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*  Intravascular volume status
... an elevated Jugular venous pressure (JVP) For the clinical assessment of Intravascular Blood Volume, the BVA-100, a semi- ... due to a drop in cerebral blood pressure) orthostatic increase in pulse rate cool extremities (e.g. cool fingers) Signs of ... "A comparison of Pulse Pressure and Blood Colume Measurement" (PDF). Society of Critical Care Medicine. "A Study Evaluating ...
*  Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency
Iron deposition as a cause of MS received support when a relationship between venous pressure and iron depositions in MS ... Most of the venous problems in MS patients have been reported to be truncular venous malformations, including azygous stenosis ... MS is also more common in women, while venous diseases are more common in men. Venous pathology is commonly associated with ... A similar condition involving the head and neck venous system may cause chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) and ...
*  Portal hypertensive gastropathy
... findings that correlate with worsening portal hypertensive gastropathy include an increased portal venous pressure gradient and ... Non-selective beta blockers (such as propranolol and nadolol) have been used to decrease the pressure of the portal vein in ... The first is the use of beta-blockers, which reduce portal pressures. ... or TIPS involve decompressing the portal vein by shunting a portal venule to a lower pressure systemic venule, under guidance ...
*  Portal venous pressure
... is the blood pressure in the hepatic portal vein, and is normally between 5-10 mmHg. Raised portal ... HVPG is a clinical measurement of the pressure gradient between the WHVP and the free hepatic venous pressures, and thus is an ... WHVP is used to estimate the portal venous pressure by reflecting not the actual hepatic portal vein pressure but the hepatic ... Kumar, A.; Sharma, P.; Sarin, S. K. (2008). "Hepatic venous pressure gradient measurement: Time to learn!". Indian Journal of ...
*  Central venous pressure
... Monitoring Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts Central Venous Pressure and Pulmonary Capillary Wedge ... Central venous pressure (CVP) is the blood pressure in the venae cavae, near the right atrium of the heart. CVP reflects the ... Deep inhalation Distributive shock Hypovolemia Jugular venous pressure Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure "Central Venous ... Venous function and central venous pressure: a physiologic story - a technical discussion of the more modern understanding of ...
*  Jugular venous pressure
The jugular venous pressure (JVP, sometimes referred to as jugular venous pulse) is the indirectly observed pressure over the ... The " v " wave corresponds to Venous filling when the tricuspid valve is closed and venous pressure increases from venous ... A 1996 systematic review concluded that a high jugular venous pressure makes a high central venous pressure more likely, but ... pericarditis Pericardial tamponade An important use of the jugular venous pressure is to assess the central venous pressure in ...
*  Atrium (heart)
... a venous pulsation is normal and can be detected in the jugular vein as the jugular venous pressure. Internally, there are the ... These are low-pressure baroreceptors in the atria, which send signals to the hypothalamus when a drop in atrial pressure (which ... "Jugular Venous Pressure. JVP information; Cannon wave". Applefeld, Mark M. (1 January 1990). Walker, H. Kenneth; Hall, W. ... to be able to accept venous flow without interruption. By preventing the inertia of interrupted venous flow that would ...
*  Charles D. Phelps
Measurement of episcleral venous pressure. Am J Ophthalmol 1978;85(1):35-42. Hayreh SS, March W, Phelps CD. Ocular hypotony ...
*  José L. Duomarco
XXVI, p. 1. Venous pressure of man in space. J.L. Duomarco; R. Rimini; Aerospace Medicine, Vol. 41 No. 2, February 1970. One of ... When already a renowned investigator, enthusiastic on space travel, Duomarco published in 1970 his last paper: "Venous Pressure ... Conclusively, this book is an outstanding contribution to the rational knowledge of venous pressure physiology and ... Intra esophageal pressure and the local differences in pleural pressure. J.L. Duomarco; R. Rimini; J.P. Migliaro; Acta ...
