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*  Spinal cord injury
It results from an overreaction of the system to a stimulus such as pain below the level of injury, because inhibitory signals ... SCI may occur in intervertebral disc disease, and spinal cord vascular disease. Spontaneous bleeding can occur within or ... this can coexist with or cause injury to the spinal cord, but each injury can occur without the other. Spinal cord injury ... Injuries can be cervical 1-8 (C1-C8), thoracic 1-12 (T1-T12), lumbar 1-5 (L1-L5), or sacral (S1-S5). A person's level of injury ...
*  Complications of traumatic brain injury
Any damage to the head or brain usually results in some damage to the vascular system, which provides blood to the cells of the ... Neurostorms occur when the patient's Autonomic Nervous System (ANS), Central Nervous System (CNS), Sympathetic Nervous System ( ... "Traumatic brain injury Complications - Mayo Clinic". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2017-01-31. "Brain Injury: Complications and ... Different behavioral problems are characteristic of the location of injury; for instance, frontal lobe injuries often result in ...
*  Machine perfusion
Injury to nuclear DNA. Mechanical injury to the vascular system of the kidney during hypothermic perfusion. Post reimplantation ... After Cohen found vascular injury with intra renal bleeding after 3 days of perfusion storage, a technique of slow ... This had the effect of increasing the speed of cooling of the kidney and removed red cells from the vascular system. Kiser used ... The rate of cooling of a tissue may also be significant in the production of injury to enzyme systems. Francavilla showed that ...
*  Epigenetics of diabetes Type 2
Patients suffer edema, aneurysms, and injuries that cannot heal properly because the vascular system is unable to respond ... The most common vascular complication in patients with Type 2 Diabetes is retinopathy which causes many patients to go blind. ... Epigenetics may play a role in a wide array of vascular complications and in diabetes. The epigenetic variations involved with ... Studies in monocytes, white blood cells that travel along vascular surfaces, showed that H3K9/14Ac and HATs CBP/p300, H3R17me ...
*  Vegetarian/vegan dog diet
The Vascular System. 33 (2): 137-141. doi:10.1016/S0306-3623(98)00284-5. Kanakubo, K.; Fascetti, A.J.; Larsen, J.A. (2015). " ... "Taurine and calcium interaction in protection of myocardium exposed to ischemic reperfusion injury". General Pharmacology: ... It is integral to the health and function of the nervous system, key in hematopoiesis, as well as required to synthesize ...
*  Tourniquet
... medicine Tourniquet test Hair tourniquet Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the appendicular musculoskeletal system Vascular ... Modern tourniquet systems based on Dr. McEwen's invention have self-checks and self-calibration to ensure that the systems are ... Most modern tourniquet systems utilize low-pressure gas provided by pumps, while a few systems use high-pressure gas sources. ... Ischemic injuries can also result from prolonged tourniquet time periods. The majority of such injuries may be transient, and ...
*  Strangulation (domestic violence)
... digestive tract injuries, vascular injuries, neurological system injuries and orthopedic injuries. Clinical symptoms of these ... Victims may have internal injuries, such as laryngo-tracheal injuries, ... Strangulation can produce minor injuries, serious bodily injury, and death. Evidence of the assault can be difficult to detect ... Some visible signs of strangulation a victim should look for are injuries to their face, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, chin, neck, ...
*  Maternal effect
... and vascular system. Inflammation is an important aspect of the bodies' natural defense system after injury, trauma, or disease ... These cues allow the moth to allocate energy differentially, decreasing energy allocated for the immune system and devoting ... and thus had a weaker immune system, than moths who reproduced in food rich environments. This is believed to be adaptive ... caused by histone modifications in the cells of skeletal muscle that decrease the effectiveness of the glucose transport system ...
*  Endoglin
... vascular injury and during embryogenesis. The expression of the vascular system begins at about 4 weeks and continues after ... Endoglin has a role in the development of the cardiovascular system and in vascular remodeling. Its expression is regulated ... immune system evasion, and their ECM composition, allowing them to become malignant. It has been shown that endoglin expression ... high expression vascular smooth muscle cells and in kidney and liver tissues undergoing fibrosis. The glycoprotein consists of ...
