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*  Protein metabolism
Threonine Asparagine Glutamine Special cases Cysteine Selenocysteine Glycine Proline Hydrophobic side chains Alanine Valine ...
*  Essential amino acid
The nine amino acids humans cannot synthesize are phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine ... valine, and arginine, in addition to threonine. Rose's later work showed that eight amino acids are essential for adult human ...
*  Isopenicillin N synthase
This causes the hydrogen atom at the C-3 of the valine residue to come closer to the iron(IV) oxo ligand which is highly ... This enzyme catalyzes the formation of isopenicillin N from δ-(L-α-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (LLD-ACV). N-[(5S)-5- ... The linear tripeptide δ-(L-α-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (LLD-ACV) must first be assembled from its component amino ... amino-5-carboxypentanoyl]-L-cysteinyl-D-valine + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } isopenicillin N + 2 H2O This reaction ...
*  Valine
... MS Spectrum Isoleucine and valine biosynthesis Valine's relationship to prions. ... Valine was first isolated from casein in 1901 by Hermann Emil Fischer. The name valine comes from valeric acid, which in turn ... Mice fed a valine deprivation diet for one day have improved insulin sensitivity, and feeding of a valine deprivation diet for ... In sickle-cell disease, a single glutamic acid in β-globin is replaced with valine. Because valine is hydrophobic, whereas ...
*  Valine decarboxylase
In enzymology, a valine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-valine ⇌ {\displaystyle ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine carboxy-lyase (2-methylpropanamine-forming). Other names in common use ... rightleftharpoons } 2-methylpropanamine + CO2 Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-valine, and two products, 2- ... include leucine decarboxylase, and L-valine carboxy-lyase. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate. Sutton CR; King HK ( ...
*  Valine dehydrogenase (NAD+)
... (EC 1.4.1.23) is an enzyme with systematic name L-valine:NAD+ oxidoreductase (deaminating). This ... Valine dehydrogenase (NADP+) Vancurová, I.; Vancura, A.; Volc, J.; Neuzil, J.; Flieger, M.; Basarová, G.; Behal, V. (1988). " ... Valine dehydrogenase (NAD ) at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... Navarrete, R.M.; Vara, J.A.; Hutchinson, C.R. (1990). "Purification of an inducible L-valine dehydrogenase of Streptomyces ...
*  Valine dehydrogenase (NADP+)
In enzymology, a valine dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.4.1.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-valine + H2O + ... and valine dehydrogenase (NADP+). Kagan ZS, Kretovich WL, Polyakov WA (1966). "Biosynthesis of valine by reductive amination of ... Behal V; Vancura, A; Volc, J; Neuzil, J; Flieger, M; Basarová, G; Bĕhal, V (1988). "Isolation and characterization of valine ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine:NADP+ oxidoreductase (deaminating). Other names in common use include ...
*  Valine-tRNA ligase
... valine transfer ribonucleate ligase, and valine translase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine ... In enzymology, a valine-tRNA ligase (EC 6.1.1.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-valine + tRNAVal ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine:tRNAVal ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include valyl-tRNA ... L-valine, and tRNA(Val), whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and L-valyl-tRNA(Val). This enzyme belongs to the family ...
*  Valine N-monooxygenase
L-valine + O2 + NADPH + H+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } N-hydroxy-L-valine + NADP+ + H2O (1b) N-hydroxy-L-valine + O2 ... Valine N-monooxygenase (EC 1.14.13.118, CYP79D1, CYP79D2) is an enzyme with systematic name L-valine,NADPH:oxygen ... N-dihydroxy-L-valine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } (E)-2-methylpropanal oxime + CO2 + H2O (spontaneous reaction) Valine ... Valine N-monooxygenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ...
*  Valine-pyruvate transaminase
In enzymology, a valine-pyruvate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.66) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-valine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine:pyruvate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include transaminase ... This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis. Falkinham JO 3rd (1979). "Identification of a mutation ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-valine and pyruvate, whereas its two products are 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate and L-alanine ...
