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*  Epilepsy
... vagus nerve stimulation, anterior thalamic stimulation, and closed-loop responsive stimulation. A ketogenic diet (high-fat, low ... Epileptic seizures are the result of excessive and abnormal nerve cell activity in the cortex of the brain. The diagnosis ...
*  Cortical stimulation mapping
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)". ... Another site of research for a vision prosthesis using cortical stimulation is the optic nerve itself, which contains the nerve ... Cortical stimulation mapping is used for somatotopy to determine the areas of the cerebral cortex that connect through nerve ... If the current applied causes afterdischarges, nerve impulses that occur after stimulation, then the levels are lowered. ...
*  Vagus nerve stimulation
Doctor's Guide: Vagus Nerve Stimulation Successful For Depression Neurology Channel: Vagus Nerve Stimulation Archived October ... Vagus nerve stimulation or vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is a medical treatment that involves delivering electrical impulses to ... so that the surgeon can access the vagus nerve. The surgeon then wraps the leads around the left branch of the vagus nerve, and ... the generator sends electric impulses to the vagus nerve at regular intervals. The left vagus nerve is stimulated rather than ...
*  Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation
... (tVNS) is a medical treatment that involves delivering electrical impulses to the ... auricular branch of the vagus nerve or cervical vagus nerve. It is a non-invasive and based on the rationale that there is ... "Vagus nerve stimulation in ischemic stroke: old wine in a new bottle". Front. Neurol. 5: 107. doi:10.3389/fneur.2014.00107. PMC ... "Transcutaneous vagus and trigeminal nerve stimulation for neuropsychiatric disorders: a systematic review". Arquivos de neuro- ...
*  Frontal lobe epilepsy
... he/she can activate the stimulator which in turn will provide stimulation to the left vagus nerve (the left vagus nerve is used ... "Vagus nerve stimulation". MayoClinic.com. 2008-07-31. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-24. " ... Although little is understood about the exact mechanism for vagal nerve stimulation, it has been proven to be a successful ... regimented diet and/or the implantation of a vagus nerve stimulator. Anticonvulsants are the most successful medication in ...
*  James-Lange theory
2002). "Vagus nerve stimulation therapy: A research update". Neurology. 59 (6 supplement 4): S56-S61. doi:10.1212/wnl.59.6_ ... Cannon examined research on dogs performed by Sherrington, who separated the spinal cord and vagus nerves from all connections ... J.N. Langley had shown that there was a period of two to four seconds between when the chorda tympani nerve was stimulated and ... In other words, "stimulation of the same site produces different mental states across instances, depending on the prior state ...
*  Drop attack
"Vagus nerve stimulation for drop attacks in a pediatric population". Epilepsy & Behavior. 19 (3): 394-399. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh. ... Zamponi, N.; Passamonti, C.; Cesaroni, E.; Trignani, R.; Rychlicki, F. (2011). "Effectiveness of vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) ...
*  Corpus callosotomy
Corpus callosum Epilepsy Split-brain Vagus nerve stimulation Mathews, Marlon S.; Linskey, Mark E.; Binder, Devin K. (2008-02-29 ... "Vagus nerve stimulation for drop attacks in a pediatric population". Epilepsy & Behavior. 19 (3): 394-9. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh. ... "Corpus callosotomy versus vagus nerve stimulation for atonic seizures and drop attacks: A systematic review". Epilepsy & ... Epilepsy is also currently treated by a less invasive process called vagus nerve stimulation. This method utilizes an electrode ...
*  Lorenza Colzato
Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) enhances response selection during action cascading processes. European ... Reducing prejudice through brain stimulation, Brain Stimulation, doi:10.1016/j.brs.2015.04.003 Steenbergen, L., Sellaro, R., ...
*  Auricular branch of vagus nerve
This nerve may be stimulated as a diagnostic or therapeutic technique Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation (tVNS) was ... The auricular branch of the vagus nerve is often termed the Alderman's nerve or Arnold's nerve. The latter name is an eponym ... this is a referred pain through the vagus nerve to the nerve of Arnold. In a small portion of individuals, the auricular nerve ... February 2000). "Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation for partial onset seizure therapy. A new concept". Childs Nerv Syst. 16 ...
*  Management of depression
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) uses an implanted electrode and generator to deliver electrical pulses to the vagus nerve, one of ... vagus nerve stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and cranial electrotherapy stimulation. Use of such ... September 2005). "Vagus nerve stimulation for treatment-resistant depression: A randomized, controlled acute phase trial". ... Brain Stimulation Therapies NiCE. January 2014 Transcranial magnetic stimulation for treating and preventing migraine Archived ...
