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*  Congenital heart defect
This risk is higher in left ventricular outflow tract obstructions, heterotaxy, and atrioventricular septal defects. Congenital ... It is also involved in the development of the ventricular wall and the connection of the outflow tract to the great vessels. ... is designed to treat congenital heart disease patients with a dysfunctional conduit in their right ventricular outflow tract ( ... Ventricular septal defects are collectively the most common type of CHD, although approximately 30% of adults have a type of ...
*  Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
ECHO assesses cardiac ventricular size, wall thickness, systolic and diastolic function, and outflow obstruction. Thus, ECHO ... Surgical septal myectomy uniformly decreases left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and improves symptoms, and in ... Although the dual-chamber pacemaker has shown to decrease ventricular outflow tract obstruction, experimental trials have found ... Depending on whether the distortion of normal heart anatomy causes an obstruction of the outflow of blood from the left ...
*  Pulmonary valve stenosis
Valvular pulmonic stenosis accounts for 80% of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. While the most common cause of ... Once the obstruction is subdued, it (the left ventricle) can return to normal. Play media The diagnosis of pulmonary valve ... Pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS) is a heart valve disorder in which outflow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart is ... The left ventricle can be changed physically, these changes are a direct result of right ventricular hypertrophy. ...
*  Ventricular outflow tract obstruction
A ventricular outflow tract obstruction is one type of congenital heart defect in which either the right or left ventricular ... These obstructions represent a spectrum of disorders. A right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) may be due to a ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Gaynor JW, Elliott MJ (1993). "Congenital left ventricular outflow tract obstruction ... Pulmonary valve stenosis Hypoplastic right heart syndrome Tetralogy of Fallot A left ventricular outflow tract obstruction ( ...
*  Apicoaortic Conduit
Apical left ventricular abdominal aortic composite conduits for left ventricular outflow obstructions. In: Cohn LH. Modern ... Cooley DA, Norman JC, Apical Left Ventricular-Abdominal Aortic Composite Conduits For Left Ventricular Outflow Obstructions. ... Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is caused by narrowing of the aortic valve (aortic stenosis) and other valve ... The procedure was also developed in the late 1970s as a way to treat complex left ventricular outflow tract obstructions (LVOTO ...
*  Rastelli procedure
... and Ventricular septal defect (VSD); and Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO): pulmonary atresia; or pulmonary ... Rastelli in 1967 at the Mayo Clinic and involves using a pulmonary or aortic homograft conduit to relieve pulmonary obstruction ...
*  Valsalva maneuver
... namely those of dynamic subvalvular left ventricular outflow obstruction. At the same time, the Valsalva maneuver (phase II) ...
*  List of dog diseases
Pulmonic stenosis* is a congenital heart disease in dogs characterized by right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Most ... is a congenital disease in dogs characterized by left ventricular outflow tract obstruction by a discrete ring or tunnel of ... Doberman Pinschers more commonly have ventricular arrhythmias (e.g., premature ventricular complexes; ventricular tachycardia) ... a ventricular septal defect, right ventricular hypertrophy, and an overriding aorta. Keeshonds and Bulldogs are predisposed. ...
*  Jatene procedure
... and the pulmonary root is inspected for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). If a ventricular septal defect (VSD ... VSD patient also has left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. The world's smallest infant to survive an arterial switch was ... and shunt construction may be used to increase the left ventricular mass sufficiently to make an arterial switch possible later ... which does not grow with the recipient and eventually causes obstruction. In 1966, American surgeons William Rashkind and ...
*  William F. Bernhard
"Relief of Congenital obstruction to left ventricular outflow with ventricular-aortic prothesis". Journal of Thoracic and ... In 1987, after ten years of continued work, Bernhard went on to work to develop a left ventricular heart pump, manufactured by ... 1978 he announced that two people had survived for several days with the left ventricular heart assist device Ventricular ... see Ventricular Assist Device) manufactured while working with a group of scientists from Thermedics, Inc. of Woburn, MA. ...
*  Tetralogy of Fallot
Primarily, the degree of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction varies between patients and generally determines clinical ... Right ventricular hypertrophy develops progressively from resistance to blood flow through the right ventricular outflow tract ... is a severe variant in which there is complete obstruction (atresia) of the right ventricular outflow tract, causing an absence ... The open-heart surgery is designed to relieve the right ventricular outflow tract stenosis by careful resection of muscle and ...
*  Barry A. Love
Membranous septal aneurysm causing right ventricular outflow tract obstruction" Clin Cardiol. 2009 Dec;32(12):E87. No abstract ... Staged repair of tetralogy of Fallot and diminutive pulmonary arteries with a fenestrated ventricular septal defect patch. J ... Thorac Perventricular device closure of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect on the beating heart. Cardiovasc ... Transcatheter closure of recurrent postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect facilitated by percutaneous left ...