*  Sports injury
... is brain injuries. When injured the two main systems affected are the nervous and vascular systems. The origins in the body ... in the bone Head injury - concussions or serious brain damage Spinal cord injury - damage to the central nervous system or ... and past injuries. If injuries have occurred in the past, the season analysis reviews the injury and looks for patterns to see ... Herring, Stanley A.; Akuthota, Venu (2009). Nerve and Vascular Injuries in Sports Medicine. London; New York: Springer. ISBN ...
*  Hypothalamic disease
... abnormal blood supply to the posterior pituitary gland caused by vascular impairment of the inferior hypophyseal artery system ... tumour or other physical injury to the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is the control center for several endocrine functions. ... Endocrine systems controlled by the hypothalamus are regulated by anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), corticotropin-releasing hormone ... Damage to the hypothalamus may impact any of these hormones and the related endocrine systems. Many of these hypothalamic ...
*  Thromboxane receptor
... resistant to the vascular damage caused by balloon catheter-induced injury of the external carotid artery; e) less likely to ... "Nitric oxide signaling and the cross talk with prostanoids pathways in vascular system". Medicinal Chemistry (Shariqah (United ... However, TP functions are not uniformly injurious to the cardiovascular system: TP receptor-depleted mice show an increase in ... Animal model studies indicate that TP receptor activation contracts vascular smooth muscle cells and acts on cardiac tissues to ...
*  Adrenomedullin
Differences in opinion regarding the ability of AM to relax vascular tone may arise from the differences in the model system ... and increasing the tolerance of cells to oxidative stress and hypoxic injury. AM is seen as a positive influence in diseases ...
*  Innate immune system
Some products of the coagulation system can contribute to the non-specific defenses by their ability to increase vascular ... When host cells die, either by programmed cell death (also called apoptosis) or by cell injury due to a bacterial or viral ... The innate immune system, also known as the non-specific immune system or in-born immunity system, is an important subsystem of ... unlike the adaptive immune system, the system does not provide long-lasting immunity to the host. Innate immune systems provide ...
*  Groin
In a venography procedure, the groin is the preferred site for incisions to enter a catheter into the vascular system. The ... A pulled groin muscle usually refers to a painful injury sustained by straining the hip adductor muscles. These hip adductor ... In a venography procedure, the groin is the preferred site for incisions to enter a catheter into the vascular system. Loin ... In the groin, underneath the skin, there are three to five deep inguinal lymph nodes that play a role in the immune system. ...
*  Vascular surgery
... the major American professional society Ischemia-repurfusion injuries of the appendicular musculoskeletal system Hooi JD; ... The vascular surgeon is trained in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except ... Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic ... VascularWeb: New Vascular Surgery Training Paradigms Society for Vascular Surgery (U.S.) International Society for Vascular ...
*  Grain facility occupational exposure
Exposure to fumigants can cause central nervous system damage, heart and vascular disease, and lung edema as well as cancer [10 ... "Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2012". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Center for ... As it was mentioned in the '''exposed systems and populations'' more than 70% of entrapments have occurred on small or family ... Design and properly locate dust collection systems to minimize explosion hazards. All filter collectors installed after March ...
*  Distributive shock
Neurogenic shock is caused by the loss of vascular tone normally supported by the sympathetic nervous system due to injury to ... the central nervous system especially spinal cord injury. Rupture of a hollow organ, with subsequent evacuation of contents in ... Control of inflammation, vascular function and coagulation to correct pathological differences in blood flow and microvascular ... Class V: widespread hyperdynamic flow in the microcirculatory system. The main goals of treatment in distributive shock are to ...