*  Compliance (physiology)
"Venous Function and Central Venous Pressure". Anesthesiology. 108 (4): 735-48. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181672607. PMID 18362606 ... The tendency of the arteries and veins to stretch in response to pressure has a large effect on perfusion and blood pressure. ... Pressure stockings are sometimes used to externally reduce compliance, and thus keep blood from pooling in the legs. ... Venous compliance is approximately 30 times larger than arterial compliance. Compliance is calculated using the following ...
*  Abdominojugular test
AJR is a test for measuring jugular venous pressure (JVP) through the distention of the internal jugular vein. A positive AJR ... On an otherwise healthy individual, the jugular venous pressure remains constant or temporarily rises for a heartbeat or two, ... Does this patient have abnormal central venous pressure?". JAMA. 275 (8): 630-4. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03530320054034. PMID ... or over the center of the abdomen for 10 seconds with a pressure of 20 to 35 mm Hg while observing the swelling of the internal ...
*  British Columbia Ambulance Service
... class of skills that are not included in the standard ACP skill-set are Venous Pressure Monitoring, Arterial & Central Line ... Venous pressure monitoring, Arterial & Central Line Monitoring, Chest Tube Management, transthoracic pacing, Blood Product ... arterial line management and central venous pressure monitoring; infusion of blood products; point of care testing using ... capillary, venous or arterial sampling; collect arterial and venous blood samples; interpret laboratory and radiologic data; ...
*  Leonard Hill (physiologist)
Hill, L.; Barnard, H.; Sequeira, J. H. (1897). "The Effect of Venous Pressure on the Pulse". The Journal of Physiology. 21 (2-3 ... Hill's work on blood pressure led him to believe "the arterial pressure can be taken in man as rapidly, simply, and accurately ...
*  Flammer syndrome
Fang, L; Baertschi, M; Mozaffarieh, M (Oct 2014). "The effect of Flammer syndrome on retinal venous pressure". BMC Ophthalmol. ... elevated retinal venous pressure, optic nerve compartmentalization and fluctuating diffuse visual field defects. The ... "The effect of flammer-syndrome on venous retinal pressure". BMC Ophthalmology. 14: 121. doi:10.1186/1471-2415-14-121. Wojcik- ... If blood pressure is very low, the salt intake should be increased. Drugs that can lead to vasoconstriction should be avoided. ...
*  Umbilical vein
It also provides a route for measuring central venous pressure. Model of human embryo 1.3 mm. long. Scheme of placental ... Under extreme pressure, the round ligament may reopen to allow the passage of blood. Such recanalization may be evident in ... The blood pressure inside the umbilical vein is approximately 20 mmHg. The unpaired umbilical vein carries oxygen and nutrient ... In portal hypertension, the vessels surrounding the liver are subjected to abnormally high blood pressure-so high, in fact, ...
*  Portal hypertension
... is defined as a hepatic venous pressure gradient. Cirrhosis (a form of chronic liver failure) is the most ... The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement has been accepted as the gold standard for assessing the severity of ... Selective shunts select non-intestinal flow to be shunted to the systemic venous drainage while leaving the intestinal venous ... Portal hypertension is hypertension (high blood pressure) in the hepatic portal system - made up of the portal vein and its ...
*  George E. Burch
G.E. Burch, A Primer of Venous Pressure, Lea & Febiger publ. 1950. Second printing Charles C. Thomas 1972. G.E. Burch, J.A. ... G.E. Burch and N. DePasquale, A Primer of Clinical Measurement of Blood Pressure, C.V. Mosby publ., 1962. G.E. Burch and N. ... For example, his invention of the phlebomanometer provided a tool to measure blood flow in the venous portion of the ... He is also credited with the invention of the phlebomanometer, an instrument for measuring pressure in small veins. He ...
*  Internal jugular vein
Such a line may be inserted for several reasons, such as to accurately measure the central venous pressure or to administer ... The pulsation seen is called the jugular venous pressure, or JVP. This is normally viewed with the patient at 45 degrees ... As the internal jugular is large, central and relatively superficial, it is often used to place central venous lines. ... Denys, B. G.; Uretsky, B. F. (1991-12-01). "Anatomical variations of internal jugular vein location: impact on central venous ...