*  Lercanidipine
... and in patients with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. It is also contraindicated during pregnancy and in women who ...
*  Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
Mid-ventricular obstruction, apical stunning: It has been suggested that a mid-ventricular wall thickening with outflow ... For people with cardiogenic shock, medical treatment is based on whether a left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is ... Stress cardiomyopathy is now a well-recognized cause of acute heart failure, lethal ventricular arrhythmias, and ventricular ... mid-ventricular type for mid-ventricular ballooning accompanied by basal and apical hyperkinesia, and localised type for any ...
*  Hybrid cardiac surgery
... bare metal stenting and percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation for treatment of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction ...
*  Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries
On the rare occasion (when there is a large VSD with no significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction), initial ... Differences in the shape of the atrial septum and/or ventricular outflow tracts affect the relative positions of the aorta and ... ventricular septal defect (VSD), and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Stenosis of valves or vessels may also be present. When no ...
*  Overriding aorta
The other three findings are right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction (most often subpulmonary stenosis), right ... An overriding aorta is a congenital heart defect where the aorta is positioned directly over a ventricular septal defect (VSD ... ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), and ventricular septal defect (VSD).. ...
*  Haploinsufficiency
... the obstruction in the left ventricular outflow of blood in the heart. These include: Some cancers 22q11.2 deletion syndrome ...
*  Pulsus paradoxus
... right ventricular inflow or outflow obstruction, e.g. superior vena cava obstruction and pulmonary embolism, and decreased ... However, in situations where the left ventricular pressure remains higher than the pericardial sac (most frequently from ... which stimulates sympathetic outflow to the heart. Under normal physiologic conditions the large pressure gradient between the ... where a decrease in Left Ventricular (LV) filling corresponds to an increasingly reduced stroke volume. In other words, with ...
*  Levosimendan
... severe ventricular filling or outflow obstruction, very low blood pressure and fast heart rate, and/or history of the abnormal ... ventricular tachycardia), myocardial ischaemia, hypokalaemia and/or nausea (Rossi, 2006). Levosimendan is marketed as a 2.5 mg/ ...
*  Ventricular hypertrophy
... degree of outflow tract obstruction, and systolic anterior wall motion (SAM) of the mitral valve, which can exacerbate outflow ... Before progression to a dilated phenotype, mechanical obstruction of the outflow tract can occur, leading to reduced cardiac ... Ventricular hypertrophy (VH) is thickening of the walls of a ventricle (lower chamber) of the heart. Although left ventricular ... Electrical abnormalities are commonly found in individuals with LVH, both ventricular and super-ventricular tachycardia. ...
*  Heart murmur
... since outflow obstruction is increased by decreasing preload. Alternatively, squatting increases systemic vascular resistance, ... split S2 and a right ventricular heave. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) will present as a holosystolic (pansystolic) murmur at ... Harsh holosystolic (pansystolic) murmur at the left lower sternal border Classic for a ventricular septal defect. It is in ... Valsalva maneuver in mitral regurgitation associated with mitral valve prolapse will decrease left ventricular preload and move ...
*  Pressure overload
... outflow obstruction. Any obstruction to the outflow of one of the chambers of the heart can lead to pressure overload. Aortic ... while a right ventricular heave suggests right ventricular pressure overload. Other signs provide evidence for specific causes ... "Left Heart Volume and Mass Quantification in Children with Left Ventricular Pressure Overload". Circulation. 41: 203-12. doi: ... Hypertension Coarctation of the aorta Pulmonary stenosis Pulmonary hypertension A forceful apex beat indicates left ventricular ...
*  Intraparenchymal hemorrhage
... venous outflow obstruction (e.g. cerebral venous sinus thrombosis). Nonpenetrating and penetrating cranial trauma can also be ... This hemorrhage rarely extends into the ventricular system. Nontraumatic intraparenchymal hemorrhage most commonly results from ...
*  Shock (circulatory)
... outflow tract Hypertrophic sub-aortic stenosis is overly thick ventricular muscle dynamically occludes the ventricular outflow ... Obstructive shock is due to obstruction of blood flow outside of the heart. Several conditions can result in this form of shock ... Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) Ventricular assist device (VAD) Artificial heart (TAH) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ( ... Aortic stenosis hinders circulation by obstructing the ventricular ...
*  Hydrocephalus
Obstruction to CSF flow hinders the free passage of cerebrospinal fluid through the ventricular system and subarachnoid space ( ... Hydrocephalus is usually due to blockage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow in the ventricles or in the subarachnoid space ... Foramen of Monro obstruction may lead to dilation of one or, if large enough (e.g., in colloid cyst), both lateral ventricles. ... Fourth ventricle obstruction will lead to dilatation of the aqueduct as well as the lateral and third ventricles (e.g., Chiari ...