Loading...
*  DNA vaccination
First generation vaccines are whole-organism vaccines - either live and weakened, or killed forms. Live, attenuated vaccines, ... Second generation vaccines were developed to reduce the risks from live vaccines. These are subunit vaccines, consisting of ... However, attenuated forms of a pathogen can convert to a dangerous form and may cause disease in immunocompromised vaccine ... A veterinary DNA vaccine to protect horses from West Nile virus has been approved. DNA vaccines elicit the best immune response ...
*  HIV vaccine
N Wang; Y Li; W Niu; M Sun; R Cerny; J Guo (May 2014). "Construction of a live-attenuated HIV-1 vaccine through genetic code ... Vaccine Research Center (VRC)- Information concerning Preventive HIV vaccine research studies NIAID HIV vaccine site (DAIDS) ... Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) AIDS Vaccine Advocacy ... A promising new approach to a live attenuated HIV-1 vaccine is being pursued by scientists, using a genetically modified form ...
*  Malaria vaccine
The PfSPZ vaccine is a candidate malaria vaccine developed by Sanaria using radiation-attenuated sporozoites to elicit an ... Malaria vaccine is a vaccine that is used to prevent malaria. The only approved vaccine as of 2015 is RTS,S. It requires four ... Research continues into recombinant protein and attenuated whole organism vaccines. RTS,S (developed by PATH Malaria Vaccine ... The vaccine was shown to be less effective for infants. Three doses of vaccine plus a booster reduced the risk of clinical ...
*  Attenuated vaccine
... example attenuated) vaccines include: Viral: measles vaccine, mumps vaccine, rubella vaccine, Live attenuated influenza vaccine ... and yellow fever vaccine. Bacterial: BCG vaccine, typhoid vaccine and epidemic typhus vaccine. Viruses may be attenuated via ... An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live"). ... There is a small risk of reversion to virulence; this risk is smaller in vaccines with deletions. Attenuated vaccines also ...
*  Live attenuated influenza vaccine
It is an attenuated vaccine, unlike most influenza vaccines, which are inactivated vaccines. LAIV is administered intranasally ... Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that used to be ... In 2016 the CDC recommended that LAIV not be used for the 2016-2017 flu season and instead another type of influenza vaccine be ... This is due to the poor effectiveness of this type of vaccine between 2013 and 2016 with it being non effective during the 2015 ...
*  Duck plague
Only attenuated vaccines are efficacious. Once DVE is present, depopulation, relocation and intensive disinfection are required ...
*  Immunization
Examples of live, attenuated vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella, MMR, yellow fever, varicella, rotavirus, and influenza ( ... This can cause confusion if care is not taken to specify which vaccine is used e.g. measles vaccine or influenza vaccine. ... This includes those people who have never had the vaccine, those who didn't receive all doses of the vaccine, or those ... Immunization registry Influenza vaccine Vaccine-preventable diseases World Immunization Week Targeted immunization strategies " ...
*  Vaccine
... hepatitis A vaccine, rabies vaccine and some influenza vaccines.[citation needed] Some vaccines contain live, attenuated ... The live attenuated vaccine containing strain Yersinia pestis EV is used for plague immunization. Attenuated vaccines have some ... the two vaccines can interfere. This most frequently occurs with live attenuated vaccines, where one of the vaccine components ... While most vaccines are created using inactivated or attenuated compounds from micro-organisms, synthetic vaccines are composed ...
*  Bovine herpesvirus 1
Both inactivated and live attenuated vaccines are available. Immunity usually lasts approximately six months to one year. ... Marker vaccines are also available and recommended. Marker vaccines, also known as DIVA (differentiation of infected from ... A marker vaccine uses either deletion mutants or a virion subunit, such as glycoprotein E. Studies show that vaccinating after ... There is a vaccine available which reduces the severity and incidence of disease. Some countries in Europe have successfully ...
*  Avian infectious bronchitis virus
There are both attenuated vaccines and inactivated vaccines available. Their effectiveness is diminished by poor cross- ... Experimental vector IB vaccines and genetically manipulated IBVs-with heterologous spike protein genes-have produced promising ...
*  Dengue vaccine
Several vaccine candidates are in development including live attenuated, inactivated, DNA and subunit vaccines. Live attenuated ... Dengue vaccine is a vaccine to prevent dengue fever in humans. The World Health Organization only recommends the vaccine as a ... "Vaccine Development. Dengue Vaccine Initiative". Retrieved 31 July 2015. Roehrig, John T. "Current Status of Dengue Vaccine ... CYD-TDV, sold under the brand name Dengvaxia and made by Sanofi Pasteur , is a live attenuated tetravalent chimeric vaccine ...
*  NS1 influenza protein
Remarkably, the new variants were excellent live-attenuated influenza vaccine candidates. The ability to attenuate influenza ... Genes and Their Potential as a Live Influenza Vaccine in Poultry". Vaccine. 26: 3580-3586. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.05.001. ... live-attenuated vaccine approach". J Virol. 82: 10580-10590. doi:10.1128/jvi.01213-08. PMC 2573209 . PMID 18768976. Talon J, ... "Live attenuated influenza viruses containing NS1 truncations as vaccine candidates against H5N1 highly pathogenic avian ...
*  Contact immunity
The most prominent example of contact immunity was the oral polio vaccine (OPV). This live, attenuated polio vaccine was widely ... The potential for contact immunity exists primarily in "live" or attenuated vaccines. Vaccination with a live, but attenuated, ... National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (6 April 2007). "Polio Vaccine Questions & Answers". Vaccines & ... These attenuated viruses produce little or no illness in most people. However, the live virus multiplies briefly, may be shed ...
