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*  V-ATPase
Support for independent assembly includes the findings that the assembled Vo domain can be found at the vacuole in the absence ... the proton gradient across the yeast vacuolar membrane generated by V-ATPases drives calcium uptake into the vacuole through an ... of the V1 domain, whereas free V1 domains can be found in the cytoplasm and not at the vacuole (Kane, 1995; Sumner, 1995). In ...
*  Cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting
The abbreviation Cvt comes from the emphasis Cytoplasm vacuole targeting, not from Cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting. Lynch-Day MA ... Cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) is an autophagy-related pathway in yeast. Under vegetative conditions it delivers ... hydrolases, such as aminopeptidase 1 (Ape1), to the vacuole. This makes the cvt pathway the only known biosynthetic pathway to ...
*  Endosome
Körner, U.; Fuss, V.; Steigerwald, J.; Moll, H. (Feb 2006). "Biogenesis of Leishmania major-harboring vacuoles in murine ...
*  Phagosome
The bacterium secretes toxins that interfere with host trafficking, so the Legionella-containing vacuole recruits membrane ...
*  Contractile vacuole
The contractile vacuole is a specialised type of vacuole; vacuoles are found in most cells but vacuoles are not always ... After the canals fill with water, the water is pumped into the vacuole. When the vacuole is full, it expels the water through a ... They were detected in the vicinity of the vacuole in Trypanosoma cruzi and were shown to fuse with the vacuole when the cells ... It was previously known as pulsatile or pulsating vacuole. The contractile vacuole acts to regulate the quantity of water ...
*  Parasitophorous vacuole
The parasitophorous vacuole (PV) is a structure produced by apicomplexan parasites in the cell of its host. The PV allows the ... The parasitophorous vacuole is formed during cell invasion, when the parasite uses part of the membrane of the host cell to ... The PV is not a true vacuole, but resembles one under the microscope. Laliberté, J.; Carruthers, V. B. (2008). "Host cell ... Parasites that form a parasitophorous vacuole as part of their infection process include Plasmodium falciparum, which causes ...
*  Food vacuole
The food vacuole, or digestive vacuole, is an organelle found in parasites that cause malaria. During the stage of the ... "Four plasmepsins are active in the Plasmodium falciparum food vacuole, including a protease with an active-site histidine". ...
*  Lysosome
Plant vacuoles are found to be much more diverse in structure and function than previously thought. Some vacuoles contain their ... some botanists strongly argued that these vacuoles are lysosomes. However, this is not universally accepted as the vacuoles are ... These vacuoles are therefore seen as fulfilling the role of the animal lysosome. Based on de Duve's description that "only when ... Vacuoles do not have catabolic activity and do not undergo exocytosis as lysosomes do. The word lysosome (/ˈlaɪsoʊsoʊm/, / ...
*  Serous carcinoma
"Knobby" group borders (in large groups). Hydropic vacuoles. Symptoms of serous carcinoma may include: Discomfort/pain or ...
*  Plasmodium diminutivum
Vacuoles are rarely seen. This species occurs in Panama. The only known host is the lizard Ameiva ameiva. S. R. Telford, Jr. ( ...
*  Eukaryote
In higher plants, most of a cell's volume is taken up by a central vacuole, which mostly contains water and primarily maintains ... doi:10.1093/jxb/40.1.1. Raven, J. A. (July 1987). "The role of vacuoles". New Phytologist. 106: 357-422. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... Simple compartments, called vesicles and vacuoles, can form by budding off other membranes. Many cells ingest food and other ... Many protozoans have contractile vacuoles, which collect and expel excess water, and extrusomes, which expel material used to ...
*  Biological membrane
Peroxisomes are one form of vacuole found in the cell that contain by-products of chemical reactions within the cell. Most ... where the membrane allows for a vacuole to join onto it and push its contents into the cell. Many types of specialized plasma ... vacuole; cytoplasmic granules; cell vesicles (phagosome, autophagosome, clathrin-coated vesicles, COPI-coated and COPII-coated ...