*  Management of drug-resistant epilepsy
"Vagus nerve stimulation in 436 consecutive patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy: Long-term outcomes and predictors of ... "Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Side Effects, and Long-Term Safety : Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology". LWW. Retrieved 2016-09-08. ... "Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Side Effects, and Long-Term Safety : Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology". Eggleston, Katherine S.; ... The antiepileptic effect of vagus nerve stimulation increases over several months: after two years around half of VNS patients ...
*  Hiccup
This ancient recommendation can be compared with the vagus nerve stimulation techniques mentioned previously. The word hiccup ... which is supplied by the axillary nerve which shares the c5 nerve root with the phrenic nerve. There are many superstitious and ... "It sends rhythmic bursts of electricity to the brain by way of the vagus nerve, which passes through the neck. The Food and ... Somehow this creates a vagus nerve-triggering reflex through its extensions to the external ear and tympanus (ear drum). The ...
*  Bariatric surgery
November 2007). "Weight loss during chronic, cervical vagus nerve stimulation in depressed patients with obesity: an ... Electrical stimulation is thought to modify the activity of the enteric nervous system of the stomach, which is interpreted by ...
*  Ketogenic diet
When drugs fail, other options include epilepsy surgery, vagus nerve stimulation and the ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet is ... There is some evidence of synergistic benefits when the diet is combined with the vagus nerve stimulator or with the drug ... The nerve impulse is characterised by a great influx of sodium ions through channels in the neuron's cell membrane followed by ... Ketone bodies The brain is composed of a network of neurons that transmit signals by propagating nerve impulses. The ...
*  Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome
Ketogenic diet has been used Vagus nerve stimulation helps control seizure activity after recovery from status. Intravenous ...
*  Temporal lobe epilepsy
Another treatment option is electrical stimulation of the brain through an implanted device called the vagus nerve stimulator ( ... and vagus nerve stimulation. The ketogenic diet is also recommended for children, and some adults. Other options include brain ... Stimulation of aberrant mossy fibre areas increases the excitatory postsynaptic potential response. However, aberrant mossy ... Visual distortions such as macropsia and micropsia Dissociation or derealisation Synesthesia (stimulation of one sense ...
*  Neuroimmunology
Burn-induced organ dysfunction using vagus nerve stimulation has been found to attenuate organ and serum cytokine levels. Burns ... These studies have laid the groundwork for inquiries that vagus nerve stimulation may influence postburn immunological ... Still other groups have shown that vagus nerve signaling has a prominent impact on various inflammatory pathologies. ... generally induce abacterial cytokine generation and perhaps parasympathetic stimulation after burns would decrease ...
*  Ring chromosome 20 syndrome
It delivers a mild electrical stimulation to the brain via the vagus nerve and has proven to be effective for the treatment of ... Alternates to antiepileptic drug treatment include the ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation but not epilepsy surgery. The ... The vagal nerve stimulator is a battery-powered device similar to a pacemaker that is implanted under the skin. ...
*  Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Deep-brain stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation are possible surgical options that do not require destruction of brain ... Stimulation of the nucleus accumbens has also been observed to effectively alleviate both obsessions and compulsions, ... In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration approved deep-brain stimulation for the treatment of OCD under a ... a result believed to be caused by increased stimulation of serotonin receptors 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C. A complex relationship ...
*  Treatment-resistant depression
Vagus nerve stimulation is a more invasive procedure than electroconvulsive therapy, but it has been shown to be well tolerated ... During the procedure a stimulating electrode is surgically attached to the vagus nerve; this allows for continuous stimulation ... Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) is a continuation of the same idea as rTMS, but with the hope that deeper stimulation ... 2012). "Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for major depression: a multisite, naturalistic, observational study of acute ...
*  Peripheral nerve interface
... treatment of epilepsy by electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve, nerve stimulation to control micturition, occipital nerve ... Helicoidal electrodes are currently used for FES stimulation of the vagus nerve to control intractable epilepsy, sleep apnea, ... A randomized controlled trial of chronic vagus nerve stimulation for treatment of medically intractable seizures. Neurology 45: ... and selective recording/stimulation of nerve tissue. Ideally peripheral nerve interfaces are optimally designed to interface ...
*  Kevin J. Tracey
In 2007 he co-founded a company called SetPoint Medical which aimed to develop vagus nerve stimulation devices to treat ...
*  Anticonvulsant
... ketogenic diet or vagus nerve stimulation are described as "anticonvulsant" therapies as well. However they do not work as well ...
*  Anne-Marie Baiynd
Baiynd began conducting research on the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation in the treatment of intractable epilepsy at ...
*  Paul Kalanithi
"Rehospitalization and emergency department use rates before and after vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy: Use of state ... New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation". International review of neurobiology. International Review of Neurobiology. 107 ...
*  Bacillus cereus
... activating them and leading to increased afferent vagus nerve stimulation. It was shown independently by two research groups to ...