*  Gut-specific homing
It may become possible to target oral attenuated vaccines to the gut mucosa. By doing this, it would hopefully render the ... vaccine more reliable and effective. Additionally, it may improve the treatment of chronic bowel disease. Gut specific homing ...
*  Modified vaccinia Ankara
The Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) is an attenuated vaccine of a poxvirus. It was licensed and used as a poxvirus vaccine in ... modified vaccinia Ankara strain as an attenuated smallpox vaccine. In: Expert review of vaccines. Band 8, Nummer 1, Januar 2009 ... In macaques, DNA-based HIV vaccines can be effectively boosted with recombinant MVA-based vaccines expressing HIV antigens. ... Immunization regimens incorporating priming with DNA vaccine and boosting with recombinant MVA-based vaccine have been found to ...
*  Sheeppox
The live, attenuated vaccines produce longer lasting and stronger immunity than the inactivated vaccine. It has been suggested ... attenuated virus vaccine which have been shown to produce good immunity. There are inactivated vaccines, but they have shown to ... Immunity results after infection and there are vaccines available. ... that the lumpy skin disease virus vaccine is can also be used to prevent sheeppox. Symptoms can range from mild to severe ...
*  Chimera (virus)
Chimeric flaviviruses have been created in an attempt to make novel live attenuated vaccines. Center for Veterinary Biologics ... Dec.8, 2005 "Chimeric flaviviruses: novel vaccines against dengue fever, tick-borne encephalitis, and Japanese encephalitis". ...
*  Schering-Plough
Eclipse Vaccines - Attenuated modified live feline vaccines available in a multitude of antigen combinations. Galaxy Vaccines ... New Zealand was the largest single site for the production of veterinary vaccines in the world.[citation needed] This was ... Canine vaccines available in a multitude of antigen combinations. Optimmune - Ophthalmic ointment (ciclosporin) for the ... Diosynth and gained access to human vaccine production through the subsidiary Nobilon. The three companies comprising Organon ...
*  Junin virus
"Genomic features of attenuated Junín virus vaccine strain candidate". McKee, Kelly (1993). "Safety and Immunogenicity of a Live ... 2013) "41 - Biodefense and Special Pathogen Vaccines." Biodefense and Special Pathogen Vaccines - Vaccines (Sixth Edition). ... 1998). "Protective Efficacy of a Live Attenuated Vaccine against Argentine Hemorrhagic Fever" (PDF). The Journal of Infectious ... Currently, the Candid 1 vaccine, otherwise known as the Junin vaccine, is licensed in Argentina by the regulatory agency of ...
*  List of vaccine topics
"Evaluation of an attenuated strain of Ehrlichia canis as a vaccine for canine monocytic ehrlichiosis". Vaccine. 31 (1): 226-233 ... vaccine West Nile virus vaccine for humans Zika fever Caries vaccine Ehrlichiosis vaccine Leprosy vaccine Lyme disease vaccine ... vaccine Enterovirus 71 vaccine Epstein-Barr vaccine Hepatitis C vaccine HIV vaccine HTLV-1 T-lymphotropic leukemia vaccine for ... aureus vaccine Streptococcus pyogenes vaccine Syphilis vaccine Tularemia vaccine Yersinia pestis vaccine Malaria vaccine ...
*  West Nile fever
"ChimeriVax-West Nile Virus Live-Attenuated Vaccine: Preclinical Evaluation of Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy". Journal of ... A vaccine for horses (ATCvet code: QI05AA10 (WHO)) based on killed viruses exists; some zoos have given this vaccine to their ... A vaccine called Chimerivax-WNV is being actively researched and has undergone phase II Clinical trials in 2011. [needs update ... There is no human vaccine. The best method to reduce the risk of infections is avoiding mosquito bites. This may be done by ...
*  Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2
The live attenuated vaccine works through an unknown mechanism and only helps clinical symptoms; it does not prevent infection ... It is thought that the live attenuated vaccination may also revert to the virulent form of the virus. These two vaccinations ... Currently, inactivated and live attenuated viruses are used to try to eliminate Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome ( ...
*  Varicella zoster virus
A live attenuated VZV Oka/Merck strain vaccine is available and is marketed in the United States under the trade name Varivax. ... Single nucleotide polymorphisms define clades and attenuated vaccine genotypes". Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 18: 351-356 ... Takahashi M, Otsuka T, Okuno Y, Asano Y, Yazaki T (1974). "Live vaccine used to prevent the spread of varicella in children in ... Vaccine coverage in the United States in the population recommended for vaccination is approaching 90%, with concomitant ...
*  Measles
"Live attenuated measles vaccine". EPI Newsletter / C Expanded Program on Immunization in the Americas. 2 (1): 6. 1980. PMID ... Licensed vaccines to prevent the disease became available in 1963. An improved measles vaccine became available in 1968. ... The vaccine is generally not given before this age because such infants respond inadequately to the vaccine due to an immature ... Vaccine. 30 (41): 5905-13. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.07.035. PMID 22841972. "Bug of the Month-Measles". Banner Gateway Medical ...
*  Methylprednisolone
Additionally, the administration of live, attenuated vaccines is contraindicated for individuals taking immunosuppressive doses ...
*  Camelpox
An attenuated vaccine is currently available that provides long term protection against Camelpox if administered when the camel ... An inactivated vaccine is also available, but must be administered yearly to maintain protection. The Camelpox virus is ...
*  Eimeria
For these reasons, vaccines for control seem promising, of which live attenuated vaccines are most effective. However, the ... As a result, other avenues of control are being explored, particularly vaccine development, although several live attenuated ... 2002). "Sustainable coccidiosis control in poultry production: the role of live vaccines". International Journal for ... and attenuated) line". Avian pathology. 13 (4): 657-668. doi:10.1080/03079458408418564. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link ...