*  Meristem
The vacuoles are extremely small. The cytoplasm does not contain differentiated plastids (chloroplasts or chromoplasts), ... Often, Rhizobium infected cells have only small vacuoles. In contrast, nodules on pea, clovers, and Medicago truncatula are ... Infected cells usually possess a large vacuole. The plant vascular system is branched and peripheral. Under appropriate ...
*  Plasmodium guyannense
Young trophozoites contain prominent vacuoles. Schizonts contain 40 to 74 nuclei and have pigment. This species is found in ...
*  Colpoda
Often completely packed with food vacuoles. Colpoda maupasi Once thought to be a variety of Colpoda steini, later recognized as ... Appears dark at lower powers because of dark structures near the contractile vacuole. ...
*  Thioploca
A large vacuole occupies more than 80% of their cell volume and contains sulfide and nitrate which they use to make energy for ... The concentration of nitrate in the vacuole is extremely high (500 mM) even though the sediments in which they live are ... Filamentous sulfur bacteria with nitrate vacuoles". FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 28 (4): 301. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.1999. ...
*  Hereditary inclusion body myopathy
Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles; DMRV; Nonaka myopathy; Rimmed vacuole myopathy; Quadriceps Sparing Myopathy; GNE myopathy ... In Japan and many East Asian countries, this disorder is known as Distal Myopathy with Rimmed Vacuoles (DMRV). IBM2 causes ... On muscle biopsy, the typical finding includes inclusion bodies, rimmed vacuoles and accumulation of aberrant proteins similar ... Other Names: IBM3; Myopathy with congenital joint contractures, ophthalmoplegia, and rimmed vacuoles; Inclusion body myopathy ...
*  Halobacterium salinarum
Larsen, H; Omang, S; Steensland, H (1967). "On the gas vacuoles of the halobacteria". Archiv für Mikrobiologie. 59 (1): 197-203 ...
*  Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
These vacuoles appear clear and punched-out. Larger vacuoles encircling neurons, vessels, and glia are a possible processing ... These vacuoles appear glassy or eosinophilic and may coalesce. Neuronal loss and gliosis are also seen. Plaques of amyloid-like ... The classic histologic appearance is spongiform change in the gray matter: the presence of many round vacuoles from one to 50 ...
*  Collodictyon
There are two to several contractile vacuoles. The cell shape is variable but is mostly obovoid to ellipsoid. The lateral cell ...
*  Vesicle (biology and chemistry)
Vacuoles are vesicles which contain mostly water. Plant cells have a large central vacuole in the center of the cell that is ... Contractile vacuoles are found in certain protists, especially those in Phylum Ciliophora. These vacuoles take water from the ... Food can be taken from outside the cell into food vacuoles by a process called endocytosis. These food vacuoles fuse with ...
*  Steatosis
The clear vacuoles contained lipid in life; however, histological fixation caused it to be dissolved and hence only empty/clear ... As such, samples prepared this way will appear to have empty holes (or vacuoles) within the cells where the lipid has been ... Other intracellular accumulations, such as water or glycogen, can also appear as clear vacuoles, therefore it becomes necessary ... Microvesicular steatosis is characterized by small intracytoplasmic fat vacuoles (liposomes) which accumulate in the cell. ...
*  Beta vulgaris
The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. Beetroot cells are quite unstable and will 'leak' when cut, heated, or when in ...
*  Saintpaulia
This is thought to be because rapid leaf cooling causes cell vacuole collapse in the palisade mesophyll cells. African violets ... "Sudden Collapse of Vacuoles in Saintpaulia sp. Palisade Cells Induced by a Rapid Temperature Decrease". PLOS ONE. 8 (2): e57259 ...
*  Echinozoon
A vacuole is present. The nucleus is irregular. Later stages occur in two forms. The smaller of these may be up to 5 ... The nucleus lies to the size of the vacuole. The larger form may be up to nine micrometers in size. The cytoplasm is reddish ...