia"). Distals, ... The carpus (wrist) and tarsus (ankle) of land vertebrates primitively had three rows of carpal or tarsal bones. Often some of ...
*  Vertebrate Palaeontology (Benton)
Vertebrate Palaeontology is a basic textbook on vertebrate paleontology by Michael J. Benton, published by Blackwell's. It has ... The book gives an overall account of every major group of living and fossil vertebrate. At the rear of the book is a ... his expertise in a range of problems of vertebrate paleontology is amazing. As a result the contents of his book [are] very ... Dzik, J. (2005). "Vertebrate Palaeontology (3rd ed.), by Michael J. Benton" (PDF). Journal of Sedimentary Research. Retrieved ...
*  Vertebrate land invasion
The late Devonian vertebrate transition was not the only terrestrial invasion in evolutionary history. The vertebrate ... The vertebrate species that were important to the initial water to land transition can be qualified as being one of five groups ... ISBN 978-0-253-35675-8. Ashley-Ross, M. A.; Hsieh, S. T.; Gibb, A. C.; Blob, R. W. (9 May 2013). "Vertebrate Land Invasions- ... It took many millions of years for vertebrates to transition out of water onto land. During this time, both the competitive ...
*  Vertebrate mitochondrial code
The vertebrate mitochondrial code is the genetic code found in the mitochondria of all vertebrata. AGA and AGG were thought to ... Mitochondrial genes in some vertebrates (including humans) have incomplete stop codons ending in U or UA, which become complete ... have become mitochondrial stop codons early in vertebrate evolution. However, at least in humans it has now been shown that AGA ...
*  Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
... is an advanced textbook on vertebrate paleontology by Robert L. Carroll, published in ... Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution appeared in print in 1988, just before the cladistic taxonomy became popular in ... It provides a very detailed technical account of various groups of living and fossil vertebrates. The book, which is written in ... Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. WH Freeman and Company, New York ISBN 0-7167-1822-7. ...
*  Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
The Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) was founded in the US in 1940 for people with an interest in vertebrate ... The Bibliography of Fossil Vertebrates is an index for publications on all subjects related to vertebrate paleontology. ... JVP contains original contributions on all aspects of the vertebrate paleontology; including vertebrate origins, evolution, ... and taxonomy of vertebrate animals, as well as field occurrence, collection, and study of fossil vertebrates and the ...
*  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
The Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (JVP) was founded in 1980 at the University of Oklahoma by Dr. Jiri Zidek. It is a ... scientific journal that publishes original contributions on all aspects of the vertebrate paleontology, including vertebrate ...
*  Museum of Vertebrate Zoology
Museusm of Vertebrate Zoology - Collections. Science Today, radio program of University of California. Museum of Vertebrate ... The museum became a center of authority for the study of vertebrate biology and evolution on the West Coast, comparable to ... Coordinates: 37°52′16″N 122°15′43″W / 37.87111°N 122.26194°W / 37.87111; -122.26194 The Museum of Vertebrate Zoology is a ...
*  Vertebrate and Genome Annotation Project
Upon clicking any one of the vertebrates, a page will pop up showing a table of Statistics for that genome, as well as a chart ... The Vertebrate Genome Annotation (VEGA) database was first made public in 2004 by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. It was ... The human and vertebrate analysis and annotation (Havana) team at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute (WTSI) manually annotate ... The Vertebrate Genome Annotation (VEGA) database is a biological database dedicated to assisting researchers in locating ...