*  High-altitude cerebral edema
Elevated intracranial pressure is generally accepted to be a late effect of HACE. High central venous pressure may also occur ... Retinal venous dilation occurs in 59% of people with HACE. Rarer symptoms include brisk deep tendon reflexes, retinal ... If a lumbar puncture is performed, it will show normal cerebral spinal fluid and cell counts but an increase in pressure. In ... The leaking may be caused by increased pressure, or it may be caused by inflammation that makes the endothelium vulnerable to ...
*  Cardiac examination
The level of the jugular venous pressure (JVP) should only be commented on in this position as flatter or steeper angles lead ... Inspect the neck for increased jugular venous pressure (JVP)or abnormal waves. Any abnormal movements such as head bobbing. ... The pulses may be: Bounding as in large pulse pressure found in aortic regurgitation or CO2 retention. And the rhythm should be ... To complete the exam blood pressure should be checked, an ECG recorded, funduscopy performed to assess for Roth spots or ...
*  Posterior triangle of the neck
It is also the site of clinical examination of Jugular venous pressure. The right atrial pressure is reflected in it because ... therefore used to examine Jugular Venous Pressure. As external jugular vein pierces the fascia, the margins of the vein get ... So if the vein gets cut, it cannot close and air is sucked in due to negative intrathoracic pressure causes air embolism. To ...
*  Sepsis
... central venous pressure and central venous oxygen saturation should be measured. Lactate should be re-measured if the initial ... In cases of severe sepsis and septic shock where a central venous catheter is used to measure blood pressures dynamically, ... After six hours the blood pressure should be adequate, close monitoring of blood pressure and blood supply to organs should be ... Once these goals are met, the central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2), i.e., the oxygen saturation of venous blood as it ...
*  Jugular vein
The jugular venous pressure is an indirectly observed pressure over the venous system. It can be useful in the differentiation ... The increase in venous pressure after the y minimum occurs as venous return continues in the face of reduced ventricular ... It provides venous drainage for the contents of the skull. The external jugular vein runs superficially to sternocleidomastoid ... The c peak reflects the pressure rise in the right ventricle early during systole and the resultant bulging of the tricuspid ...
*  Heart murmur
Prominent v and c waves may be seen in the JVP (jugular venous pressure). The murmur will increase with inspiration. ... Other findings of this murmur is radio-femoral delay, and different blood pressures in the upper and lower extremities. Harsh ... Other examination findings may include widened pulse pressures and bounding pulses. Systolic murmur loudest below the left ... Inhalation leads to an increase in intrathoracic negative pressure, which increases the capacity of pulmonary circulation, ...
*  Intravenous therapy
Caregivers can also measure central venous pressure and other physiological variables through the line. It is commonly believed ... In cases of shock, a central venous catheter, a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC), venous cutdown or intraosseous ... with a syringe at higher pressures) or infusions (typically using only the pressure supplied by gravity). Intravenous infusions ... A port (often referred to by brand names such as Port-a-Cath or MediPort) is a central venous line that does not have an ...
*  Cushing's syndrome
Signs and symptoms may include high blood pressure, abdominal obesity but with thin arms and legs, reddish stretch marks, a ... Occasionally, determining the ACTH levels in various veins in the body by venous catheterization, working towards the pituitary ... Other signs include increased urination (and accompanying increased thirst), persistent high blood pressure (due to cortisol's ...
*  Zones of the lung
... mean pulmonary venous pressure is ~5 mmHg. Local venous pressure falls to -5 at the apexes and rises to +15 mmHg at the bases, ... Permutt S, Bromberger-Barnea B, Bane HN (1962). "Alveolar Pressure, Pulmonary Venous Pressure, and the Vascular Waterfall". Med ... Pulmonary blood pressure is typically in the range 25-10 mmHg with a mean pressure of 15 mmHg. Regional arterial blood pressure ... Alveolar pressure (PA) at end expiration is equal to atmospheric pressure (0 cm H20 differential pressure, at zero flow), plus ...