*  Valines
... is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France. Valines is situated 9 miles (14 km) west of ... Abbeville, on the D925 road Communes of the Somme department INSEE Valines on the Quid website (in French). ...
*  Valine-3-methyl-2-oxovalerate transaminase
... valine-3-methyl-2-oxovalerate aminotransferase, alanine-valine transaminase, valine-2-keto-methylvalerate aminotransferase, and ... Some properties of valine-isoleucine- and valine-glutamate-aminotransferases of pea sprouts]". Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (in ... In enzymology, a valine-3-methyl-2-oxovalerate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.32) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine:(S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate aminotransferase. Other names in common use ...
*  Gare de Chépy-Valines
The Gare de Chépy-Valines (Chépy-Valines station) is a railway station located in the commune of Chépy, and near Valines, both ...
*  Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase
Myers JW (May 1961). "Dihydroxy acid dehydrase: an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of isoleucine and valine". The Journal ... Kanamori M, Wixom RL (Mar 1963). "Studies in valine biosynthesis. V. Characteristics of the purified dihydroxyacid dehydratase ... This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis and pantothenate and coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. ...
*  Hypervalinemia
It is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme valine transaminase. Presenting in infancy, symptoms include lack of appetite, ... Hypervalinemia, also called valinemia or valine transaminase deficiency, is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder in ... probably a new entity of inborn error of valine metabolism". Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 81: 46-55. doi:10.1620/tjem.81.46. PMID ... which urinary and serum levels of the branched-chain amino acid valine are elevated, without related elevation of the branched- ...
*  Isovaline
Valine Norvaline J.R. Cronin; S. Pizzarello (1999). "Amino acid enantiomer excesses in meteorites". origin and significanca Adv ...
*  Blackhawk Farms Raceway
Blackhawk Farms Website Valine Background Story. ...
*  Amino acid
... and valine. Proline is the only proteinogenic amino acid whose side-group links to the α-amino group and, thus, is also the ...
*  Ribonuclease inhibitor
valine, isoleucine, methionine, tyrosine, and phenylalanine. RI is the classic leucine-rich repeat protein, consisting of ...
*  Chaetomium cupreum
... valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation; valine, leucine, isoleucine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis. Proteases ...
*  Acetolactate decarboxylase
Hill RK, Sawada S, Arfin SM (1979). "Stereochemistry of valine and isoleucine biosynthesis. IV Synthesis, configuration, and ...
*  Acetolactate synthase
ALS catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of the branched-chain amino acids (valine, leucine, and isoleucine). It is a ... The resulting product of this reaction, acetolactate, eventually becomes valine, leucine, and isoleucine. All three of these ... valine does not affect it directly. Both the ilvGMEDA and ilvBNC operons are derepressed during shortages of the branched-chain ... CO2 This enzyme is the first of several enzymes in the biosynthesis cycle for leucine and valine, taking the initial pyruvate ...
*  Kv1.1
Valine has a larger side-chain. RNA editing at this position occurs at a highly conserved ion conducting pore of the channel. ... Editing results in a codon (I/V) change from (ATT) to (GTT) resulting in translation of a valine instead of an isoleucine at ... Editing results in a codon alteration from ATT to GTT, resulting in an amino acid change from isoleucine to valine. ADAR2 ...
*  Isovalerate
Menthyl isovalerate Valerate Isovaleric acidemia Valine. ...
*  Ketol-acid reductoisomerase
This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis and pantothenate and coa biosynthesis. As of late 2007 ... Hill RK, Sawada S & Arfin SM (1979). "Stereochemistry of valine and isoleucine biosynthesis. IV Synthesis, configuration, and ... Satyanarayana T, Radhakrishnan AN (1965). "Biosynthesis of valine and isoleucine in plants. 3. Reductoisomerase of Phaseolus ...