*  Vascular endothelial growth factor
VEGF-A and the corresponding receptors are rapidly up-regulated after traumatic injury of the central nervous system (CNS). ... Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), originally known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a signal protein produced ... Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Proteopedia Vascular ... Vascular endothelial growth factor-C can stimulate lymphangiogenesis (via VEGFR3) and angiogenesis via VEGFR2. Vascular ...
*  Calcitonin gene-related peptide
In the trigeminal vascular system, the cell bodies on the trigeminal ganglion are the main source of CGRP. CGRP is thought to ... "Expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide in ventral and dorosal horns of the spinal cord after brachial plexus injury". J ... Activation of primary sensory neurons in the trigeminal vascular system in humans can cause the release of CGRP. During some ... vascular fibrosis and vascular inflammation attributable to a pro-oxidant milieu. Preclinical evidence suggests that, during a ...
*  Intraventricular hemorrhage
While this bleeding can result in further injury, it is itself a marker for injury that has already occurred. Most ... Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), also known as intraventricular bleeding, is a bleeding into the brain's ventricular system, ... vascular malformations, or tumors, particularly of the choroid plexus. However 70% of IVH are secondary in nature, resulting ... Grades III and IV are the most serious and may result in long-term brain injury to the infant. After a grade III or IV IVH, ...
*  Thomas Lewis (cardiologist)
He was awarded the Royal Society's Royal Medal in 1927 "for his researches on the vascular system, following upon his earlier ... In 1917 he had shown that capillaries had independent contractions and he now investigated the response of the skin to injury, ... In 1925 he switched his focus from cardiography to vascular reactions of the skin. ... work on the mammalian heart-beat." Next, he switched his focus to peripheral vascular disease, especially Raynaud's disease, ...
*  Axon reflex
... es stimulate numerous effector organs including the endocrine, vascular and circulatory systems depending on the ... The body responds to multiple types of trauma including infection, physical injury, or toxic tissue damage through inflammation ... mainly via the sympathetic nervous system with negligible influences from the parasympathetic nervous system. Heat sensitive ... One example is laser Doppler studies which uses laser doppler imaging to observe the skin blood flow to determine vascular ...
*  Hypoxylon canker of shade trees
Once the stress occurs, however, the fungus colonizes the inner parts of the bark and vascular system; while the infection is ... Avoiding any physical injuries to the trunk, limbs, or roots is important as these injuries can disrupt growth processes and ... flourishing in the bark and vascular system (2). Natural stresses such as defoliation by insects, animal damage, soil nutrient ... and physical injuries are known stresses to trees (9). Drought is one of the major indicators that Hypoxylon will become a ...
*  Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the appendicular musculoskeletal system
... fascia of arm and leg fascial compartments after repair of a proximal vascular injury. Pneumatic / Surgical Pneumatic, surgical ... Zager, R.A. and A.C. Johnson, Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury upregulates histone-modifying enzyme systems and alters histone ... Ischemia Reperfusion injury Reperfusion therapy Tourniquet Myoglobin Acute kidney injury Eltzschig, H.K. and T. Eckle, Ischemia ... and face injury themselves (e.g., acute kidney injury). Tissue swelling and fasciotomy Following ischemia, reperfusion induces ...
*  Equine anatomy
The Appendicular system includes the limbs of the horse; The Axial system is composed of the spine, ribs and skull; The bones ... Vascular fold-like structures called laminae suspend the distal phalanx from the hoof wall. The skeleton of the horse has three ... Tendons are easily damaged if placed under too much strain, which can result in a painful, and possibly career-ending, injury. ... Therefore, the digestive system of a horse is about 30 m (100 ft) long, and most of this is intestines. Digestion begins in the ...
*  Pulmonary heart disease
Two causes are vascular changes as a result of tissue damage (e.g. disease, hypoxic injury), and chronic hypoxic pulmonary ... To be classified as pulmonary heart disease, the cause must originate in the pulmonary circulation system. ... anatomic disruption/pulmonary vascular bed and increased blood viscosity are usually involved ), however most of the time, the ... and can include blood backing up into the systemic venous system, including the hepatic vein. As pulmonary heart disease ...